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河北省石家庄市2012届高三补充题、压轴题英语试题

河北省石家庄市2012届高中毕业班补充题、压轴题英语试

第一部分听力(略)

第二部分英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

第一节单项填空(共15 小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

从A、B、C、D、四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。

例:It is generally considered unwise to give a child ________ he or she wants.

A. however

B. whatever

C. whichever

D. whenever

答案是B。

21. —I?m worrying about the interview tomorrow. I?m afraid I can?t pass it.

—________! I?m sure you will make it.

A. Forget it

B. Good luck

C. Thank you

D. Come on

22. Much to my ________, I?m unable to accept your kind inv itation.

A. regret

B. humor

C. satisfaction

D. confidence

23. Food, gas and vegetables have been ________ by rail directly to the city ever since

the highways were blocked.

A. preferred

B. transported

C. packed

D. rescued

24. ________ you are familiar with the author?s ideas, try reading all the sections as quickly as you can.

A. So that

B. Ever since

C. Now that

D. As long as

25. —What happened to Bill?

—He ________ really fast when suddenly he ran headfirst into a parked car.

A. had run

B. was running

C. has run

D. has been running

* —Did you happen to hear the recent news?

—Yes, Alice ________ the gold medal in the speech contest, which I find hard to believe.

A. wins

B. won

C. had won

D. will win

26. Most people go to the theatre not to see a play ________ plot is complicated, but to

listen to brilliant dialogues between actors.

A. where

B. what

C. which

D. whose

27. ________ her anger, Maria turned around and walked away from him.

A. Controlled

B. Being controlled

C. To control

D. Control

28. We?ve been looking for a cheap house but haven?t found ________ we like yet.

A. one

B. other

C. it

D. that

29. As ________ matter of fact, it?s o ut of ________ question for her to finish so much

work in such a short time.

A. a;a

B. a;the

C. 不填;不填

D. 不填;the

*________ heavy rain is arriving tomorrow and will last for ________ rest of the week.

A. A; 不填

B. A; the

C. The; 不填

D. The; the

30. It takes a long time to ________ a good name, but this name is quickly lost by just one

piece of bad behavior.

A. pick up

B. think up

C. build up

D. make up

31. —Bob is always complaining about not having any money.

—The problem is that he doesn't work hard and never ________.

A. does

B. had

C. has

D. did

32. By no means ________ true that all English people know their own language well.

A. it is

B. is it

C. what is

D. is what *—Do you know Tom quarreled with his brother?

—I don?t know, ________.

A. nor don?t I care

B. nor do I care

C. I don?t care also

D. I don?t care neither

33. Students ________ remain in their seats until all the papers have been collected.

A. shall

B. may

C. need

D. can

34. —How could I thank you enough?

—Don?t mention it. Any other man ________ that.

A .would do B. will do C. would have done D. had done

35. Sometimes, ________ we show our gratitude for a person is reflected in the kind of

food we serve him or her.

A. when

B. whether

C. why

D. how

第二节完形填空(共20小题:每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D) 中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

When I was growing up, I had an old neighbor named Dr. Gibbs. He didn?t look like any doctor I?d 36 known. When Dr. Gibbs w asn?t 37 lives, he was planting trees.

The good doctor had some 38 theories on planting trees. He believed in “No pains, no gains”. He never39 his new trees, which was 40 many people. Once I asked why. He 41 that watering plants spoiled them, and that if you water them, each following tree generation will 42 weaker and weaker. So you have to make things 43 for them. He talked about how watering trees 44 shallow roots, and how trees that weren?t watered had to grow deep root s in 45 of water. I came to understand that he meant deep roots were to be 46 . I planted a couple of trees a few years back and I took good care of them. Two years of 47 has resulted in trees that expect to be waited on hand and foot. Whenever a cold wind blows, they 48 and tremble their branches. Funny things about those trees of Dr. Gibbs?. The lack of water seemed to 49 them in ways comfort and ease never could.

I used to 50 for my sons that their lives will be easy. But 51 I?ve been thinking that it?s time to 52 my prayer. I know my children are going to meet 53 ,

and I?m praying they will be strong. The prayer for comfort is seldom met. What we need to do is to pray for deep roots, 54 when the winds blow, we won?t be 55 away.

