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美国文学期末考试试卷模拟试题

美国文学期末考试试卷模拟试题一

I. Fill in the following blanks and put your answers on the Answer Sheet. (15%, 1 point for each)

1.The publication of ______ established Emerson as the most eloquent spokesman of New England

Transcendentalism.

2.Hard work, thrift, ______ and sobriety were the Puritan values that dominated much of the earliest

American writing.

3.At 87, ______ read his poetry at the inauguration of President John F. Kennedy.

4.Jack London’s masterwork _________ is somewhat autobi ographical.

5.______, the tragic hero of Moby Dick, burning with a baleful fire, becomes evil himself in his thirst to

destroy evil.

6.Ezra Pound was the leader of a new movement in poetry which he called the “________” movement.

7.“The Custom House” is an introductory note to the novel _______.

8.Among the works attacking the “American Dream”, __________by Fitzgerald is a powerful piece.

9.Walt Whitman was a pioneering figure of American poetry. His innovation first of all lies in his use of

________, poetry without a fixed beat or regular rhyme scheme.

10.In 1954, _______ won the Nobel Prize for Literature for his “mastery of the art of modern narration”.

11.In American literary history, ________ is called “the Recluse of Amherst” since she isolated herself from

the outside almost for life.

12.“The Fall of the House of Usher” is a short story written by _______.

13._______ launched two kinds of immensely popular stories: the sea adventure and the frontier saga,

represented by The Leatherstocking Tales.

14.The publication of T. S. Eliot’s ________ in 1922, the most significant American poem of the 20th

century, helped to establish a modern tradition of literature rich with learning and allusive thought.

15.“The Cop and the Anthem” is a short story written by ______.

II. Each of the following statements is followed by four alternative answers. Choose the one that would best complete the statement. Then put your answers on the Answer Sheet. (20%, 1 point for each)

1.For Melville, as well as for the reader and _____, the narrator, Moby Dick is still a mystery, an

ultimately mystery of the universe.

A. Stubb

B. Ishmael

C. Ahab

D. Starbuck

2.Most of the p oems in Whitman’s Leaves of Grass sing of the “en-mass” and the ____ as well.

A. nature

B. self-reliance

C. self

D. life

3.Which of the following is Not one of the main ideas advocated by Ralph Emerson?

A. Importance of the Individual

B. Faith in Christianity

C. The Over-Soul

D. Self-Reliance

4.In Hawthorne’s novels and short stories, intellectuals usually appear as _____.

A. saviors

B. villains

C. commentators

D. observers

5.In American literature, escaping from the society and returning to nature is a common subject. The

following titles are all related, in one way or another, to the subject except _____.

A.Dreiser’s Sister Carrier

B.Mark Twain’s The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn

C.Cooper’s Leatherstocking Tales

D.Thoreau’s Walden

6.Which of the following is Not optimistic about human nature? .

A. Ralph Emerson

B. Walt Whitman

C. Nathaniel Hawthorne

D. Henry Thoreau

7.Washington Irving was best known for his famous short stories such as _______.

A.Rip Van Winkle and Moby Dick

B.Rip Van Winkle and The Legend of Sleepy Hollow

C.Young Goodman Brown and Moby Dick

D.The Fall of the House of Usher and Rip Van Winkle

8.Emily Dickinson wrote many of her poems on various aspects of life. Which of the following is Not a

usual subject of her poetic expression? _____.

A. Religion

B. Life and death

C. Love and marriage

D. War and peace

9.Henry James is mostly concerned with ______ in his fiction.

A. the inner life of human beings

B. small town life in backward regions

C. suffering of the aged

D. violent events in history

10.______ is called by Hemingway the one from which “all modern American literature comes.”

A. The Adventures of Tom Sawyer

B. Life on the Mississippi

C. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn

D. The Gilded Age

11.William Faulkner’s works mainly concern the American _____.

A. New England

B. South

C. Mid West

D. West

12.One of Mark Twain’s contributions to American literature is that he made ______ an accepted standard

literary medium.

A. tall tale

B. local colorism

C. humor

D. colloquial speech

13.Emily Dickinson wrote 1775 poems, but only ____ of which had appeared during her life time.

A. 7

B. 8

C. 9

D. 10

14.In writing In a Station of the Metro, Pound got his inspiration from _____.

A. English sonnet

B. Japanese haiku

C. Chinese classical poetry

D. French

15.Of the following American writers, _____ has Not won the Nobel Prize for Literature.

A. William Faulkner

B. Ernest Hemingway

C. John Steinbeck

D. F. S. Fitzgerald

16.Robert Frost is a regional poet in the sense that his poems are mainly concerned about the _____.

A. life in New York

B. country life in New England

C. sea adventures

D. life on the Mississippi River

17.The works of _______ reveal the misery of the migrant workers because of the American Depression.

A. F. S. Fitzgerald

B. John Steinbeck

C. Ernest Hemingway

D. William Howells

18.In 1862, President Lincoln exclaimed: “So you are the little woman who wrote the book that started this

great war!” Who is this woman referred to? ______.

A. Mrs. Stowe

B. Emily Dickinson

C. George Eliot

D. Jane Austen

19.It is not surprising to find in _____’s fiction a world of jungle, where “kill or to be killed” was the law.

