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英语国际音标常见字母组合发音规律(通用)

英语国际音标常见字母组合发音规律

单元音:(12个)

1、/ i:/ 1、字母e在开音节中:be, he, we, these, metre, relay, recycle, eve

2、字母i的特殊发音:police, machine

3、字母组合ee :sweep, between, agree, sleep, seen, feel, feed, cheese, keeper, bee, see,

tree, three

4、字母组合ea:please, (New) Zealand, weak, leaf, wheat, bleat, dream, disease, beach,

least, tea, seat, read

5、字母组ie :field, believe, thief, piece

6、字母组ei :receive

7、字母组ey:key

8、字母组合e-e:Pete, mete, these, Chinese

2、/ ? / 1、字母a在弱读中:village, passage, palace, necklace, encourage

2、字母e在弱读中:ticket, basket, behind, enjoy, business, subject, refuse, repair, replay,

forest, toilet, wallet, racket, pocket, result,

3、字母i在闭音节中:bring, did, ill, pick, fifty, English, ticket, village, picnic, pumpkin,

tourist, riddle, it, is, six, this

4、字母i的特殊发音:practice, opposite, practice, cousin, rabbit 但possible发音为/ ? /

5、字母i在“ve”前:live, give

6、字母u的特殊发音:busy, business

7、字母组合ai 弱读:mountain, captain

8、字母组合ie:cookie

9、字母组合ay 弱读:Sunday, Monday

10、字母组合ey :monkey, money

11、字母y 弱读:sorry, baby, lucky, any, very, study, fifty

3、/ e / 1、字母a的特殊发音:many, any

2、字母e在闭音节中“e”发短音:bell, left, leg, when, went, check, invent, unless, collect

3、字母组合ea :bread, heavy, head, ready, death, already, instead, feather, leather, weather

4、/ ? /1、字母a在闭音节中:that, ladder, matter, man, rabbit, panda, bank, channel, cat, cap,

back

2、字母a在“ve”前:have

5、/ ?:/ 1、字母组合or在字母“w”后:work, word, world, worse, worth, worker

2、字母组合er在重读音节中:her, German, term, thermos, prefer, person, serve, nervous

3、字母组合ir:girl, bird, third, circle, shirt, skirt

4、字母组合ur:turn, nurse, disturb, surf, Thursday

5、字母组合ear:heard, earth, early, year, learn, search

6、/ ? / 1、字母a在弱读:banana, England, elephant, animal, another, madam, several, probably,

human, island, machine, comfortable

2、字母e在弱读中:broken, moment, even, accident, happen, quarrel

3、字母o在弱读中:conductor, opposite, tonight, melon, police, produce, collect, protect, pollute

4、字母u弱读中:unless, suppose, success

5、字母组合ou:famous, nervous

6、字母组合or在弱读中:forget

7、字母组合er做后缀时:under, teacher, ruler, brother, sister, father, mother, supper

8、字母组合er在弱读中:concert, western, desert, shepherd

7、/ɑ:/ 1、字母a在字母“n”前:dance, can’t, shan’t, France, answer, chance, banana

2、字母a在字母“s”“ss”前:ask, past, basket, class, glass, last, grass, basketball

3、字母a在“th”前:father, rather, path

4、字母组合ar:hard, car, large, bookmark, mark, regard, barn, chart, cart, hard, garden,

