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最新中考英语语法填空试题集经典

最新中考英语语法填空试题集经典

一、初三中考语法填空(含答案详细解析)

1.语法填空

I recently heard a story about a famous scientist. Because of his great achievements, he was thought to be more creative than the common person. When he ________(ask)why he was able to do this, he gave the answer. It all came from an experience with his mother when he was about three years old." I ________(try)to get a bottle of milk from the fridge when I dropped the bottle and it fell. spilling(滋出)the milk all over the floor-a sea of milk!I was frightened and I didn't know what to do!" he said.

His mother heard the noise and got into the kitchen. "I ________(consider)how to explain all this to you. Mum." he said. Instead of ________him, she said. "Robert, what a great mess you have made! I ________(not see)such a huge sea of milk before! Well, since the milk has already been spilled, would you like ________(play)in the milk for a while? We ________(clean)it up after that." Then, he did so. After a few minutes. His mother said. "You know. Robert. whenever you ________a mess like this, finally you have to clean it up." He used a sponge(海绵)and together they cleaned up the spilled milk.

His mother then said. "You know, we ________how to successfully carry a big milk bottle with two tiny hands just now. Let's go to the yard and fill the bottle with water to see if you ________(discover)a way to carry it." Then the little boy learned that if he grasped (抓紧)the bottle at the top with both hands, he could carry it without dropping it.

What a wonderful lesson!

【答案】was asked;was trying;am considering;punishing;haven't seen;to play;will clean;make;failed;can discover

【解析】【分析】大意:本文讲述一位著名科学家的故事,作者从冰箱里拿牛奶时,不小心把奶瓶掉下地了,牛奶溅到到处都是,但是他妈妈并没有因此惩罚他,而是借此教育了他,他学会了如果他抓紧瓶子顶部,他便可以把它拿起而不会掉下它。

(1)句意:当他被问为什么他会这样做,他给了答案。根据was,可知用过去时,ask 问,he和ask之间是被动关系,用过去时的被动语态,其结构为be+过去分词,主语是he,be动词用was,ask的过去分词是asked,故填was asked。

(2)句意:我正在努力从冰箱里拿一瓶牛奶的时候,突然我落下的瓶子,并且它掉了下来。此处表示我正在努力去牛奶的时候,恰好这时另一件事发生了,主句用过去将来时,主语是I,be动词用was,故填was trying。

(3)句意:他说“妈妈,我正在考虑怎样向你解释整个这件事。”consider考虑,动词,他妈妈金厨房时,他正在考虑怎样向妈妈解释,直接引语用现在进行时,其结构为be+现在分词,主语是I,be动词用am,consider的现在分词是considering,故填am considering。(4)句意:没有惩罚他,她说。“罗伯特,你搞得多么乱啊!我以前没有看见如此多的牛奶。根据常识,一般弄掉了牛奶,应该会受到惩罚,但是主人公的母亲并没有惩罚他,punish惩罚,动词,instead of后接动名词,punish的动名词是punishing,故填punishing。

(5)句意:没有惩罚他,她说。“罗伯特,你搞得多么乱啊!我以前没有看见如此多的牛奶。see看见,描述过去的动作对现在造成影响,用现在完成时,其结构为have+过去分词,根据not,可知用否定句,主语是I,构成否定句要借助助动词haven't,see的过去分词是seen,故填haven't seen。

(6)句意:因为牛奶已经被溅出,你想玩一会儿牛奶吗?would like to do sth想做某事,play玩,故填to play。

(7)句意:我们然后将会把它打扫干净。描述将要发生的事情,用一般将来时,其结构为will+动词原形,clean打扫,故填will clean。

(8)句意:无论什么时候你向这样搞得乱七八糟,最终你必须打扫干净。make a mess搞得乱七八糟,固定搭配,描述客观事实,用一般现在时,主语是you,动词用原形,故填make。

