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英国文学名词解释

名词解释:

1、The term 'metaphysical poetry' is commonly used to name the work of the

17th-century writers who wrote under the influence of John Donne, whose masterwork is “Flea”. With a rebellious spirit, the metaphysical poets tried to break away from the conventional fashion of the Elizabethan love poetry. The diction is simpler, and echoes the words and cadences抑扬顿挫of common speech. The imagery is drawn from the actual life. The form is frequently that of an argument with the poet's beloved, with God, or with himself.

2、An epiphany is the sudden comprehension of the essence or meaning of something,

usually at or near the end of a work. The term is used in either a philosophical or literal sense to signify that the claimant has "found the last piece of the puzzle and now sees the whole picture," or has new information or experience, often insignificant by itself, that illuminates a deeper or numinous神圣的foundational frame of reference. Epiphany is used by James Joyce in his Araby.

3、Byronic hero is a variant of the Romantic hero, named after the English Romantic poet

Lord Byron. The Byronic hero first appeared in his Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage and was perfected in Don Juan. The idealized Byronic heroes’ attributes are great talent and passion;

a distaste for social institutions; a lack of respect for rank and privilege (although

possessing both); being thwarted in love by social constraint or death; rebellion; exile;

arrogance; overconfidence or lack of foresight; and, ultimately, a self-destructive manner.

4、A Conceit is a metaphor or simile that is made elaborate, often extravagant, which may

strike the reader as weird at first glance, but proves appropriate in the end.By juxtaposing, usurping and manipulating images and ideas in surprising ways, a conceit invites the reader into a more sophisticated understanding of an object of comparison. A ready example would be a poem by John Donne, in which two lovers’souls are compared to the legs of the compass.

5、Steam of Consciousness is the continuous flow of thoughts, feelings, and memories in

the human mind or a literary method of presenting such a blending of mental processes in fictional characters, usually in an unpunctuated form of interior monologue. It is an

important device of modernist fiction and its later imitators. The technique was pioneered by James Joyce in Ulysses, and further developed by Virginia Woolf in Mrs. Dalloway and William Faulkner in The Sound and the Fury.

6、Critical realism most often refers to the trend, beginning with French literature and

extending to late-nineteenth- and early-twentieth-century authors in various countries, towards depictions of contemporary life and society "as they were." In this spirit, realists opted for depictions of everyday activities and experiences, instead of a romanticized or similarly stylized presentation. The critical realistic writers like George Eliot's, the author of the novel Middlemarch, claimed against the economical and political oppression from bourgeois society as well as the corruption of the aristocratic class and social institutions.