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英语I(1)电大 形成性考核册 11春 作业4参考答案及解析

电大开放英语(1)作业4(期末自测)

大家好:

英语I(1)作业4本次作业涵盖全书内容,难度与期末考试相仿。你可将其作为模拟试题,测试一下自己对本学期所学内容的掌握程度。作业分五部分完成。1)交际用语;2)词汇与结构;3)句型变换;4)阅读理解;5)英译汉。希望同学们用课上所学的知识完成好作业。

另外,请注意正式考试时所有答案必须写在答题纸上。

Hi, there

Here are the keys to the following exercises with some explanations. They are just for your reference. Hopefully you will get some help from them. Here you go.

第一部分交际用语(10分)

1一5小题:阅读下面的小对话,判断答语是否恰当,恰当的选A(Right),不恰当的选B(Wrong),并将答案写在各题前的()中。(每题2分,共10分)

()1.--- What are your parents doing right now?

--- My mother is retired. My father is a manager.

A. Right.

B. Wrong.

()2.一Can I help you?

--- Y es, I’d like to rent a flat.

A. Right.

B. Wrong.

()3.一Could I speak to Harry, please?

--- He’s not in., I’m afraid.

A. Right.

B. Wrong.

()4.一What do you think of the Internet?

--- I think it is very useful.

A. Right.

B. Wrong.

()5.一How much oil do you need?

--- It costs about 50 pounds.

A. Right.

B. Wrong.

第二部分词汇与结构(40分)

6-25小题:阅读下面的句子, 选择正确答案,并将所选项的字母符号写在各题前的()中。(每

题2分,共40分)

()6. I work in ______ office in Shanghai.

A. a

B. an

C. the

解析:这里考查的是不冠词和定冠词的用法。不定冠词一般表示泛指,有“一个”的意思。定冠词表示特指,可以接单数名词也可以接复数名词。在这里要选择B,因为这句话表示的是:我在上海一家事务所工作。为什么选择B,还有一个因为是后面的名词是以元音开头的单词。

()7. There________ four children in the picture.

A. is

B. are

C. have

解析:这里考查的是there be结构,表示在某处有或存在什么。这在作业1里有类似题。be动词是用单数还是用复数,要看be动词后的名词是单数还是复数,这里be动词后是不规则复数名词children,所以要选择答案B。

()8. We often have _______ supper at home.

A. us

B. our

C. ours

解析:这里考查的是物主代词的用法。但这里有两个物主代词,即our和ours。但our是形容词性物主代词,而ours是名词性物主代词。因为题面中的supper是名词,名词前需要用形容词性物主代词来修饰,所以选择B。而答案A中的us是人称代词的宾格,只能做宾语,不能作定语。

() 9. _______ Chris worried about the presentation last week?

A. Is

B. Was

C. Were

解析:这里考查的是be动词的时态用法,在此选择B有两个原因:1)在题面里有明显的表示过去时态的时间副词last week;2)主语Chri s是个人名。

()10. This is my new watch. It was a present ____ my wife.

A. with

B. from

C. to

解析:这里考查的是介词的用法。一般来讲,with表示“和”等;from表示来源“来自”等;to表示方向“通往”等。因此,此处选择B。

()11.Paul is in _________ canteen on _______ third floor.

A. the, a

B. a, the

C. a, a

解析:这里考查的还是不冠词和定冠词的用法。不定冠词一般表示泛指,有“一个”的意思。定冠词表示特指,另外,在序数词要用定冠词。因此,这里选择B。

()12. I don’t want _____ tea, thanks.

A. some

B. any

C. /

解析:这里考查的是非限定词的用法。类似的题在作业2里讲过。some用在肯定句中;any用在疑问句和否定句中。这句话是一个否定句,所以选择B。

()13. Lily and Lucy are _________ a picture-book in their room.

A. looking

B. Watching

C. reading

解析:这里考查的是动词与名词搭配的问题。一般来讲,look是个不及物动词,后面要跟介词或副词构成词组;watch是个及物动词,但后面不能接book一词。我们所说的读书或看书要用动词read,所以选择C。

()14. I have two brothers. One is a driver,_______ is a policeman.

A. one

B. other

C. the other

解析:这里考查的是代词other的用法。在这里选择C是因为other一词表示其中的一个,即“另外一个”,前面需用定冠词the。而One除了作数词表示一个外,还可以作代名词用;答案B中的other作形容词使,表示“别的,其余的”等义。

()15. _________ do I get to the bus station?

A. What

B. Where

C. How

解析:这道题可以从作业2的第一项“交际用语”中的第一题找到答案,此句问的是“我怎样才能到达汽车站?”问的是通过何种方式或乘坐什么交通工具抵达某地。

()16. She is _________ than him.

A. a bit fast

B. much fast

C. faster

解析:这里考查的是比较级的用法,即more。。。than结构。此句是说“她比他速度快多了。”fast 一词是个单音节词,是个规则变化的词,遵循词尾加er的规律。所以选择C。

()17. I’m sorry she’s not in. Would you like to ______ a message?

A. keep

B. rest

C. leave

解析:这里考查的是动词与名词搭配的问题。一般来讲,keep一词后常接doing结构;rest一词表示休息,在此词不达意。Leave a message 是个词组,就是我们通常说的“留言”“流口信”之意。因此选择C。

()18. He goes to work _______ foot but comes back home ______ taxi.