(9)句意:他妈妈然后说。”你知道,我们刚才不能用两个小手成功的拿两个大奶瓶。由于寻找拿奶瓶的方法,可知不能用小手拿起奶瓶,用fail,失败,fail to do sth不能做某事/失败做某事,根据just now可知,用一般过去时,fail的过去式是failed,故填failed。(10)句意:我们一起去院子里用水装满这个瓶子看是否你能发现一种拿它的方法。用水填瓶子的目的是看是否可以发现拿它的方法,discover发现,can可以,能,此次用can discover,可以发现,故填can discover。

【点评】考查语法填空。首先理解文章大意,答题的过程中,注意考虑句型、语法、搭配、语境等因素,最后得出正确的答案。

2.语法填空

最新中考英语语法填空试题集经典

The Leaning Tower of Pisa is a bell tower. It is famous for ________tilt (倾斜) 1o one side. Located behind the Cathedral of Pisa, the tower ________ (become) a symbol of Italy. It is one of ________ oldest buildings in Pisa's Cathedral Square.

The tower was not designed to lean, ________ because people built it on soft soils it gradually tilted to one side. Even though some people don't think the tower is a ________ (success)building because of its tit, the tower has won a special place in history. The tower has also been used for experiments by the famous Italian scientist ________ (call) Galileo Galilei.

Every year, ________ (million)of tourists flock to the tower to take the classic photo pretending(假装) to hold up or knock down the tower. Tourists can also climb the 294 steps to the top inside the tower. There are seven ________ (bell) on top of it. It is said that you must visit the Leaning Tower of Pisa during the day. At night the shops are closed and it looks just so-so. However, if you visit it on a full moon night, the tower ________ (look) fantastic.

When you plan ________ (visit)Leaning Tower of Pisa, you should not miss some other sights near it, including Santa Maria della Spina and the Guelph Tower.

【答案】 its;has become;the;but;successful;called;millions;bells;looks;to visit 【解析】【分析】文章大意:文章介绍了意大利著名的比萨斜塔,它位于比萨大教堂后面。一开始设计的时候并不是斜的,因为地基的原因,慢慢向一侧倾斜。虽然人们认为这不是一个成功的建筑,但是在历史上赢得了特殊的历史地位。意大利著名科学家伽利略层在塔山做过著名的落地实验。每年有成百万的游客来这里旅游,拍照。

(1)句意:它因向一侧倾斜而著名。根据句意可知,这里的倾斜指塔本身的倾斜,使用与主语一致的物主代词its,故答案是its。

(2)句意:位于比萨大教堂的后面的斜塔成为了意大利的象征。我们知道它已经成为了意大利的象征了,因此使用现在完成时,现在完成时的结构是have/has+过去分词。主语the tower为第三人称单数,助动词使用has,故答案是has become。

(3)句意:它是比萨大教堂广场最古老的建筑之一。oldest为形容词最高级,形容词最高级前使用定冠词the,故答案是the。

(4)句意:塔不是设计的时候就是斜的,但是因为人们把它建筑在软的土地上,慢慢地就向一边倾斜。一开始设计的不是斜的,现在成为斜的了,与设计本身不符,因此使用转折词but连接,故答案是but。

(5)句意:即使人们因为倾斜不认为这是成功的建筑,但是它却在历史上赢得了特殊的地位。success作定语修饰building,因此使用形容词successful,故答案是successful。(6)句意:这座塔也曾被意大利科学家伽利略用来做实验。call以及后面的Galileo Galilei 作后置定语修饰scientist,意思为被叫做,因此使用过去分词called,故答案是called。(7)句意:每年,成百万的人游客聚集在塔前拍着经典照片,假装支撑着它,或者把它推倒。millions of固定短语,成百万的,故答案是millions。

(8)句意:塔顶有七个钟。bell钟,可数名词,根据seven可知应使用复数形式,故答案是bells。

(9)句意:然而,如果你在满月的时候去看斜塔,它看起来很迷人。本句为一般性的叙述,应使用一般现在时,主语the tower是第三人称单数,谓语使用三单形式looks,故答案是looks。

(10)句意:当你计划参观比萨斜塔时,被忘了欣赏附近其他的风光。plan to do sth.计划做某事,固定搭配,故答案是to visit。

【点评】考查词汇在篇章中的运用能力,答题时首先要跳过空格通读文章掌握其大意,然后细读文章,字斟句酌逐一作答,注意考虑句型、语法、搭配、语境等因素。最后通读一遍,检查验证。

3.阅读下面短文,在空白处填人适当的内容(不多于3个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

According to a study, about 85% of Grade 11 students in Canada have their own mobile phones. About 52% of Grade 7 students and 24% of Grade 4 students also carry mobile phones.