A. Mark Twain

B. Emily Dickinson

C. Theodore Dreiser

D. Henry James

20.“Let’s portray man and woman in a way that we meet them in our real life.” This

may be a principle for the characterization of _______.

A. romanticism

B. realism

C. naturalism

D. modernism

III. Explain the following and put your answers on the Answer Sheet. (15%, 5 points for each)

1.Local color fiction

2.Captain John Smith

3.“Annabel Lee”

IV. Answer the following questions briefly, and put your answers on the Answer Sheet. (30%, 10 points for each)

1.What’s the difference between Walt Whitman and Emily Dickinson?

2.What’s the symbolic signif icance of The Scarlet Letter?

美国文学期末考试试卷模拟试题二

I. Fill in the following blanks and put your answers on the Answer Sheet. (15%, 1 point for each)

1._____ was a founding figure of American poetry, whose innovation first of all lies in his use of the free

verse, poetry without a fixed beat or regular rhyme scheme.

2.The publication of Nature established ______ as the most eloquent spokesman of New England

Transcendentalism.

3.Hard work, thrift, ______ and sobriety were the Puritan values that dominated much of the earliest

American writing.

4._________ is considered to be the founder of psychological realism, who believed that reality lies in the

impressions made by life on the spectator.

5.Martin Eden is the novel into which ______ put most of himself.

6.The publication of _______ written by T. S. Eliot helped to establish a modern tradition of literature rich

with learning and allusive thought.

7.“The apparition of these faces in the crowd; Petals on a wet, black bough.” This is the shortest poem

written by _____.

8.With the publication of The Sun Also Rises, ________ became the spokesman for what Gertrude Stein

had called “a Lost Generation”.

9.“The Custom House” is an introductory note to the novel _______.

10.Among the works attacking the “American Dream”, __________by Fitzgerald is a powerful piece.

11.Emily Dickinson wrote 1775 poems, but only ____ of which had appeared during her life time.

12.______, the tragic hero of Moby Dick, burning with a baleful fire, becomes evil himself in his thirst to

destroy evil.

13.As a poet, ________ heralded American literary independence: his close observation of nature

distinguished his treatment of indigenous wild life and other native American subjects, e. g: The Wild Honey Suckle.

14.The publication of Washington Irving’s _________,a collection of essays, sketches and tales, marks the

beginning of American romanticism.

15.“The Cop and the Anthem” is a short story written by ______.

II. Each of the following statements is followed by four alternative answers. Choose the one that would best complete the statement. Put your answers on the Answer Sheet. (30%, 1 point for each)

1.In Leaves of Grass, _______ is all that concerned Whitman.

A. individualism

B. freedom

C. democracy

D. all the above

2.______ is the narrator of Moby Dick.

A. Ahab

B. Ishmael

C. Flask

D. Queequeg

3.In 1837, Ralph Emerson made a speech entitled _____ at Harvard, which was hailed by Oliver Wendell

Holmes as “Our Intellectual Declaration of Independence.”

A. Declaration of Independence

B. Self-Reliance

C. Divinity School Address

D. The American Scholar

4.The Transcendentalists believe that, first, nature is ennobling; and second, the individual is ______.

A. vicious by nature

B. insignificant

C. forward-looking

D. divine

5.In Hawthorne’s novels and short stories, intellectuals usually appear as _____.

A. saviors

B. villains

C. commentators

D. observers

6.In American literature, escaping from the society and returning to nature is a common subject. The

following titles are all related, in one way or another, to the subject except _____.

A.Dreiser’s Sister Carrier

B.Mark Twain’s The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn

C.Cooper’s Leather-Stocking Tales

D.Thoreau’s Walden

7.“I celebrate myself, and sing myself,

And what I assume you shall assume,

For every atom belonging to me as good belongs to you.”

Who could have written these lines? _____.

A. Edgar Allan Poe

B. Ralph Emerson

C. Walt Whitman

D. Henry Thoreau

8.Which of the following is Not optimistic about human nature?

A. Ralph Emerson

B. Walt Whitman

C. Nathaniel Hawthorne

D. Henry Thoreau

9.Which of the following statements about The Scarlet Letter is Not true? _____.

A.It explores man’s never-ending search for the satisfaction of materialistic desires.

B.It relates the conflicts between the society and the individual.

C.It presents a psychological analysis of the inward tensions of the characters.

D.It is about the effect of sin on the people involved and the society as a whole.

10.Washington Irving was best known for his famous short stories such as _______.

A.Rip Van Winkle and Moby Dick

B.Rip Van Winkle and The Legend of Sleepy Hollow

C.Young Goodman Brown and Moby Dick

D.The Fall of the House of Usher and Rip Van Winkle

11.Emily Dickinson wrote many of her poems on various aspects of life. Which of the following is Not a

usual subject of her poetic expression? _____.

A. Religion

B. Life and death

C. Love and marriage

D. War and peace

12.Mark Twain wrote most of his literary works with a ____ language.

A. grand

B. pompous

C. vernacular

D. simple

13.The period ranging from 1865 to 1914 has been referred to as _____.

A. the Age of Romanticism

B. the Age of Realism

C. the Age of Modernism

D. the Age of Colonialism

14.______ is called by Hemingway the one from which “all modern American literature comes.”

