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二模首字母专练(2015真题)

二模首字母专练(2015真题)

二模专项练习--- 首字母填空

黄浦区

C. Read the passage and fill in the blanks with proper words(在短文的空格内填入适当的词,使其内容通顺,每空格限填一词,首字母已给) : (14分)

As we know, museums are buildings with many

二模首字母专练(2015真题)

precious and important objects(物品) from different places.

They are kept so that people can go and see them. For

example, art museums are places where people can learn

about v 81 cultures. More and more popula r ―design

museums‖ are opening today, h 82 , play quite a

different role. Unlike most art museums, the design museum shows objects that are easily found in our daily life, such as fridges and washing machines.

The a 83 of design museums is that they are places where people feel familiar with the exhibits. Being different from the art museum visitors, design museum visitors s 84 feel frightened or puzzled. This is partly because design museums clearly show how and why mass-products(批量产品)work and look as they do, and how design has i 85 our lives. People can see the better changes of the products. Art museum exhibits, on the other hand, would most probably fill visitors with a feeling that there is something they don‘t understand.

Several new design museums have opened their doors in recent years. Each of these museums has tried to satisfy the public‘s growing interest in the field with new i 86 . London‘s Design Museum, for example, shows a collection of mass-produced objects from electric typewriters to a group of Italian fish-tins. The choices open to design museums seem far less s 87 than those to art museum. Visitors may also sense the humorous part of our society while walking around such exhibits as interesting and unusually attractive toys collected from our everyday life.

奉贤区

C. Read the passage and fill in the blanks with proper words(在短文的空格内填入适当的单词,使其内容通顺,每空格限填一词,首字母已给):(14分)

Naturally, American schoolchildren love holidays. And they get a lot of them each year. They not only have n 81 holidays such as Thanksgiving Day and Presidents‘ Day but also get longer breaks in the spring and during the summer holidays. In fact, kids in the US only go to school for 180 days a year. To students, holidays are perfect. However, parents think there are advantages and disadvantages.

On one hand, school holidays a 82 families to spend time together. Many American parents take time off from work during June, July or August to travel with their children on vacation either in the US or in a foreign country. On the other hand, schoolchildren get much more time off school than parents get vacation time. This means that parents with young children may have to pay more in babysitting or daycare costs. As well, the long summer holidays mean that students s 83 get bored.

二模首字母专练(2015真题)

B 84 going on trips with their parents, American students enjoy taking part in different kinds of activities during the holidays. For example, some kids enjoy summer camps and outdoor adventure holidays. Such trips are great for adventurous students. They also have a lot to offer students who aren‘t usually interested in traditional PE activities. You can take c85 in survival skills. For example, students learn how to make a camp in the forest, w 86 wild food they can eat and how to find their way back to the center.

Students who are not excited about summer camps and outdoor adventures may have lessons in computer game design, filmmaking and photography during the holidays. Finally, the traditional school trip to foreign countries is always popular. Students can p 87 their foreign language skills and experience everyday life in a different culture.

普陀区

B.Read the passage and fill in the blanks with proper words(在短文的空格内填入适当的

词,使其内容通顺,每空格限填一词,首字母已给)(14分)

Many students feel that living in a private home in Britain will be a help to them in learning English, and will also be a good experience in itself. Younger students may

二模首字母专练(2015真题)

feel h 81 in a home than in a hotel, for they can have someone caring for

them like their parents. Many British people like to be the ―host‖ to tourists

around the world, especially to f 82 students. This is not just because

being a host will bring in some extra money, but because they really enjoy

letting someone from a different country live in their house and s 83 part

of their daily life.

A ―host‖ family does not always consist of two parents with children. People like this are often too busy to take care of a student b 84 their own children. However, a widow(寡妇), or a couple whose children are away at school or grown up, often make excellent ―host‖, for they have enough time to spare. Students should try to fit in with the everyday life of the family. There may be some d 85 and misunderstanding – on either side, but it is easy to clear them up quickly with good will and good humour. The secret of your success is to be interested.