In many schools, students must turn off their mobile phones and leave ________ in their schoolbags during school hours. Some schools even don't allow students ________ (take)mobile phones to school.

Do you know why these schools don't want students to use mobile phones at school? One of the main ________ (reason)is that mobile phones can distract(使分心)students ________ their study.

Many of these mobile phones are "smartphones", and they can be ________ (use) to surf the Internet, send text messages, play games, take ________ (photo) and listen to music. Mr. Jackson says, "Many teachers like me are also ________ (worry) that students will use mobile phones to cheat (作弊) in tests, or to record videos of teachers or other students and post them online."

________, some people have different opinions. They think mobile phones are ________ (use)at school. Students can use them in class ________ (watch)educational videos online. Mobile phones can be especially useful in the schools where there aren't enough computers. What's more, some parents want to be able to reach their children during the day. They want their children to take mobile phones all the time.

【答案】them;to take;reasons;from;used;photos;worried;However;useful;to watch

【解析】【分析】文章大意:短文谈论了学生在学校带手机的问题,有人主张不允许带手机,二另一部分人认为应该带,可以帮助孩子们学习。

(1)句意:在许多学校,学生必须关闭手机,并把手机放在书包里。空缺处指代的是mobile phones,在句中做宾语,因此使用宾格人称代词them,故答案是them。

(2)句意:一些学校甚至不允许学生带手机去学校。allow sb. to do sth.允许某人做某事,固定搭配,应使用动词不定式,故答案是to

take。

(3)句意:一个主要的原因就是手机使学生对于学习分心。reason原因,可数名词,在one of结构中,应使用复数形式,故答案是reasons。

(4)句意:一个主要的原因就是手机使学生对于学习分心。distract sb. from sth.分散某人对于某物的注意力,固定搭配,故答案是from。

(5)句意:许多手机是智能手机,他们能用来上网,发短信,玩游戏或者拍照。本句为被动语态,在被动语态中,动词使用过去分词,故答案是used。

(6)句意:许多手机是智能手机,他们能用来上网,发短信,玩游戏或者拍照。take photos拍照,固定搭配,故答案是photos。

(7)句意:许多像我一样的老师担心学生在考试中用手机作弊,或者给老师或者学生录像,并上传到网上。are后跟形容词worried作表语,故答案是worried。

(8)句意:然而,一些人有不同的观点。后面陈述的与前面陈述的意思是不一致的,应是只用转折词,因为在句首,因此使用however,注意首字母要大写,故答案是However。

(9)句意:他们认为手机在学校有用。be动词后需要使用形容词作表语,因此将use改为useful,故答案是useful。

(10)句意:学生可以在课上观看教学视频。看视频是使用手机的目的,应使用动词不定式做目的状语。故答案是to watch。

【点评】考查词汇在语篇中的运用能力,答题时首先要跳过空格通读文章掌握大意,然后

细读文章字斟句酌逐一作答,注意考虑句型、语法、搭配、语境等因素,最后通读一遍检查验证。

4.阅读下面短文,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于3个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

In Britain you aren't allowed ________ (drive) a car until you are seventeen. You have to get a special driving license ________ you can drive, When you're learning, someone with a full license always has to be in the car ________ you. You aren't allowed to drive the car on the road alone.

You don't have to go to a driving school. A friend can teach you. The person who teaches you isn't allowed to take money ________ the lesson unless he has got a teacher s license.

You have to take a ________ (drive) test to have a full license. If you don't pass the test, you will be allowed to take it again a few weeks later if you want to. In 1970, a woman passed her ________ (forty)test after 212 driving lessons! When you have passed your test, you are allowed to go on driving as long ________ you like, if you are ________ (health). Britain's ________ (old) driver was a man who drove in 1974 at the age of 100. Before 1904, everyone was allowed to drive, even ________ (child). From then on car drivers must have licenses.