A. The Adventures of Tom Sawyer

B. Life on the Mississippi

C. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn

D. The Gilded Age

15.The main theme of _______’s The Art of Fiction reveals his literary credo that representation of life

should be the main object of the novel.

A. Mark Twain

B. Henry James

C. Theodore Dreiser

D. William Dean Howells

16.It is not surprising to find in _____’s fiction a world of jungle, where “kill or to be killed” was the law.

A. Mark Twain

B. Emily Dickinson

C. Theodore Dreiser

D. Henry James

17.According to Hawthorne, the scarlet Letter “A” which originally stands for “_____”, finally obtains the

meaning of “able” or “angel” through Hester’s efforts.

A. arrogance

B. adultery

C. agony

D. accomplishment

18.During the period after the Civil War, the American society entered in what Mark Twain referred to as

_____.

A. the Golden Age

B. the Modern Age

C. the Gilded Age

D. the Puritan Age

19.Robert Frost is generally considered to be a regional poet in the sense that his subject matters mainly

focus on the landscape and people in _____.

A. New York

B. the West

C. New England

D. Mid West

20.William Faulkner’s w orks mainly concern the American _____.

A. New England

B. South

C. Mid West

D. West

21.In 1954, _____ was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature for his “mastery of the art of modern

narration.”

A. T. S. Eliot

B. Ernest Hemingway

C. John Steinbeck

D. William Faulkner

22.“In a Station of the Metro” is regarded by critics as a classic specimen of _____.

A. the imagist poetry

B. the absurd poetry

C. the romantic poetry

D. the transcendental poetry

23.Fitzgerald’s fictional world is the best embodiment of the spirit of ______.

A. the Renaissance Period

B. the Neoclassical Period

C. the Jazz Age

D. the Romantic Period

24._____ usually was regarded as the first American writer.

A. William Bradford

B. Anne Bradstreet

C. Emily Dickinson

D. Captain John Smith

25.The works of _______ reveal the misery of the migrant workers because of the American Depression.

A. F. S. Fitzgerald

B. John Steinbeck

C. Ernest Hemingway

D. William Howells

26._______ is NOT a fictional character in The Scarlet Letter.

A. Pearl

B. Arthur Dimmesdale

C. Roger Chillingworth

D. Santiago

27.At 87, ______ read his poetry at the inauguration of President John F. Kennedy.

A. Edwin Robinson

B. Wallace Stevens

C. Carl Sandburg

D. Robert Frost

28.“Let’s portray man and woman in a way that we meet them in our real life.” This may be a principle for

the characterization of _______.

A. romanticism

B. realism

C. naturalism

D. modernism

29.In 1862, President Lincoln exclaimed: “So you are the little woman who wrote the book that started this

great war!” Who is this woman referred to? ______.

A. Mrs. Stowe

B. Emily Dickinson

C. George Eliot

D. Jane Austen

30.All his novels reveal that, as time went on, Mark Twain became increasingly ______.

A. optimistic

B. pessimistic

C. confident

D. contented

III. Explain the following and put your answers on the Answer Sheet. (15%, 5 points for each)

1. New England literary renaissance

2. “My Lost Youth” (by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow)

3. William Dean Howells

IV. Make a brief comment on the following and put your answers on the Answer Sheet. (20%, 10 points for each)

1.American Romanticism.

2.Caroline Meeber in Sister Carrier.

美国文学期末考试试卷模拟试题三

I. Complete each of the following statements with proper words or phrases. (20%, 1 point for each)

1.In 1817, the stately poem called “Thanatopsis” introduced the best poet, ______, to appear in America

up to that time.

2.James Fennimore Cooper launched two kinds of immensely popular stories: the sea adventure and

______.

3.Ralph Emerson was recognized throughout his life as the leader of ______ movement, yet he never

applied the term to himself or to his beliefs and ideas.

4.Herman Melville’s novel ______ is a tremendous chronicle of a whaling voyage in pursuit of a

seemingly supernatural white whale.

5.In the early 19th century, Washington Irving wrote ______ which became the first work by an American

writer to win financial success on both sides of the Atlantic.

6.In 1845, Henry David Thoreau began a two-year residence at ______ Pond.

7.After his death, ______ became the only American to be honored with a bust in the Poet’s Corner of

Westminster Abbey.

8.The American Romantic period stretches from the end of the 18th century through the outburst of the

______.

9.The arbiter of 19th century literary realism in America was ______.

10.The poetic style Walt Whitman devised is now called ______, which is poetry without a fixed beat or

regular rhyme scheme.

11.______ is considered the founder of psychological realism. He believed that reality lies in the

impressions made by life on the spectator.

12.______ is the novel into which Jack London put most of himself.

13.O. Henry’s ______ is a very moving story of a young couple who sell their best possessions in order to

get money for a Christmas present for each other.

14.______ was the leader of a new movement in poetry which he called the “Imagist” movement.

15.In 1925, F. Scott Fitzgerald completed his best novel ______. It is the story of an idealist who was

destroyed by the influence of the wealthy, pleasure-seeking people around him.

16.Ernest Hemingway’s stature as a writer was confirmed with the publication of his novel ______ in 1929.

The novel portrayed a farewell both to war and to love.

17.______ was the foremost novelist of the American Depression of the 1930s.