And a host tries to create more chances for the student to practice English. He always e 86 the student to speak English as much as possible in the home. He always does something to let the student feel at home and treat him/her as a member of the family, not a paying g 87 . He provides not only a balanced diet, a clean and comfortable room, but also a home environment for the student.

松江区

C. Read the passage and fill in the blanks with proper words (在短文的空格内填入适当的词,使其内容通顺。每空格限填一词,首字母已给) (14分)

Smart Work

Maybe you have seen this in schools: Some students study nearly all the time but they just pass their exams, while some others may spend much l 81 time on their books but do much better in exams. How could this happen? People used to think that hard work is the only way to success. But now they understand that smart work can make them successful, too.

二模首字母专练(2015真题)

Hard workers don‘t m82 working for long hours, while smart workers always think of several different answers to these questions. ―Why should I suffer this?‖ ―Isn‘t there a better way to do this?‖ Thanks to these people, we can use computers instead of the abacus now. P83 ____ in every field is the direct result of ―try to find a better way‖ by smart workers. There was a large soap factory in Japan. Once it received an unusual letter from someone who c 84 that there was no soap in the soapbox he bought.

How could empty soapbox go out of the factory? The engineers checked the producing and packing. The producing was fine, but in about one in ten thousand cases, the packing machines let an empty soapbox go. There was no need to spend a lot of money repairing the machine for such a small problem. The engineer soon worked out a s 85 . He put a large X-ray (X射线) machine and two large computers to find out the empty soapbox. A 86 teaching the workers how to use it, he sat down in his seat, exhausted.

―Sir, we could have solved the problems in a much simpler and cheaper way.‖ a worker said.

―Really? How?‖ ―We can put a huge fan near the packing machine. The wind coming from the fan will blow away the empty boxes and leave the other o 87 with soap. There would be no need for an X-ray machine, two computers, and operating by workers.‖

See, this is smart work. In order to succeed, we should not only learn from the engineers‘ hard work, but also think smart like the workers.

崇明区

C. Read the passage and fill in the blanks with proper words(在短文的空格内填入适当的

词,使其内容通顺,每空格限填一词,首字母已给)(14分)

二模首字母专练(2015真题)

Undoubtedly, it‘s always a happy moment to get some pocket money. But have

you ever thought about how to spend your pocket money wisely? Now let‘s check out

the following tips and learn to spend your money in a b(81) way.

Make a list

When you get your pocket money, don‘t get too happy and impulsive(冲动的). We all have a lot of things that we want. But do you really need them that much? That‘s why it is suggested making a list before spending money. Start with the thing you want m(82) . You can also write down about how much it costs or how important it is in your life. By doing this, you will see if it is n(83) to buy it.

Help others

How about being more selfless and using our pocket money to help others? We all know that there are many people in the world who are in e(84) need of our help. Helping others brings out the best in us and is one of the greatest joys in our lives. So consider using your pocket money to do something useful and helpful, to feel how you can make a d(85) .

Save as much as you can.

There is an old saying, ―Money doesn‘t grow on trees.‖ If you spend all your pocket money all at once, you‘ll have no money u(86) your next ―pay day‖. Wallets some times might not be the best place to save as they tempt you into spending your money. Get a piggy bank or ask

二模首字母专练(2015真题)

your parents to start a savings account for you. Someday when you look b(87) , you‘ll get a strong sense of achievement by saving so much by yourself! Just remember, every penny counts.

徐汇区

C. Read the passage and fill in the blanks with proper words(在短文的空格内填入适当的词,使其内容通顺,每空格限填一词,首字母已给):(14分)

It is a great but difficult project to set up a permanent(永久的)human

二模首字母专练(2015真题)

settlement on Mars. Over 200,000 volunteers from more than 120

countries have applied to take a one-way trip to Mars.

The project, run by a Dutch company named Mars One, aims to send

a group of volunteers to Mars, and because of the physiological(生理上

的) change in the human body after a stay on Mars, there‘d be no chance of c 81 back. So it‘s only a one-way trip! However, that hasn‘t stop volunteers becoming one of Mars‘ first citizens. ―This is turning out to be the most welcome job in history,‖ says Bas Lansdorp, co-founder of Mars One.