【答案】 to drive;before;with;for;driving;fortieth;as;healthy;oldest;children 【解析】【分析】本文介绍了英国在开车上路之前考取驾照的情况。

(1)句意:在英国,直到17岁你才被允许开车。be allowed to do,固定搭配,允许做某事,故此处是不定式,故填 to drive。

(2)句意:你必须得到一张特殊的驾驶执照才能开车。根据常识,开车前要考驾照,之前before,故填before。

(3)句意:当你学习的时候,一个有驾照的人总是必须在你的车里和你在一起。根据has to be in the car可知是和某人在车里,是介词,with,故填with。

(4)句意:除非有教师执照,否则教你的人不允许为了钱上课。for,介词表示目的,为了,故填for。

(5)句意:必须参加驾驶考试才能获得驾照。test是名词其前是形容词,此处是动名词做定语,表示用途,故填driving。

(6)句意:1970年,一名女子经过212节驾驶课,通过了第40次考试!根据限定词her 可知此处是序数词,forty是基数词,fortieth是序数词,故填fortieth。

(7)句意:如果你健康,当你通过考试后,只要你喜欢你可以继续驾驶。as long as,固定搭配,只要,故填as。

(8)句意:如果你健康,当你通过考试后,只要你喜欢你可以继续驾驶。are系动词后是形容词,health是名词,healthy是系动词,故填healthy。

(9)句意:英国最老的司机是1974年100岁时开车的人。driver是名词其前是形容词,此处根据100岁可知是最老的司机,用形容词最高级,故填oldest。

(10)句意:1904年以前,每个人都被允许开车,甚至是小孩。此处是名词复数表示泛指,child的复数是children,故填children。

【点评】考查语法填空,注意非谓语动词,词性,连词搭配等多种用法。

5.阅读下面短文,在空白处填入一个适当的词,或填入括号中所给单词的正确形式。

An old man went to India. When he got there, he saw some fruit for sale, but most of it was very cheap. The ________ (cheap) thing has a basket of red fruit.

"How much per kilo?" the old man ________ (ask).

"Two rupees (卢比)," the shopkeeper answered. Two rupees in India is almost nothing, ________ the old man bought a whole kilogram and started eating it.

However, as soon as he started eating, his mouth began ________ (burn), his eyes began to water, and his whole face became as red ________ the fruit. As he coughed and struggled to breathe, he jumped up and ________, screaming: "Ah! Ah! Ah!"

And yet he continued to eat the fruit. Some people who were looking at him shook their ________ (head) and said, "You are crazy! Those are chili peppers (辣椒)!You can't just eat them by the handful!"

The old man said to ________ (he),"I paid for them, so I must eat them."

This old man seemed pretty stupid. But are we so much smarter? All of us have ________ (spend)money and time on something-maybe a relationship, or a business, or a job-and sometimes, even if we know there's no hope that things will change, we still continue with it. What we can learn ________ the old man is this: if you've lost a lot over something that doesn't work, let it go and move on. It's better than continuing to lose.

【答案】cheapest;asked;so;to burn /burning;as;down;heads;himself;spent;from

【解析】【分析】文章大意:这篇短文主要讲述了一个人因为贪便宜,买了一些根本不能作为水果的辣椒。结果因为舍不得自己花的那些钱,坚持把它们吃完的故事。从而告诉我们放弃某些东西比继续损失要好。

(1)句意:最便宜的东西有一篮子红水果。cheap,便宜。根据上文语句but most of it was very cheap. 提示可知,此句应该用最高级,故填cheapest。

(2)句意:“每公斤多少钱?”老人问。ask,询问,由语句 An old man went to India. 提示可知此句要用一般过去时,故填asked。

(3)句意:所以这位老人买了整整一公斤,开始吃。语句the old man bought a whole kilogram and started eating it.是Two rupees in India is almost nothing, 的结果,故填so。(4)句意:然而,他一开始吃东西,嘴巴就开始燃烧。burn,燃烧;固定结构begin to do sth,开始做某事,故填to burn/burning。