18.William Faulkner considered __________ to be “the first truly American writer”.

19.As a genre, naturalism emphasized heredity and ______ as important deterministic forces shaping

individualized characters that were presented in special and detailed circumstances.

20.A series of sixteen pamphlets by Thomas Paine was entitled ______.

II. Each of the following statements below is followed by four alternative answers or completions.

Choose the one that is the best in each case. (30%, 1 point for each)

1.Moby Dick was dedicated to ____.

A. Ralph Emerson

B. Nathaniel Hawthorne

C. Henry Thoreau

D. Henry Longfellow

2.____ was Mark Twain’s masterpiece from which, as Hemingway noted, “all modern American literature

comes.”

A. The Adventures of Tom Sawyer

B. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn

C. Life on the Mississippi

D. The Gilded Age

3.____ usually was regarded as the first American writer.

A. Emily Bradford

B. Ann Bradstreet

C. Emily Dickinson

D. John Smith

4.Benjamin Franklin was the epitome of the ____.

A. American Enlightenment

B. Sugar Act

C. Chartist movement

D. Romanticist

5.Thomas Jefferson’s attitude, that i s, a firm belief in progress, and the pursuit of happiness, is typical of

the period we now call ____.

A. Age of Evolution

B. Age of Reason

C. Age of Romanticism

D. Age of Regionalism

6.As a literary and philosophical movement, ____ flourished in New England from the 1830s to the Civil

War.

A. modernism

B. rationalism

C. sentimentalism

D. transcendentalism

7.____ is NOT written by Ralph Waldo Emerson.

A. The American Scholar

B. Self-Reliance

C. The Divinity School Address

D. Civil Disobedience

8.There is a good reason to state that New England Transcendentalism was actually ____ on the Puritan

soil.

A. Romanticism

B. Symbolism

C. Mysticism

D. Rationalism

9.American literature produced only one female poet during the 19th century. This was ____.

A. Anne Bradstreet

B. Jane Austen

C. Emily Dickinson

D. Harriet Beecher

10.Which of the following statements about O. Henry is NOT right?

A. He wrote about the poor people.

B. The ends of his stories are always surprising.

C. Many of his stories contain a great deal of slang and colloquial expressions.

D. The plots are usually clumsy.

11.The main theme of ____’s The Art of Fiction reveals his literary credo that representation of life should

be the main object of the novel.

A. Henry James

B. William Howells

C. Mark Twain

D. O. Henry

12.Which of the following does NOT have a naturalist tendency?

A. Stephan Crane

B. Frank Norris

C. Jack London

D. Walt Whitman

13.For Melville, as well as for the reader and _____, the narrator, Moby Dick is still a mystery, an

ultimately mystery of the universe.

A. Stubb

B. Ishmael

C. Ahab

D. Starbuck

14.Which of the following is NOT optimistic about human nature?

A. Ralph Emerson

B. Walt Whitman

C. Nathaniel Hawthorne

D. Henry Thoreau

15.Emily Dickinson wrote many of her poems on various aspects of life. Which of the following is NOT a

usual subject of her poetic expression?

A. Religion

B. Life and death

C. Love and marriage

D. War and peace

16.Of the following American writers, _____ had won the Nobel Prize for Literature.

A. Mark Twain

B. Ernest Hemingway

C. Henry James

D. F. S. Fitzgerald

17.In 1862, President Lincoln exclaimed: “So you are the little woman who wrote the book that started this

great war!” The book refers to ____.

A.The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn

B. Beloved

B.Pride and Prejudice D. Uncle Tom’s Cabin

18.The works of _____ reveals the misery of the migrant workers because of the American Depression.

A. F. S. Fitzgerald

B. John Steinbeck

C. Ernest Hemingway

D. William Howells

19.In Leaves of Grass, _____ is all that concerned Whitman.

A. individualism

B. freedom

C. democracy

D. all the above

20.It is not surprising to find in _____’s fiction a world of jungle, where “kill or to be killed” was the law.

A. Mark Twain

B. Emily Dickinson

C. Theodore Dreiser

D. Henry James

21.During the period after the Civil War, the American society entered in what Mark Twain referred to as

____.

A. the Golden Age

B. the Modern Age

C. the Gilded Age

D. the Puritan Age

22.“The Custom-House” is an introductory note to _____.

A. Moby-Dick

B. The Scarlet Letter

C. The Marble Faun

D. The Blithedale Romance

23.When we say that a poor young man from the West tried to make his fortune in the East but was

disillusioned in the quest of an idealized dream, we are prob ably discussing ______’s thematic concern in his fiction writing.

A. Henry James

B. F. Scott Fitzgerald

C. Ernest Hemingway

D. William Faulkner

24.American writers after World War I self-consciously acknowledged that they were (a) “____”, devoid of

faith and alienated from the Western civilization.

A. Lost Generation

B. Beat Generation

C. Sons of Liberty

D. Angry Young Men

25.Which one of the following statements is NOT true of William Faulkner?

A. He is master of stream-of-consciousness narrative.

B. His writing is often complex and difficult to understand.

C. He often depicts slum life in New York and Chicago.

D. He represents a new group of Southern writers

26.The setting of the novel The Scarlet Letter is in ____.