36. A. even B. ever C. never D. hardly

37. A. valuing B. making C. enjoying D. saving

38. A. exciting B. dull C. interesting D. terrible

39. A. watered B. raised C. loved D. sheltered

40. A. against B. beyond C. within D. from

41. A. wondered B. answered C. doubted D. guessed

42. A. grow B. change C. appear D. show

43. A. harmful B. favorable C. tough D. wonderful

44. A. made for B. headed for C. allowed for D. cared for

45. A. charge B. favor C. honor D. search

46. A. treasured B. challenged C. respected D. liked

47. A. education B. information C. preparation D. devotion

48. A. dance B. shake C. spread D. lift

49. A. harm B. raise C. benefit D. hurt

50. A. pray B. apply C. stand D. call

51. A. perfectly B. formally C. obviously D. lately

52. A. attend B. say C. change D. keep

53. A. hardships B. worries C. bosses D. jobs

54. A. or B. so C. and D. but

55. A. given B. sent C. broken D. swept

第三部分阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

For millions of people, the American dream of owning a home seems to be slipping out of reach.

“Maybe young couples can no longer afford to buy a ready-made house as their parents did,?? says 40-year-old building instructor Pat Hennin. “But they can still have a home. Like their pioneer ancestors, they can build it themselves, and at less than half the cost of a ready-made house.”

The owner-builders came from every occupational group, although surprisingly few are professional building workers. Many take the plunge with little or no experience. “I learned how to build my house from reading books,” says John Brown, who built a six-room home for $25, 000 in High Falls, New Jersey. “If you have patience and the carpentry skill to make a bookcase, you can build a house.” An astonishing 50 percent of these owner-builders hammer every nail, lay every pipe, and wire every switch with their

own hands. The rest contract for some parts of the task. But even those who just act as contractors and finish the insides of their homes can save from 30 percent to 45 percent of what a ready-made home would cost.

One survey revealed that 60 percent of owner-builders also design their homes. Many others buy commercial house plans for less than $100 or use plans available from the U. S. Department of Agriculture.

56. What does the passage mainly tell us?

A. The cost of having a house built.

B. The American dream of owning a house.

C. The life of owner-builders in America.

D. A comparison between young couples and their parents.

57. It can be inferred from the passage that many Americans find it difficult to ________.

A. build a house

B. find a ready-made house

C. have a good job

D. buy a house

58. The underlined phrase “take the plunge” in paragraph 3 most probably means “________”.

A. decide to build a house

B. decide to pull down a house

C. decide to buy a house

D. decide to rent a house

59. From the passage we learn that ________.

A. Many house plans are offered free of charge.

B. Most of the house plans are offered by building instructors.

C. Most of the owner-builders design their homes.

D. Fifty percent of the American young couples build houses.

B

People tend to become more personal and hide less of themselves when using email. Researchers from Open University in Britain have found in a recent study that there are good reasons for this.

The team of researchers asked 83 pairs of students, all strangers to each other, to solve a problem. They had to discuss this question: If only five people in the world could be saved from a world disaster, who should they be? The pairs of students had to talk over the problem either face to face or by computers. Dr. Johnson said, “They told their partners four times as much about themselves when they talked over the Internet as when they talked face to face. When the computers were fitted with cameras so that students could see each other, this limited the personal side of the conversation.”

Generally the information was not extremely personal. It was mainly about things such as where they went to school, or where they used to live. But some students discussed their love stories, and personal childhood experiences.

Dr Johnson believes that emailing encourages people to focus on themselves. And when they do this, they become more open, especially if there are no cameras. “If you cannot see the other person, it becomes easier to talk about yourself. This is because you are not thinking what the other person is thinking of you. So emailing has become the modern way of talking,” said Dr. Johnson. However, this style of talking is not entirely new. “In the 19th century people started to use the …telegraph? to communicate. N ow the same kind of thing has happened and people ended up speaking more freely.”

Dr. Johnson thinks that e-mailers need to know about these effects of emailing, especially when they start work in a company. “If you don?t know about it, you could find your self saying more about yourself than you wanted to.”