(5)句意:整个脸变得像水果一样红。固定结构as…as,与……一样,故填as。

(6)句意:他跳上跳下,尖叫着:“啊!啊!“啊!”固定短语,jump up and down,跳上跳下,故填down。

(7)句意:有些人看着他,摇摇头说:“你疯了!head,头,因前面some people,要用复数形式,故填heads。

(8)句意:老人自言自语道:“我付了钱,所以我必须吃。”固定短语,say to oneself,因主语是he,故填himself。

(9)句意:我们所有人都把时间和金钱花在了一些事情上。spend,花费,动词。因前面有助动词have,其后要用过去分词,故填spent。

(10)句意:我们可以从这位老人身上学到的是……。固定短语,learn from sb,向某人学习,故填from。

【点评】考查语法填空。通读全文理解大意,然后根据上下文或者所给单词的提示对所缺部分进行逐一解答。

6.阅读下面短文,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于3个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

Ernest Hemingway, the son of a doctor and a music teacher, was born in 1899 in Oak Park, Illinois. Hemingway's father________(teach) him early on how to hunt and fish, two activities Hemingway loved throughout his life. Instead of ________(go) to college, Hemingway became a reporter for the Kansas City Star.

Later, in Europe, he worked as a driver ________ the Italian army until he was wounded and shipped home, where he again wrote for newspapers. Two years ________, he moved to Paris, where he hoped to improve his writing. There he became friends with other ________(America) writers, including

Gertrude Stein and F. Scott Fitzgerald.

Hemingway developed ________ style of writing that was simple and direct. He chose words sparingly(俭省地), avoided using adjectives, and trusted the reader to understand ________(mean) of his writing. As he put it, "I always try ________(write) on the principle(原则)of the iceberg(冰山). There is seven eighths of it under water for every part that shows. "This style continues to influence Writers today. In his career(生涯), which lasted some 40 years, Hemingway earned the Pulitzer Prize and the Nobel Prize. He was one of the finest writers of the________(twenty) century.

For a while Emest Hemingway lived in Key West, Florida, where he had nearly 50 cats. One of them was a cat with six toes(脚趾), which a ship's captain had given him. Today his Key West home is a museum, and many cats still live there. Some of them are ________(child)of Hemingway's six-toed cat. Hemingway was married four times and had three sons. He died in 1961.

【答案】 taught;going;for;later;American;a;meaning;to write;twentieth;children 【解析】【分析】本文介绍了海明威及其写作风格。

(1)句意:海明威的父亲很早就教他如何打猎和钓鱼。描述过去用一般过去时,teach的过去式是taught,故填 taught。

(2)句意:海明威没有去上大学,而是成了《堪萨斯城明星报》的记者。of是介词其后是动名词,故填going。

(3)句意:后来,在欧洲,他在意大利军队当司机,直到他受伤并被运回家,在那里他再次为报纸写作。work for,固定搭配,为……工作,故填for。

(4)句意:四年后,他搬到巴黎,希望在那里提高写作水平。时间段+later,……之后,故填later。

(5)句意:在那里,他和其他美国作家成了朋友。writers是名词其前是形容词做定语,America是名词,American是形容词,故填 American。

(6)句意:海明威形成了一种简单直接的写作风格。style是名词单数,以辅音音素开头,故用不定冠词a表示泛指,故填a。

(7)句意:他谨慎地选择词语,避免使用形容词,并相信读者能理解他作品的意思。understand后是动名词做宾语,故填 meaning。

(8)句意:我总是试图用冰山的原理写作。try to do,固定搭配,尝试做某事,故填to write 。

(9)句意:他是20世纪最优秀的作家之一。根据定冠词the可知,此处是序数词,twenty是基数词,twentieth是序数词,故填twentieth。

(10)句意:其中一些是海明威六趾猫的孩子。根据are,可知表语是名词复数,child的复数是children,故填children。

【点评】考查语法填空,注意谓语的时态,非谓语动词,词性,介词搭配等多种用法。

7.