Day-to-day life on Mars will be not easy. The daily work will i 82 building greenhouses or doing some research--- all in a lonely environment.

Mars is not f 83 to life. Its atmosphere is so thin that it won‘t protect

二模首字母专练(2015真题)

you from harmful radiation(辐射)from the sun. You can‘t breathe the air and it is

very cold on Mars, with an average temperature of around -50°C. There‘s no

running water on the surface of Mars. The water is frozen or hidden u 84 .

But Mars One says the project is not looking for volunteers with some skill,

such as a science degree.

I 85 , they are looking for people who have ―a deep sense of purpose and responsibility‖. As the first group of people living on Mars, volunteers should be ―willing to build and keep a healthy r 86 with the Earth‖. They also want volunteers who are―curious, creative and good at finding ways of dealing with all kinds of problems‖.

The volunteers will receive at least eight years‘ training b87 they leave Earth, the company says. The first group of 24 volunteers is set to fly to Mars in 2024.

浦东新区

C. R ead the passage and fill in the blanks with proper words (在短文的空格内填入适当的词,使其内容通顺。每空格限填一词,首字母已给) (14分)

People are attracted to a restaurant by more than just good food. Though important, good food is only a part of the whole dining experience. Equally important is the way people feel while in the restaurant. This physical and emotional response is a result of the atmosphere.

Atmosphere is made up of e 81 that makes an impression on people. The building design, the decorations, the colors of the walls, the service and the food create the atmosphere. The right atmosphere can relax g 82 and bring good feelings and repeat customers. The p 83 atmosphere can make the food, the service and the total dining experience seem satisfying.

People want a dining experience—an e 84 from problems and everyday surroundings. The atmosphere should show a feeling of friendliness and comfort, be attractive and interestingly different. The atmosphere is remembered long though the meal is f 85 . For the

二模首字母专练(2015真题)

restaurant owner, this means repeat customers and, hopefully, a profitable operation.

Not everyone wants the same e motional response from a restaurant‘s atmosphere. After working all day long, most people would prefer to eat in a quiet, relaxing atmosphere. However, for those who have worked alone in a quiet environment, a n 86 cafeteria might satisfy their needs. It is, therefore, very important to be thoroughly familiar with the type of people who you will s 87 in your workplace.

Designing the ―right‖ atmosphere takes careful consideration. It should be designed to attract.闵行区

C. Read the passage and fill in the blanks with proper words(在短文的空格内填入适当的

词,使其内容通顺,每空格限填一词,首字母已给) (14分)

二模首字母专练(2015真题)

二模首字母专练(2015真题)

虹口区

C. Read the passage and fill in the blanks with proper words (在短文的空格内填入适当的词,使其内容通顺。每空格限填一词,首字母已给) (14分)

二模首字母专练(2015真题)

二模首字母专练(2015真题)

二模首字母专练(2015真题)

二模首字母专练(2015真题)

杨浦区

D. Read the passage and fill in the blanks with proper words (在短文的空格内填入适当的词,使其内容通顺,每空格限填一词,首字母已给):(14分)

You might think that castles exist only in fairy tales, but castles are real places that were used

by real people long ago. Castles in Japan and in England did not l 81 the same, but they were all used to protect people and animals.

English castles were usually b 82 using stone or bricks. Japanese castles were usually

二模首字母专练(2015真题)

made of wood. In both countries castles had moats, or small rivers, around them

二模首字母专练(2015真题)

to protect people and animals within the walls. The b 83 across the moat

could be pulled up to keep out unwanted people.

Both countries developed a style of castle with inner walls as well as an

outer wall. This meant that an attacker who got past the outer wall would still

not reach the people who lived i 84 .

In the center of a Japanese castle of this kind was a tower that could be

二模首字母专练(2015真题)

well defended(防卫). The lords of the castle usually lived in a 85

building. The soldiers lived outside the castle, but nearby in case there was

an attack.