60. The subject discussed in this passage is _______.

A. how people do research studies

B. how people open up when emailing

C. how to communicate at work

D. how to discuss and solve a problem

61. The reason that some couples talked freely about themselves is that _______.

A. they didn?t talk about very personal things

B. they had to discuss a question

C. the cameras on the computers were turned on

D. they couldn?t see each other

62. What does the underlined part in paragraph 4 refer to?

A. The telegraph.

B. The computer.

C. Emailing.

D. Face-to-face talk.

63. In the writer?s opinion, one should ______.

A. consider how one uses email at work

B. talk more freely in emails than usual

C. discuss any subject that one wants to

D. focus on oneself when emailing

C

Safety and Security Procedures

Your safety and the security of your personal property are of the primary concern to those of us who welcome you as our guest. We urge you to take advantage of the following suggestions.

YOUR VEHICLE

Lock your vehicle and do not leave money or valuable items inside. We are not responsible for their loss.

TRAVELING

Be observant (机警) when sightseeing or traveling. Stay in well-lit and heavily traveled areas. Don?t display large amounts of cash.

GUEST ROOM SECURITY

For additional security use the deadbolt (插锁) provided on your door and make sure the windows are locked. As an additional precaution (预防措施), please secure the secondary locks provided. Do not admit anyone to your room without first making identification. A one-way viewer is provided in your door to assist with identification. If there is any doubt about the person?s identity, please contact the Front Desk.

SAFETY BOXES

Do not leave money or valuables in your room or vehicle. We provide free safety boxes for your use. Hotel is not responsible for items left in room valued over $200.

KEYS

Safeguard your key. Please do not leave it in the door. Do not give your key to others or leave it unattended. Please leave your key at the Front Desk when you check out.

REPORTING

Please report any suspicious activity, or safety concerns to management.

FIRE

Please familiarize yourself with the nearest fire exits. Report fire or smoke to the hotel operator. In the unlikely event of a fire, please move quickly and calmly to the nearest safe exit and leave the building. Avoid the use of elevator.

64. The suggestions are most probably from ______.

A. a hotel manager

B. a police officer

C. an experienced traveler

D. a tour guide

65. If you feel doubtful about a stranger who knocks at the door, you should ______.

A. let the person in after you have got his/her name

B. open the door to check the person?s ID card

C. call the Front Desk to make sure

D. contact the local police for assistance

66. What can we learn from the text?

A. It is advised to travel to places where there are few people.

B. The hotel is not responsible for anything you lose.

C. Don?t report to the m anager unless you are sure something is going wrong.

D. You?d better use the deadbolt and the secondary locks for safety.

D

Skipping classes, particularly big lectures where an absence is likely to go undetected, is a tradition among college undergraduates. These days, however, some professors say they?re seeing more absenteeism, as students make the most of new technologies as

learning aids.

Americ Azevedo taugh t an “Introduction to Computers” at the University of California, Berkeley, US last semester. B y visiting the course?s website, the 200 enrolled students could download audio recordings or watch digital videos of the lectures, as well as read the instructor?s detailed lecture notes.

But there was one big problem: So many of the undergraduates relied on the technology that at times only 20 or so actually showed up for class.

Doug Suda, 19, a student in Azevedo?s class last semester, said he skipped about three-quarter of the lectures. It?s largely because he was busy with an off-campus job and was taking the course to fulfill a business major requirement. At the end of the term, Suda prepared hurriedly for the final exam by watching videos of about 15 lectures over three days. “If I hadn?t that… I would probably fail the class,” said Suda, who instead received a B-plus.

Despite the concerns about absenteeism, schools are increasingly experimenting with ways to let students watch or listen to lectures on their computers or digital music players, like iPods. Last month, Harvard Medical School began “Podca sting”lectures. Students can download them into digital musical players, and study while they, say, go for a walk.

As many academics accept the electronic innovation, others are pushing back. To encourage attendance, they are applying low-tech tactics, like giving more surprising quizzes or cutting back their online offerings.

Lee Chanian, a UCLA economics professor, says “too much technology leads to passive learning environment and encourage more absenteeism”. He now puts fewer lecture materials online, and provides extensive notes only for the most complicated topics.

67. The underlined word “absenteeism” in paragraph 2 most probably means ________.

A. attending classes

B. having classes

C. giving classes

D. skipping classes

68. At times on ly 20 or so undergraduates showed up for Americ Azevedo?s class because ________.

A. so many undergraduates relied on digital learning aids

B. so many undergraduates have off-campus jobs.

C. his lectures were boring

D. the exam was easy to pass

69. According to the passage, to encourage attendance, some academics are applying

the following lower-tech ways EXCEPT ________.