阅读下面的材料,在空白处填入一个适当的词,或填入括号内所给单词的正确形式(每空最多不超过三个单词)

A king had two sons and asked famous teachers to teach them. After a few ________(year), the king fell badly ill. So he wanted to choose one of his sons as the next king, but which one would be the right person? He thought it over ________ a whole night. At last, he decided ________ (test) his sons.

One day, he gave a room to each of ________ (they), You must fill the room completely (完全地)with anything you wish. But there should ________ (be)no space left and you can't ask for advice from anyone!"

The next day the king ________(visit) his elder son's room. The room was completely filled with grass. The king felt sorry about it. Then he went to ________other room, but it was closed. His ________ (young)son asked him to get in and closed the door again. It was dark everywhere, so the king shouted at him ________ (angry), But suddenly the second son lighted a candle and the room was full of light. The king felt very excited and hugged him proudly. He realized: Wisdom(智慧) is more important than simple answers ________ are easy to get.

【答案】 years;for;to test;them;be;visited;the;younger;angrily;which/that

【解析】【分析】文章大意:国王有两个儿子,让著名的老师教他们,几年后,国王生病了,想找到一个聪明的王位继承人,让他两个儿子用自己想到的东西把房间填满,第二天分别去了两个儿子的房间,很高兴地拥抱了二儿子,他意识到智慧比简单的答案更重要。(1)句意:几年后,国王病的很严重。a few一些,后跟可数名词的复数形式,因此使用year的复数,故答案是years。

(2)句意:他仔细考虑了整整一个晚上。 a whole night是时间段,引出时间段的是介词for,故答案是for。

(3)句意:最后,他决定测试一下他的儿子。decide to do sth.,决定做某事,因此使用动词不定式,故答案是to test。

(4)句意:一天,他给了他们每人一个房间。of是介词,介词后使用宾格人称代词,将they改为them,故答案是them。

(5)句意:但是不应该有空间剩下,不能向任何人请求建议。本句为there be句式,should是情态动词,情态动词后使用动词原形,故答案是be。

(6)句意:第二天,国王参观了他的大儿子的房间。本文的基本时态是一般过去时,因此本句为一般过去时,应使用visit的过去式visited,故答案是visited。

(7)句意:于是他去了另一个房间。国王有两个儿子,分别对两人或者两件事进行描述,应使用短语one…the other…,一个……另一个……,故答案是the。

(8)句意:他的小儿子让他进去。又把门关住了。因为国王有两个儿子,先去的是大儿子的房间,后去的应该是小儿子的房间,大与小是相对的,因此都应使用比较级,故答案是younger。

(9)句意:到处都很黑,国王生气地冲着他喊叫。angry修饰动词shouted,应使用副词形式angrily,故答案是angrily。

(10)句意:智慧比容易得到的答案更重要。本句为定语从句,先形式是answers,因此关系代词使用that或者which,故答案是which/that。

【点评】考查词汇在篇章中的运用能力,答题时首先要跳过空格通读文章掌握其大意,然后细读文章,字斟句酌逐一作答,注意考虑句型、语法、搭配、语境等因素。最后通读一遍,检查验证。

8.阅读下面短文,根据语境、音标或所给单词的提示,在每个空格内填入一个适当的词,要求所填的词意义准确,使短文意思完整、行文连贯。

When I was in the middle school, I got into an argument with a boy in my class. The teacher ________(decide) to teach us a very important lesson.

She brought us up to the front of the ________ ['kla:sru:m]and placed him on one side of her desk and________on the other. In the middle of her desk was a large, round object. I could ________(hard)see that it was black. She asked the boy what color the object was. "White," he________[' a:nsa(r)d]

I couldn't________[b?'li?v] he said the object was white, when it was clearly black! Another argument started between my classmate and me, this time about the________of the object.

The teacher told me to stand where the boy was standing and told him to come stand where I had been. We changed________(place), and now she asked me what the color of the object was. I had to answer, "White."

It was an object with two differently colored sides, and from his viewpoint (视角)it was________. Only from my side it was black.