A. England during World War I

B. Paris during the French Revolution

C. Puritan America

D. America after the Revolutionary War

27.Which statement is NOT true of the American naturalist?

A. They ventured the forbidden subjects such as sex, death, and violence.

B. They stressed the possible triumph of human will.

C. They wrote in a daring, open, and direct manner.

D. They see human beings no more than a physical object.

28.____ is often acclaimed as the literary spokesman of the Jazz Age.

A. Ernest Hemingway

B. F. Scott Fitzgerald

C. William Faulkner

D. John Steinbeck

29.____, one of America’s greatest playwrights, won the Nobel Prize in 1936, the first American playwright

to receive the honor. Some of his most famous works include The Hairy Ape, Long Day’s Journey into Night.

A. Arthur Miller

B. Tennessee Williams

C. Bernard Malamud

D. Eugene O’Neill

30.Edgar Allan Poe occupies an important position in American literature as a poet and a ____.

A. short story writer

B. novelist

C. dramatist

D. translator

III. Answer the following questions, and put your answers on the Answer Sheet. (30%, 15 points for each)

1. What is local color fiction? List at least 5 of the best known writers of local color.

2. Instead of having her punished for her life of sin, Dreiser let Caroline Meeber in Sister Carrier become

successful. Can you tell why?

美国文学期末考试试卷模拟试题三

参考答案

I: Complete each of the following statements with proper words or phrases. (20%, 1 point for each)

1.Bryant

2. frontier saga

3. transcendentalist

4. Moby Dick

5. Sketch Book

6.Walden

7. Longfellow

8. Civil War

9. Howells

10. free verse

11.Henry James

12. Martin Eden

13. The Gift of Magi

14. Pound

15. The Great Gatsby

16. A Farewell to Arms

17. Steinbeck

18. Mark Twain

19. Environment

20. American Crisis

II: Each of the following statements below is followed by four alternative answers or completions. Choose the one that is the best in each case. (30%, 1 point for each)

1 --- 5: B B D A B 6 --- 10: D D A C D

11 ---15: A D B C D 16 --- 20: B D B D C

21 --- 25: C B B A C 26 --- 30: C B B D A

III. Answer the following questions, and put your answers on the Answer Sheet. (30%, 15 points for each)

1. What is local color fiction? List at least 5 of the best known writers of local color.

Realism first appeared in the United States in the literature of local color, an amalgam of romantic plots and realistic descriptions of things was immediately observable; the dialects, customs, sights, and sounds of regional America. Bret Harte was the first American writer of local color to achieve wide popularity,

presenting stories of western mining towns with colorful gamblers, outlaws, and scandalous women. Harte, Harriet Beecher Stowe, Kate Chopin, Joel Chandler Harris, and Mark Twain provided regional stories and tales of the life of America’s Westerners, Southerners, and Easterners. Local color fiction reached its peak of popularity in the 1880s, but by the turn of the century it had begun to decline.

2. Instead of having her punished for her life of sin, Dreiser let Caroline Meeber in Sister Carrier become successful. Can you tell why?

This is due to a number of reasons:

1) Theodore Dreiser based the novel on the life of his sister Emma. In 1883 she ran away to Toronto, Canada with a married man who had stolen money from his employer. Another sister of his was a prostitute.

2) Like Sister Carrie who went to Chicago at the age of 18, Dreiser himself left home at age 15 for Chicago and started to support himself, doing menial jobs. He understood perfectly well how hard life was for a girl like Sister Carrie in a big city.

3) His sympathy for Sister Carrie is related to his naturalistic beliefs. The naturalists emphasized that the world was amoral, that men and women had no free will, that their lives were controlled by heredity and the environment, that religious “truth” were illusory, that the destiny of humanity was misery in life and oblivion in death. As a pioneer of naturalism in American literature, Dreiser wrote novels reflecting his mechanistic view of life, a concept that held humanity as the victim of such ungovernable forces as economics, biology, society, and even chance. In his works, conventional morality is unimportant, consciously virtuous behavior having little to do with material success and happiness. So Sister Carrie is not to be blamed for her sin of life.

4) His sympathy for Sister Carrie also shows the influence of the teachings of Charles Darwin----natural selection and the survival of the fittest and that of the teachings of Herbert Spencer----social Darwinism. In this novel, Sister Carrie is portrayed as an example of the survival of the fittest in an indifferent world.

美国文学期末考试试卷模拟试题四

I. Complete each of the following statements with proper words or phrases. (20%, 1 point for each)

1.Ralph Emerson’s truest disciple was ______, who put into practice many of Emerson’s theories.

2.On January 10, 1776, Thomas Pa ine’s famous pamphlet ______ appeared, which boldly advocated a

“Declaration for Independence”, and brought the separatist to a crisis.

3.______ has been called the “Father of American Poetry”.

4.“To a Waterfowl” is perhaps the peak of ______’s work, which has been called by an English

prominent critic “the most perfect brief poem in the language”.

5.In his cluster of poems called Leaves of Grass, ______ gave America its first genuine epic poem.

6.______ probed deeply at the individual psychology of his characters, writing in a rich and intricate

style that supported his intense scrutiny of complex human experience.

7.______’s reports of exploration, published in the early 1600s, have been described as the first distinctly

American literature to be written in English.

8.Benjamin Franklin’s best writing is found in his masterpiece ______.