A. giving more surprise quizzes

B. cutting off their online offerings

C. providing extensive notes only for the most complicated topics

D. putting fewer lecture materials online

70. What could be the best title for this passage?

A. Lectures fight digital learning aids to up class numbers.

B. Lectures apply digital learning aids to up class numbers.

C. Lectures fight lower-tech tactics to up class numbers.

D. Schools are encouraging more absenteeism.

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余选项。

Being organized is an important skill for school and life. When you?re well organized, you can stay focused, instead of spending time hunting things down. 71 For schoolwork, it means having one notebook or place where you store all your assignments, so you know what you have to do and when. Keeping labeled folders for handouts and keeping all your schoolwork neat and in a specific place—these are the main parts of organization.

For home stuff, being organized means having a place to put your things and putting them back as you go. 72 It means keeping your schoolbag, your shoes, and your clean underwear in the same places so you always know where to find them.

Planning is part of being organized, too. 73 Calendars, lists, and schedules can help you plan. You can buy or draw a calendar and keep it near your workplace. Making a schedule or “to-do” list for yourself is a good idea. Looking at your list helps you keep track of what you need to do. 74 Check off things when you?ve done them. Use your list to help you decide which thing is most important to work on first.

75 But onc e you?re organized, it feels great. The less time you spend hunting around for things or panicking about homework, the more time you have for better things, like reading a good book or playing.

A. Add new things as you get assignments.

B. First, you should get your schoolwork organized.

C. It means hanging your coat up instead of dropping it on the floor or throwing it on a chair.

D. It takes some extra efforts to organize yourself and your stuff.

E. Planning means deciding what you will do and when you will do it.

F. You will benefit a lot from a good habit.

G. What does it mean to be organized?

写作(共两节,满分35分)

第一节短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧) ,并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\) 划掉。

修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词。

2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起) 不计分。

Years of school life had taught me a lot of things, of which teamwork is the most important for me.

In fact, I didn?t realize it until I was being chosen m onitor of my class in my senior middle school.

At first, I did most of the duties myself while other student cared little about class activities. As the result,

I was tired out and fell unhappy. Then I turned to my teacher and he advised me cooperate with others.

So I had a talk about my classmates for their ideas.They soon understood me and began to doing

what they should in class. Teamwork have freed me of trouble and made my work much effective than ever.

第二节书面表达(满分25分)

你所在的城市最近计划修建地铁,这件事引发了人们的广泛争论。请根据所给信息写一

河北省石家庄市2012届高三补充题、压轴题英语试题

注意:1. 开头已给出,但不计入总词数;

2. 不要逐句翻译,可适当增加内容以使行文连贯;

3. 词数100左右。

Recently, people are having an argument on whether a subway should be built or no t in the city. Opinions vary from person to person.

毕业班补充试题参考答案

英语

单选(15×1=15):21—25 DABCB 26—30 DCABC 31—35 CBACD

完形填空(20×1.5=30):36—40 BDCAB 41—45 BACAD 46—50 ADBCA 51—55 DCABD

阅读理解(15×2=30):56—59 BDAC 60—63 BDCA 64—66 ACD 67—70 DABA 七选五短文填空(5×2=10):71—75 GCEAD

改错(10×1=10):

Years of school life had taught me a lot of things, of which teamwork is the most important for me.

has

In fact, I didn’t realize it until I was being chosen monitor of my class in my senior middle school.

At first, I did most of the duties myself while other student cared little about class activities. As the result,

students a I was tired out and fell unhappy. Then I turned to my teacher and he advised me ∧cooperate with others.

felt to

So I had a good talk about my classmates for their ideas.They soon understood me and began to doing

with

do或去掉to

what they should in class. Teamwork have freed me of trouble and made my work much effective than ever.

has more

书面表达(满分25分):

One possible version

Recently, people are having an argument on whether a subway should be built or not in the city. Opinions vary from person to person.

Some people think it necessary to build a subway. For one thing, building a subway can help solve traffic problems and people will enjoy a more convenient life. For another,it provides a new means of transportation,which is environmentally friendly.

On the other hand, others hold the opposite opinion. They think that the long process of construction is bound to influence the city's traffic. What's more, too much money will b e spent building it and it will take a long time to get the money back.

Weighing the pros and cons, I support the idea that a subway should be built because not only will the environment be protected but also more space will be saved. (119 words)