I have always remembered the lesson I learned that day. Sometimes we need to look at the problem from the other ________(person)viewpoint in order to truly understand his/her view.

【答案】decided;classroom;me;easily;answered;believe;color;places;white;

person's

【解析】【分析】本文介绍了作者明白的认识道理,我们需要从别人的角度来看待问题,以便真正理解他的观点。

(1)句意:老师决定给我们上一节很重要的课。根据When I was in the middle school可知时态是一般过去时,故填 decided。

(2)句意:她把我们带到教室前面根据,定冠词the后是名词,['kla:sru:m]是classroom,教室,是名词,故填 classroom。

(3)句意:让他在桌子的一边,我在另一边,在她的桌子中间有一个很大的圆形物体。此处是placed的并列宾语,故用宾格,此处指代作者,故用第一人称单数,me,是代词,我,故填me。

(4)句意:我很容易看出它是黑色的。根据it was black可知这个结果是很显然的,故此处是轻松地,副词修饰动词,hard,是副词,困难地,easily,是副词,故填 easily。(5)句意:“白色,”他回答。描述过去用一般过去时,[' a:nsa(r)d]answered,是动词过去式,故填 answered。

(6)句意:我真不敢相信他说那东西是白色的。根据,couldn't是情态动词,其后是动词原形,[b?'li?v] believe,是动词,相信,故填 believe。

(7)句意:另一个争论开始于我和我的同学之间,这次是关于物体的颜色。根据上下文的白色和黑色可知,是谈论颜色,the定冠词后是名词,color,是名词,故填 color。(8)句意:我们换了地方。此处缺少宾语,故是名词,表示彼此的位置,是复数,place 是名词,故填 places。

(9)句意:这是一个两面颜色不同的物体,在他看来是白色的。系动词is后是形容词,根据上文我真不敢相信他说那东西是白色的,可知这个位置看是白色的,white,是形容词,故填 white。

(10)句意:我一直记得那天的教训有时我们需要从别人的角度来看待问题,以便真正理解他/她的观点。viewpoint是名词,person是名词,故此处是名词所有格,故填person's。

【点评】考查语法填空,注意谓语的时态,词性,所有格,和所给单词的读音等多种用法。

9.阅读下面短文,在空白处填入一个适当的词,或填入括号中所给单词的正确形式。

Nowadays, with the development of Internet technology, two-dimensional code (二维码) is very popular among us. It's also ________ (call)quick response code (QR code). It's a group of black square dots on a white background. This special code was invented ________ a Japanese company in 1994. It's ________ (wide) used all over the world.

QR code is used ________ (store) information. It can also store pictures. It is easy to use a QR code. If you want to get the information, just take out your cellphone and scan (扫描) the code by a special app, and then you can get ________ easily.

Today, QR codcs are popular in China. There are QR codes on televisions and the Internet. The codes have been used and printed on Chinese train tickets ________ 2010. When a machine

scans the code on the ticket, information of the ticket owner and the train ________ (appear)on the screen in a few seconds.

QR codes have many special uses. For example, in 2008, ________ Japanese company planned to put QR codes on gravestones (墓碑). By scanning the code, visitors could get information about the departed (去世的)person. Recently, special cards ________ QR codes were introduced to old people in some cities in China. If they get ________ (lose), people can know about their names, addresses and telephone numbers of their family members by scanning the codes.

【答案】 called;by;widely;to store;it;since;will appear;a;with;lost

【解析】【分析】本文讲述了二维码的应用。

(1)句意:它也叫做快速响应码。根据call与主语是被动关系,已有助动词is,故此处是过去分词,故填called。

(2)句意:这种特殊代码是1994年一家日本公司发明的。根据was invented是被动语态可知用介词by,被,故填by。

(3)句意:全世界都广泛地使用它。副词修饰动词used,widely是副词,故填widely。

(4)句意:二维码码用于储存信息。 be used to do,被用来做某事,故此处是不定式,故填to store。

(5)句意:那么你可以很容易地得到信息。information是不可数名词,故此处用it指代,做宾语,故填it。

(6)句意:自从2010年以来,这些代码已经被使用并印在中国火车票上。根据The codes have been used可知时态是现在完成时,since+时间点2010,是现在完成时的标志,故填since。