9.James Fennimore Cooper launched two kinds of immensely popular stories: the frontier saga and

______.

10.Ralph Emerson was recognized throughout his life as the leader of ______ movement, yet he never

applied the term to himself or to his beliefs and ideas.

11.Herman Melville’s novel ______ is a tremendous chronicle of a whaling voyage in pursuit of a

seemingly supernatural white whale.

12.In the early 19th century, Washington Irving wrote ______ which became the first work by an

American writer to win financial success on both sides of the Atlantic.

13.After his death, ______ became the only American to be honored with a bust in the Poet’s Corner of

Westminster Abbey.

14.The American Romantic period stretches from the end of the 18th century through the outburst of the

______.

15.The arbiter of 19th century literary realism in America was ______.

16.The poetic style Walt Whitman devised is now called ______, which is poetry without a fixed beat or

regular rhyme scheme.

17.______ was the leader of a new movement in poetry which he called the “Imagist” movement.

18.In 1925, F. Scott Fitzgerald completed his best novel ______. It is the story of an idealist who was

destroyed by the influence of the wealthy, pleasure-seeking people around him.

19.______ was the foremost novelist of the American Depression of the 1930s.

20.William Faulkner considered __________ to be “the first truly American writer”.

II. Each of the following statements below is followed by four alternative answers or completions.

Choose the one that is the best in each case. (30%, 1 point for each)

1.____ was Mark Twain’s masterpiece from which, as Hemingway noted, “all modern American literature

comes.”

A. The Adventures of Tom Sawyer

B. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn

C. Life on the Mississippi

D. The Gilded Age

2.There is a good reason to state that New England Transcendentalism was actually ____ on the Puritan

soil.

A. Romanticism

B. Symbolism

C. Mysticism

D. Rationalism

3.Moby Dick was dedicated to ____.

A. Ralph Emerson

B. Nathaniel Hawthorne

C. Henry Thoreau

D. Henry Longfellow

4.____ usually was regarded as the first woman poet in America.

A. Emily Bradford

B. Ann Bradstreet

C. Emily Dickinson

D. Jane Austen

5.As a literary and philosophical movement, ____ flourished in New England from the 1830s to the Civil

War.

A. modernism

B. rationalism

C. sentimentalism

D. transcendentalism

6.____ is NOT written by Ralph Waldo Emerson.

A. The American Scholar

B. Self-Reliance

C. The Divinity School Address

D. Civil Disobedience

7.Which of the following is NOT optimistic about human nature?

A. Ralph Emerson

B. Walt Whitman

C. Nathaniel Hawthorne

D. Henry Thoreau

8.American literature produced only one female poet during the 19th century. This was ____.

A. Anne Bradstreet

B. Jane Austen

C. Emily Dickinson

D. Harriet Beecher

9.Which of the following does NOT have a naturalist tendency?

A. Stephan Crane

B. Frank Norris

C. Jack London

D. Walt Whitman

10.For Melville, as well as for the reader and _____, the narrator, Moby Dick is still a mystery, an

ultimately mystery of the universe.

A. Stubb

B. Ishmael

C. Ahab

D. Starbuck

11.Emily Dickinson wrote many of her poems on various aspects of life. Which of the following is NOT a

usual subject of her poetic expression?

A. Religion

B. Life and death

C. Love and marriage

D. War and peace

12.It is not surprising to find in _____’s fiction a world of jungle, where “kill or to be killed” was the law.

A. Mark Twain

B. Emily Dickinson

C. Theodore Dreiser

D. Henry James

13.Of the following American writers, _____ had won the Nobel Prize for Literature.

A. Mark Twain

B. Ernest Hemingway

C. Henry James

D. F. S. Fitzgerald

14.The works of _____ reveals the misery of the migrant workers because of the American Depression.

A. F. S. Fitzgerald

B. John Steinbeck

C. Ernest Hemingway

D. William Howells

15.In Leaves of Grass, _____ is all that concerned Whitman.

A. individualism

B. freedom

C. democracy

D. all the above

16.During the period after the Civil War, the American society entered in what Mark Twain referred to as

____.

A. the Golden Age

B. the Modern Age

C. the Gilded Age

D. the Puritan Age

17.____ is often acclaimed as the literary spokesman of the Jazz Age.

A. Ernest Hemingway

B. F. Scott Fitzgerald

C. William Faulkner

D. John Steinbeck

18.Edgar Allan Poe occupies an important position in American literature as a poet and a ____.

A. short story writer

B. novelist

C. dramatist

D. translator

19.Which one of the following statements is NOT true of William Faulkner?

A. He is master of stream-of-consciousness narrative.

B. His writing is often complex and difficult to understand.

C. He often depicts slum life in New York and Chicago.

D. He represents a new group of Southern writers

20.The setting of the novel The Scarlet Letter is in ____.

A. England during World War I

B. Paris during the French Revolution

C. Puritan America

D. America after the Revolutionary War

21.Which statement is NOT true of the American naturalist?

A. They ventured the forbidden subjects such as sex, death, and violence.

B. They stressed the possible triumph of human will.

C. They wrote in a daring, open, and direct manner.

D. They see human beings no more than a physical object.

22.The secular ideals of the American Enlightenment were exemplified in the life and career of ___.