park

5、字母组合al特殊发音:half

6、字母组合au特殊发音:laugh

7、字母组合are:are

8、字母组合ea r:heart

8、/ ? / 1、字母o在“m, n, th”前:come, some, front, month, son, Monday, monkey, money,

another, brother, mother, nothing, other, none, wonder 但tomb / u:/

2、字母o特殊发音:does, love, among, colour, discover

3、字母u在闭音节中:must, sun, duck, uncle, puzzle, nut, dumpling, conductor, fun,

butter, club, cup, much

4、字母组合ou / ? /:trouble, young, double, country, cousin, rough, encourage, tough

5、字母组合oo / ? / 特殊发:blood, flood

9、/?:/1、字母组合ough /?:/:bought, thought

2、字母组合or 的一般发音:for, short, boring, storm, corn, corner, order, important, nor,

horse, forty, morning

3、字母组合ar /?:/ 在字母“w”或音标/w/后:war, quarter, towards

4、字母组合al /?:/ 一般发音:wall, tall, ball, fall, hall

【注:字母组合al /?:l/特殊发音also, already, always, salt, so-called, although】

5、字母组合oor /?:/:floor, door

6、字母组合ore /?:/:before, more, score

7、字母组合our /?:/:four, yours, course, fourth

8、字母组合au /?:/:August, autumn, pause, audience, caught, taught

9、字母组合aw /?:/:draw, law

10、/ ? / 1、字母a在“w”前“wh”后:what, wash, want, watch, wallet, 但:water /?:/

2、字母o在闭音节中:John, doctor, office, soccer, rock, concert, foggy, across, possible,

cost, cotton, teapot, rocket, of, not, box, long

3、字母组合au / ? / 特殊发音:because

11、/ u:/ 1、字母o在“wh”后:who, whose, whom

2、字母o的特殊发音:move, do, two, improve, lose

3、字母u在“l”前后:blue, ruler, flu, rule

4、字母u的特殊发音:June, truth, pollute, true

5、字母组合ou:group, soup, through

6、字母组合oo 的一般发音:afternoon, room, broom, zoo, moon, pool, school, noodle,

spoon, tool, tooth, cool, shoot, too

7、字母组合oo的特殊发音:food, seafood

8、字母组合ew的特殊发音:drew

12、/ ? / 1、字母u的特殊发音:put, push, sugar, full, pull

2、字母组合oo,一般在字母“k, d, t”前:book, look, good, foot, cook, wood

3、字母组合oo / ? / 弱读中:classroom, bedroom, sitting-room, cookie

双元音:(8个)

1、/e?/1、字母a在开音节中“a”发字母本:name, page, date, lazy, café, wave, cake, face, plate

(以及单词:paper, baby, table, radio)

2、字母组合ea /e?/:great, break

3、字母组合ai一般情况下:train, fail, mainland, rail, straight, rain, maid, tail

4、字母组合ei /e?/:eight, eighth

5、字母组合ay /e?/ 在重读中:day, today, display, may, play, away

6、字母组合ey /e?/:they

2、/a?/1、字母i在开音节中:quite, side, outside, invite, dive, twice, mine, bike, like, nice, time

(以及单词:driver, Friday)

2、字母i在“nd”前:kind, behind, find, mind, blind, China, Chinese,

3、字母组合ie /a?/:die, lie

4、字母组合ei /a?/ :neither, either

5、字母组合i(gh) /a?/:high, light, right, night, bright

6、字母y在重读音节中:my, why, sky, by, fly

3、/??/1、字母组合oi:noise, join, oil, voice, toilet, coin, spoil, toil, boil

2、字母组合oy:boy, toy, enjoy, hoyden, loyal

4、/??/1、字母“o”在开音节中:hope, nose, ago, alone, piano, notice, mobile, home, those,

go, no, so, over

2、字母o在字母“ld”前。cold, old, hold, soldier

3、字母o在“st”前。most, post, almost, most

4、字母组合oa:boat, goat, goal, coat, Joan但abroad发音为/?:/

5、字母组合ow:window, yellow, low, own, show, throw, bowl, know, blow, slow

5、/a?/1、字母组合ow:how, cow, down, crowd, downstairs, shower, allow, now

2、字母组合ou:house, trousers, found, ground, loud, mouth, mount, without, proud, mouth,

round, about

【注:字母组合our 发/a?? /:our, ours, hour】

6、/??/1、字母组合ea:idea, real, really, theatre, realize

2、字母组合ere:here

3、字母组合eer:ioneer, deer, beer, jeer

4、字母组合ear的一般发:near, hear, dear, appear, disappear, fear

7、/e?/1、字母组合are:careful, carefully, hare, care, dare, mare

2、字母组合air:hair, chair, downstairs, air, pair

3、字母组合eir:their, theirs

4、字母组合ere:there, where

5、字母组合ear:bear, dear, pear, tear

8、/??/ 1、字母组合ua:February, January, usually

2、字母组合ure:sure

清辅音:(11个)

1、/ p /字母p:map, pupil, paper, people

2、/ t /字母t:ten, too, coat, what

3、/ k /1、字母c在词前:cap, cook, clock, come, cold, close

2、字母组合ck:cock, Jack, chick, chicken, duck, black, ticket

3、字母组合ch的特殊发音:school, chemical, chemistry

4、字母k:Kate, look, book, like

4、/ f /字母f 的一般发音。life, for, five, four, fifty, first, knife

5、/ θ / 字母组合th【一般在名词、数词、形容词、动词中发音】:maths, three, thin, think,

third, thank, Thursday

6、/ s / 1、字母s的一般发音:bus, glass, class, sister, sit, horse, house

2、字母c:city, certainly, rice, piece

3、字母c在字母i, e, y前:pencil, nice

7、/ ? / 1、字母组合ch的特殊发音:Machine

2、字母组合sh的一般发音:wash, she, fish, ship, sheep, finish

8、/ t? / 字母组合ch的一般发音:chair, teacher, China, chick, such

9、/ tr / 字母组合tr:tree, street, tractor, try, trip, train

10、/ ts / 字母组合ts:boats, coats, minutes, plants, let’s, What’s, coats, seats

11、/ h /字母组合wh在字母o前:who, whose, whom

字母h:he, here, hers, hello

浊辅音:(17个)

1、/ b / 字母b:bag, bad, bat, band, bye, blind

2、/ d / 字母d:dog, desk, under, and