(7)句意:当机器扫描火车票上的代码时,几秒钟后火车票所有者和火车的信息就会出现在屏幕上。when引导的时间状语从句,时态是主将从现,故此处的主句是将来时will+动词原形,故填will appear。

(8)句意:例如,2008年,一家日本公司计划在墓碑上贴二维码。Japanese是名词单数,用辅音音素开头,故用不定冠词a,表示泛指,故填a。

(9)句意:近年来,我国部分城市向老年人推出了二维码专用卡。此处缺少介词,做后置定语,根据 special cards 和 QR codes可知是一种携带关系,with,有……,故填with。(10)句意:如果他们迷路了,人们可以通过扫描密码知道他们的家庭成员的姓名、地址和电话号码。get lost,迷路,固定搭配,故填lost。

【点评】考查语法填空,注意适当调整词性,时态和介词等用法。

10.阅读下面短文,根据语境、音标或所给单词的提示,在每个空格内填入一个恰当的词,要求所填的词意义准确、形式正确,使短文意思完整、行文连贯。

最新中考英语语法填空试题集经典

Dear readers,

Once, I had to call the firefighters to put out a fire. I still remember how fast it made my heart beat, ________it was a small fire. I was glad and thankful when the firefighters put it out________(quick).

Firefighters help in all kinds of sudden serious and________(danger) events or situations. I saw firefighters carrying people from their flooded homes while________(watch)the news today. Often, they are the first helpers when________accident happens. Some firefighters train to help people and pets that fall into frozen lakes. To prepare for real-life rescue like this one, they must practice putting________ice suits, working with ropes, and using hand signals to communicate. If you want to learn more about these________(/bre?v/) men and women, read the article

Danger! Rescue on Thin Ice.

Where would we be without the first helpers? Maybe you'll ________(/dЗэ?un/)me this month in finding a way to thank them. Giving a card, a drawing, or a plate of cookies to your local fire________(/'ste??n/)could be the start of a new tradition for your families and our________(hero)will be thankful for it.

Happy holidays!

Your friend,

Christine 【答案】 though/although;quickly;dangerous;watching;an;on;brave;join;station;heroes

【解析】【分析】(1)句意:我仍然记得它使我的心跳得有多快,尽管那是个小火。根据两句话的意思是转折,故填 though/although 。

(2)句意:当消防员迅速扑灭时,我很高兴也很感激。被填的的词修饰动词词组put out,应用副词, quick 的副词 quickly。故填 quickly。

(3)句意:消防员在各种突发的严重和危险事件或情况中提供帮助。名词events or situations 事件或情况前用形容词, danger 的形容词 dangerous ,故填 dangerous 。

(4)句意:我今天看到消防员从被淹的房子里抬着人看新闻。固定搭配while doing当做某事的时候, watch的现在分词 watching,故填 watching 。

(5)句意:当事故发生时,他们往往是第一批帮助者。可数名词单数前应用a/an,a用在辅音读音开头的的单词前,an用在元音读音开头的的单词前;故填an。

(6)句意:他们必须练习穿上冰衣。固定搭配,put on,穿上,故填on。

(7)句意:如果你想更多地了解这些勇敢的男人和女人,读这篇文章。根据音标/bre?v/可知是 brave勇敢的,故填 brave 。

(8)句意:也许这个月你会和我一起感谢他们。根据音标/dЗэ?un/ 可知应是 join,加入,故填 join 。

(9)句意:送一张卡片,一张画,或者一盘饼干到当地的消防站可能是你的家人新传统的开始。根据音标/'ste??n/,可知是station,站,故填 station 。

(10)句意:我们的英雄会感激它的。根据上文helpers 是复数,他们是英雄, hero的复数是heroes ,故填 heroes 。

【点评】本题考查单词在语境中的运用,需要根据单词在语境中的词性进行必要的变形,同时熟记固定搭配和基本句型。