In England, living in a castle was like living in a small town. Castles were always b 86 places full of farmers, animals, and soldiers.

Today castles are not used in the same way that they were used many years ago. In each country we can visit castles and i 87 how people once lived.

静安区

C. Read the passage and fill in the blanks with proper words (在短文的空格内填入适当的词,

使其内容通顺,每空格限填一词,首字母已给):(14分)

Because deaf people cannot hear, they have special

二模首字母专练(2015真题)

ways of communicating. One way is lip (嘴唇) reading.

With training, people can learn to understand what someone

is saying by looking at the m 81 of the speaker.

Speaking is possible but difficult for the deaf. Because they

cannot hear their own voices, it takes a lot of training to be

able to make the c 82 sounds, and not all deaf people can get this skill. The way of communicating is sign language, which is the most useful in real life.

In many ways, sign language is s 83 to spoken languages though actually there is some difference. The ―words‖ of sign l anguage are its signs. The signs are formed with movements of the hands, face and body. Each sign has a different meaning. Signs are mixed

二模首字母专练(2015真题)

up to form sentences. The basic sign language is hand signs that take the place

of letters. The signs, which are put together, can e 84 the same thoughts,

feelings and so on as a spoken language. And just as different countries usually

speak different languages, most countries have their own variation (变化) of

sign language.

In addition to knowing sign language, it is also helpful to know s 85 about how deaf people communicate. Hand waving or hitting a table or the floor to get someone‘s attention is fine. Also, lots of eye c 86 is necessary. Information can be read from their eyes. Lastly, it is good to remember that most deaf people s 87 think of themselves different from other people, and you don‘t have to, either!

二模首字母专练(2015真题)

金山区

Read the passage and fill in the blanks with proper words(在短文的空格内填入适当的

词,使其内容通顺,每空格限填一词,首字母已给):(14分)

How many people travel every year? Perhaps the moment you

二模首字母专练(2015真题)

are reading this story, more than 100 airplanes will have taken off all

over the world. Today, with more c 81 transport and smarter

planning tools, travelling is becoming simpler than ever. It won‘t be

too long before many new changes of travel will be available. Here are some trends we can expect in the next ten years!

Travel planning in your hand

With the help of technology, making plans for your trip is in your hand! Your phones are becoming even smarter. You can a 82 simple things like flight times and numbers to your phone calendar and set a reminder (提醒). If you want to find local food or a museum, just turn on an app. Isn‘t that advanced (先进的)? For example, Google Cardboard is a cheap virtual reality device (虚拟现实装置) that is used with your smartphone. It makes you feel like you‘re r 83 there. If you want to visit the Eiffel Tower in Paris, the device will lead you to the tower and show you the way to get in.

Airports make a difference

The picture of a chaotic (混乱的) airport is d 84 . Maybe we won‘t see it any longer. Future airport designs aim to focus on a local feel. Travelers will be greeted by local artworks as they wait for their luggage. They will also provide local street food in waiting areas. Now we have some good e 85 . Travelers can enjoy a mini-jungle inside Kuala Lumpur International Airport. The library in Amsterdam Airport Schiphol also gives travelers a unique experience. How should other airports show their local features in the future?

The rise of experience hotels

In the future, travelers may not always stay in normal rooms. They have started to find some i 86 places to make their travel experiences more colorful. Can you imagine swinging into a treehouse by a zipline (滑索)? You can find o 87 in Laos (老挝). How about sleeping in a Trojan Horse? Just go to Belgium. Travelers will look for more fun experiences from their accommodation (住宿) in coming years.

长宁区

C. Read the passage and fill in the blanks with proper words(在短文的空格内填入适当的

词,使其内容通顺,每空格限填一词,首字母已给):(14分)

London was built on both sides of the River Thames. The first bridge was built a 81 __ the river as close to the sea as possible.

London g 82 quickly. Around1600, the population was a quarter of a million. By 1700 it was already half a million and by 1900 it was about one million. In 1750 one in ten of the population of Britain lived in the capital compared with one in forty in France and one in eight in Spain.