A. Thomas Hood

B. Benjamin Franklin

C. Thomas Jefferson

D. George Washington

23.___ is generally regarded as the Bible of New England Transcendentalism.

A. Nature

B. Walden

C. On Beauty

D. Self-Reliance

24.William Faulkner’s works mainly concern the American _____.

A. New England

B. South

C. Mid West

D. West

25.Washington Irving was best known for his famous short stories such as _____.

A.Rip Van Winkle and Moby Dick

B.Rip Van Winkle and The Legend of Sleepy Hollow

C.Young Goodman Brown and Moby Dick

D.The Fall of the House of Usher and Rip Van Winkle

26.Which of the following novels was NOT written by Henry James?

A. The American

B. Daisy Miller

C. The Golden Bowl

D. The Red Badge of Courage

27.Jack London’s masterwork ____ is somewhat autobiographical.

A. The Sea Wolf

B. Martin Eden

C. White Fang

D. The Call of the Wild

28.Whose fame largely rested on his handling of the international theme?

A. Mark Twain

B. Henry James

C. Theodore Dreiser

D. Stephen Crane

29.___ has been regarded as the “Declaration of Intellectual Independence”?

A. The American Scholar

B. English Traits

C. The Conduct of Life

D. Representative Men

30.____ wrote the famous two-line poem In a Station of the Metro.

A. W.

B. Yeats B. Ezra Pound

C. T. S. Eliot

D. D. M. Thomas

III. Answer the following questions briefly, and put your answers on the Answer Sheet. (30%, 15 points for each)

1. What’s the symbolic significance of the letter “A” in The Scarlet Letter?

2. Why are naturalists inevitably pessimistic in their view?

美国文学期末考试试卷模拟试题五

I. Complete each of the following statements with proper words or phrases and

put your answers on the Answer Sheet. (20%, 1 point for each)

1. The first permanent English settlement in North America was established at

Jamestown, Virginia in .

2. became the first American writer.

3. Hard work, thrift, piety and sobriety were the values that dominated much

of the early American writing.

4. In American literature, the 18th century was an age of and Revolution.

5. Franklin’s best writing is found in his masterpiece .

6. On January 10, 1776, Thomas Paine’s famous pamphlet appeared.

7. The signing of symbolized the birth of an independent American nation.

8. The most outstanding poet in America of the 18th century was .

9. Washington Ir ving’s became the first work by an American writer to win international fame.

10. is the summit of American Romanticism.

11. With the publication of Emerson’s in 1836,American Romanticism reached its summit.

12. Hest er Prynne is the heroine in Hawthorne’s novel .

13.Henry James’ major fictional theme is .

14. brought the Romantic period to an end. So the age of Realism came into existence.

15. The Poetic style invented by Whitman is now called .

16. “Because I could not stop for Death---” is written by .

17. The term The Gilded Age is given by to describe the post-civil war years.

18. Theodore Dreiser’s first novel is .

19. The leader of the literary movement Imagism is .

20. is the spokesman for Lost Generation.

II. Each of the following statements below is followed by four alternative answers

or completions. Choose the one that is the best in each case and put your answers on the Answer Sheet. (30%, 1 point for each)

1. The first American writer of local color to achieve wide popularity was .

A. Bret Harte

B. Mark Twain

C. Henry James

D. William Dean Howells

2. Which of the following is the masterpiece of Mark Twain?

A. The Gilded Age

B. The Adventures of Tom Sawyer

C. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn

D. Jumping Frog

3. Which writer has no naturalist tendency?

A. Mark Twain

B. Jack London

C. Theodore Dreiser

D. Frank Norris

4. Transcendentalist doctrines found their greatest literary advocates in and

Thoreau.

A. Jefferson

B. Emerson

C. Freneau

D. Oversoul

5. Which of the following doesn’t belong to Dreiser’s “Trilogy of Desire”?

A. The Financier

B. The Titan

C. The Stoic

D. An American Tragedy

6. Which is the character who appears in the novel Moby Dick?

A. Hester Prynne

B. Mr. Hooper

C. Ahab

D. Pearl

7. written by Henry James brought him first international fame.

A. The Golden Bowl

B. The American

C. The Tragic Muse

D. Daisy Miller

8. “”was a term created by the French novelist, Emile Zola.

A. realism

B. naturalism

C. transcendentalism

D. veritism

9. Jack London was at his height of his powers when he wrote , which is deeply influenced by Darwinism.

A. The Sea Wolf

B. To Build a Fire

C. The Call of the Wild

D. Martin Eden

10. The Cop and the Anthem is written by .

A. O. Henry

B. Henry James

C. Jack London

D. Mark Twain

11. “Two small people, without dislike or suspicion.” is a line in the poem The River-Merchant’s

Wife: A Letter written by .

A. T. S. Eliot

B.Robert Frost

C.Ezra Pound

D. Carl Sandburg

12. The imagist poets followed three principles, they are , direct treatment and economy of

expression.