A. on, by

B. by, on

C. by, by

解析:这道题在作业2中出现过,与第24题完全一样。请参见那里的解析。

()19. My aunt _____ for her friends at home.

A. enjoys cooking

B. enjoys to cook

C. enjoy cooking

解析:这里考查的是动词enjoy的用法。首先这个词后面需接动名词,表示喜欢做什么。其次,这句话的主语是个单数名词,因此,要选择A。

()20. -- ________ do you prefer watching TV?

-- Because it helps my English a lot.

A. How

B. Why

C. What

解析:这里要考查的是疑问词的选择,在答语中有由because引出的句子,因此上文要选择B 答案—Why来提问。

()21.Rose is _______ than Frank.

A. very easy-going

B. much easy-going

C. much more easy-going

解析:这里还是考查比较级的用法,即more。。。than结构。根据此结构只有答案C符号条件。这句是说“罗斯比弗兰克更随和”。所以选择C。

()22. He is _________ on the 6 o’clock train on Friday evening.

A. travel

B. travels

C. traveling

解析:这里考查的是进行时的用法,be动词在此和traveling一起构成进行时态,和其它的词不能放在一起使用。所以,这里只有答案C是对的。

()23. -- I think the parks are lovely.

-- So ______ I.

A. am

B. do

C. have

解析:这个小对话在形考作业2中有介绍,请查看相关题。

() 24. _________ wine do you need for the party?

A. How much

B. How little

C. How many

解析:这道题在作业1和作业2中均有介绍,请查看相关题。

()25. When __________ for London?

A.is she flying

B.she flies

C.she is going to fly

解析:在这里考查的是疑问句的构成,即疑问词+助动词+主语+谓语动词。在答案里只有答案A 符合要求。因此选择A。

第三部分句型变换(15分)

26-30小题:根据括号里的提示改写下列句子。(每小题3分,共15分)

26.He always works on Tuesday. (改为一般疑问句)

Does he always work on Tuesday?

27. I have to work every evening. (改为否定句)

I don’t have to work every evening.

28. My computer is working. (改为否定句)

My computer isn’t working.

29. The meal will take two hours. (用how long对划线部分提问)

How long will the meal take?

30. The flat costs 500 pounds a month. (用how much对划线部分提问)

How much does the flat cost a month?

第四部分阅读理解(20分)

31一35小题:阅读下列短文,并根据短文内容判断其后的句子是正确(Right),还是错误(Wrong)。并将答案写在各题前的()中。(每题2分,共10分)

David:OK, the interviews are on Friday. This is the shortlist of candidates for the job --- there are four people.

Xiaoyan: Looking at their application forms, there are some very good people here with a lot of skills.

The advertisement in the newspaper was good.

David:This one looks very intelligent. His CV says he was at Harvard and Bristol universities. Y es, they are all young and experienced.

Mark:Any attractive!

David:Do you mean good-looking in their photos, or attractive personality?

Mark:Personality, of course! We want someone relaxed and easy-going as well as bright.

David:Y es,we’re a small team, so to be friendly is important.

Xiaoyan: As well as personality, the important skills are web-design, website management, training skills and French, am I right?

()31. The interviews last two days.

A. Right.

B. Wrong.

()32. There are four people on the shortlist of candidates.

A. Right.

B. Wrong

( )33. A candidate’s personality is more important than his or her skills.

A. Right.

B. Wrong.

()34. All four candidates were at Harvard and Bristol Universities.

A. Right.

B. Wrong.

()35. The team are looking for people with four skills: web-design, website management, training skills and French.

A. Right

B. Wrong.

36-40小题:阅读下列短文,从A、B、C三个选项中选出一个正确答案,并将答案写在各题前的()中。(共计10分,每小题2分)

Let me tell you about my new job. It’s great. I work for Centre Company. They have an office in

London. I am the Deputy Marketing Manager. I am in charge of newspaper advertisements. Currently I am writing advertisements for the local newspapers, and I am visiting our customers to introduce myself.

I like working here, but I don’t like travelling by tube. It’s too busy! We start work at nine o’clock. There are some very nice colleagues, and I often eat lunch with them in the canteen. Lunch is from one o’clock to two o’clock. Then I finish work at 6 o’clock. My brother works near my office. He is in insurance, and sometimes we have a drink in the pub in the evening – but at the moment he is having a holiday in Scotland.

()36. The writer _______ new job.

A. doesn’t like his

B. likes his

C. is looking for a

()37. The writer works in __________.

A. insurance

B. marketing

C. computers

()38. The writer works for about ________ on weekdays.

A. 8 hours

B. 9 hours

C. 10 hours

()39. The writer thinks the tube is too ________.

A. noisy

B. slow

C. busy

()40. The writer and his brother ____________.

A. sometimes see each other

B. never see each other

C. see each other every day

第五部分翻译(10分)

41一45小题:将下列句子翻译成汉语。(共计15分,每小题3分)

41.I go swimming once a week.

我一周游一次泳。

42. Which museum do you want to go?

你想去哪家博物馆?

43. She is less interested in computers than I am.

她比我更不喜欢计算机。/她比我对计算机更不感兴趣。

44. Could you open that bottle, please?

请你打开那个瓶子好吗?

45. The weather in Beijing is the same as the weather in New Y ork.

北京的天气和纽约的天气一样。