Most of the old city was burnt by a great fire in 1666. A 83 the fire the city was rebuilt.

二模首字母专练(2015真题)

Three centuries later, m 84 of central and eastern London was damaged in the Second World War by bombs.

London was once an important sea-port(海港). It was the closest port to Europe. Ships came up the river into the middle of London. Goods(货物) were b 85 into the port and were taken all over the country by canal and later by rail and road.

Today the port is closed. Very few goods are produced today in London. I 86 , it has become a centre for banking. Tourism and shopping are also important.

London is joined by rail and road to the r 87 of the country. Very little is carried on the canals and rivers because these are so small.

嘉定区

C. Read the passage and fill in the blanks with proper words (在短文的空格内填入适当的词,

使内容通顺, 每空格限填一词,首字母已给) (14分)

More play and less work makes for more talented(有才能的)

二模首字母专练(2015真题)

children. Some officials suggested that school hours for children aged 7

to 12 should be reduced, and that they should be e 81 to spend

at least an hour a day on team sports.

All work and no play makes children depressed. Becky, an

8-year-old girl, used to be happy when she finished classes every day, but now, life has become unhappy. To make sure she has enough time for the lessons, she has to study until 11 at night to finish her homework.

Some ideas are offered for helping cultivate(培养) kids‘ talents. The ideas i82 cutting down classroom hours, introducing more team sports for children, getting parents to stop putting too much pressure on children and some other suggestions. It is believed that all these can help train young people to be confident.

―I used to go to the park with my parents on weekends before because I like playing tennis with my dad and I can play well,‖ a boy said, ―But now, I h83 have time to do that any more.‖

―I would like to try other things, such as drawing,‖ Nara said. She was interested in drawing, but her parents thought it was not a bright way for her.

Children now spend more time doing homework than playing, and we all know it‘s quite n 84 for them to have plenty of sleep. A lot of homework and heavy school bags are driving more young children away from a joyful childhood.

Parents believe that b 85 well in school is a sure way to make their children have a bright future. The study showed that about 80 percent of parents said they expected their children to get a university degree or some form of higher education. About 15 percent of students in primary school and 40 percent in middle school said they thought their parents were not s 86 with their marks.

―Parents must always be willing to talk to their children and make them happy,‖ an educator advised, ―Encourage him or her to be confident when he or she faces d 87 . Parents should know what their children like and what they want.‖

二模首字母专练(2015真题)

闸北区

C. Read the passage and fill in the blanks with proper words(在短文的空格内填入适当的

词,使其内容通顺。每空格限填一词,首字母已给)(14分)

二模首字母专练(2015真题)

Tim Cook, the CEO of Apple, showed off their newest

device, the Apple Watch. Mr. Cook said it is the ―most personal‖

device Apple has ever c 81 .

The Apple Watch is a very small computer a person wears

on his or her wrist(手腕). There will be three models with straps

to attach them to your wrist. An Apple Watch will be able to do many of the s 82 things as an iPhone. It will show email, texts, news, health readings and other information. These apps will be customized for the watch. It will be different than just seeing what is on your phone.

Like a phone, you will be able to r 83 calls on your wrist. Mr. Cook smiled while describing this. ?I've been wanting to do this since I was five years old,‘ he said. ?The day is final ly here." Decades ago, a comic strip hero named Dick Tracy talked into his wrist watch, but until now, that has only been something possible in the future.

Mr. Cook said you could capture and send your heartbeat to another person with an Apple Watch. ?This is a closer w 84 to tell someone that you are thinking about them,‘ he said. ?I hope someone sends me one of those.‘

The watches will be a 85 in stores in late April. They will be sold at different prices, beginning at $349 to its high-end model of thousands of dollars. Apple hopes to excite consumers so they will want to buy and wear computers on their bodies. The first smartwatches from Samsung, Sony and LG have not been selling well. O 86 five million smartwatches were sold last year. Another wearable computer, Google Glass eyewear, is no longer on the market. Like a phone, it will also need to be charged each night. It remains to be seen w 87 people really want to carry both a smartphone and a smartwatch.