A. blank verse

B. rhythm

C. free verse

D. common speech

13. Of the following American writers, who has NOT been an expatriate in Paris?

A. Ernest Hemingway

B. Ezra Pound

C. F. S. Fitzgerald

D. Emily Dickinson

14. Who was the foremost novelist of the American Depression of the 1930s?

A. Ernest Hemingway

B. Ezra Pound

C. John Steinbeck

D. F. S. Fitzgerald

15. The first writings that we call American were the narratives and of the early settlements.

A. journals

B. poetry

C. drama

D. folklores

16. An American Dictionary of the English Language was published in 1828 by .

A. Samuel Johnson

B. Noah Webster

C. Daniel Webster

D. Daniel Defoe

17. Walden is written by .

A. Emerson

B. Thoreau

C. Poe

D. Hawthorne

18. is famous for psychological realism.

A. Mark Twain

B. William Dean Howells

C. Henry James

D. Walt Whitman

19. Which is generally regarded as the Bible of New England Transcendentalism?

A. Nature

B. Walden

C. On Beauty

D. Self-Reliance

20. Which is regarded as the “Declaration of Intellectual Independence”?

A. The American Scholar

B. English Traits

C. The Conduct of Life

D. Nature

21. Santiago is the character in Hemingway’s novel .

A. In Our Time

B. The Old Man and the Sea

C. For Whom the Bell Tolls

D. The Sun Also Rises

22. Which of the following is a much harsher realism?

A. local colorism

B. naturalism

C. romanticism

D. imagism

23. Who is the arbiter of 19th century literary realism in America?

A. Mark Twain

B. Bret Harte

C. William Dean Howells

D. Henry James

24. F. S. Fitzgerald is NOT the author of .

A. The Great Gatsby

B. Tender is the Night

C. A Farewell to the Arms

D. This Side of Paradise

25. The pessimism and deterministic ideas of naturalism pervaded the works of such American

writers as .

A. Mark Twain

B. F. S. Fitzgerald

C. Walt Whitman

D. Stephen Crane

26. Charles Drouet is a character in the novel of______.

A. The American

B. The Portrait of a Lady

C. Sister Carrie

D. The Gift of the Magi

27. American literature produced only one female poet during the 19th century. She was .

A. Anne Bradstreet

B. Jane Austen

C. Emily Dickinson

D. Harriet Beecher

28. read his poetry at the inauguration of President John F. Kennedy.

A. Robert Frost

B. T. S. Eliot

C. Carl Sandburg

D. Ezra Pound

29. With Howells, James and Mark Twain active on the scene, became the major trend in the 70s

and 80s of the 19th century.

A. sentimentalism

B. romanticism

C. realism

D. naturalism

30. “The apparition of these faces in the crowd; Petals on a wet, black bough”. This is the shortest

poem written by .

A. T. S. Eliot

B. Robert Frost

C.Ezra Pound

D. Wallace Stevens

III. Give brief answers to the following and write your answers on the Answer Sheet. (30%, 15 points for each)

1. Being a period of the great flowering of American literature, the Romantic Period is called “the American Renaissance”. Brief ly discuss what the features of American literature in this period are.

2. How does Sister Carrie embody Dreiser’

美国文学期末考试试卷模拟试题五

参考答案

I. Complete each of the following statements with proper words or phrases and put your answers on the Answer Sheet. (20%, 1 point for each)

1. 1607

2. John Smith

3. Puritan

4. Reason

5. The Autobiography

6. Common Sense

7. The Declaration of Independence

8. Philip Freneau

9. Sketch Book

10. Transcendentalism

11. Nature

12. The Scarlet Letter

13. international theme

14. The civil war

15. free verse

16. Emily Dickinson

17. Mark Twain

18. Sister Carrie

19. Ezra Pound

20. Ernest Hemingway

II. Each of the following statements below is followed by four alternative answers or completions. Choose the one that is the best in each case and put your answers on the Answer Sheet. (30%, 1 point for each)

1 --- 5: A C A B D

6 --- 10: C D B C A

11 ---15:C B D C A

16 --- 20: B B C A A

21 ---25: B B C C D

26 --- 30: C C A C C

III. Give brief answers to the following and write your answers on the Answer Sheet. (30%, 15 points for each)

1.

(1) The whole nation had a strong sense of optimism and the mood of “feeling good”, giving birth

to the spectacular outburst of romantic feeling.

(2) The English counterpart exerted a stimulating impact on the writers of the young nation.

(3) Taking foreign influence in consideration, the great works of American writers still carried

typically American romantic color.

(4) The young nation had brought forth its own philosophy. Transcendentalism stre sses man’s

capacity of knowing truth intuitively, and of attaining knowledge transcending the reach of the senses.

2.

(1) In this novel, Dreiser expressed his naturalistic pursuit by expounding the purposelessness of

life and attacking the conventional moral standards.

(2) The novel best embodies his naturalistic belief that while men are controlled by heredity,

instinct and chance, a few extraordinary and unsophisticated human beings refuse to accept their fate wordlessly and instead strive, unsuccessfully, to find meaning and purpose for their existence.

(3) To Sister Carrie, the world is cold and harsh. Alone, helpless, she moves along like a

mechanism driven by desire and catches blindly at any opportunities for a better existence, opportunities first offered by Drouet, and then by Hurstwood. A feather in the wind, she was totally at the mercy of forces she cannot comprehend, still less to say control. The famous picture of Carrie sitting in a rocking chair in her room in the evening, rocking back and forth, is a picture of Carrie’s drifting with the tide. She has no control, no freedom of will.