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Test 2-8题目及听力原文

Test 2

Part II Listening Comprehension

Section A

Questions 1 and 2 will be based on the following news item.

1.A) Armed men.

B)Militants.

C) Civilians.

D) Hard-liners.

2.A) The parked passenger bus.

B) The armed men on motorcycles.

C) The central government.

D) The Islamic rebels.

Questions 3 and 4 will be based on the following news item.

3.A)$14 billion.

B)$40 billion.

C) $2.5 billion.

D) $25 billion.

4.A) Lack of knowledge of climate change.

B) Not enough examples to follow.

C) Shortage of agricultural experts.

D) Insufficient financing mechanisms.

Questions 5 and 7 will be based on the following news item.

5.A) It will rise.

B) It will be stable.

C) It will be lowered down.

D) It will change from time to time.

6. A) To boom up real-estate market.

B) To lower unemployment rate.

C) To finance car industry.

D) To offer food to more people.

7. A) Students with bank loan.

B) Home buyers with bank loan.

C) Low income workers.

D) People with savings accounts.

听力原文

Questions 1 and 2 will be based on the following news item.

Fifteen passengers were burned alive when a passenger bus was set on fire by unknown men in Pakistan's southwestern Balochistan province, an official said.

Naseer Ahmed Nasir, deputy commissioner in the city of Sibi, said four men on motorcycles initially opened fire on a parked passenger bus at a hotel. "The armed men then came close to the bus and splashed petrol, setting it on fire," he said.

[1]He said most of the dead were either children or women.

Balochistan, near the Afghan border, is rich in natural resources. But it is also in under a riot.

[2]Militants there have for years complained that the central government has paid little attention to them and their economic needs. They have been fighting Pakistani military forces for self-rule. Pakistan has said the militants in Balochistan do not have links to the Islamic hard-liners who have launched attacks in other parts of the country.

1. Who were most of the victims according to the news? C

2. What are the militants in Balochistan dissatisfied with? C

Questions 3 and 4 will be based on the following news item.

A UN agency says there are major funding gaps in efforts to help the agricultural sector adapt to climate change. The Food and Agriculture Organization, the FAO, says this could affect food security. The warning comes as the UN Climate Change Conference continues in Cancun, Mexico.

[3]The World Bank estimates it will cost about $2.5 billion a year for the next 40 years---to help agriculture in developing countries adapt to climate change. Other estimates say costs could run as high as $14 billion a year.

However, the FAO says, [4]"Available financing mechanisms are substantially insufficient to meet the climate change and food security challenges faced by the agricultural sector." This, despite the fact that the FAO says there are many examples of how agriculture can become more.

3. According to the world bank, how much does it cost to tackle agricultural challenges yearly? C

4. According to FAO, what is the problem faced by the agricultural sector? D Questions 5 to 7 will be based on the following news item.

[5]The U.S. Federal Reserve announced yesterday it was raising interest rates for the first time since 2006. Known as the Fed, it's America's central bank. It's led by Janet Yellen. Its job is to help stabilize America's financial system. [6]The Fed makes moves to try to lower unemployment and control inflation, when the price of goods goes up too fast for people to afford them.

Because the U.S. economy is growing, the Fed raised its key interest rate by a quarter of a percentage point, not much. But gradual rate increases are likely in the New Year. That means you'll have to pay more interest if you borrow money, higher loan rates for home buyers, higher interest rates if you finance a car, higher student loan rates for people who enter colleges afterwards.

[7]Eventually, savings accounts could earn a little more interest. A decade since the last "Star Wars", and nearly just as long, nine years, since the Fed last changed interest rates. But now, it's time for the Fed to awaken, because after three episodes of quantitative easing, Janet Yellen must now use her most powerful weapon to restore balance in the economy.

5. What will happen to interest rates in the US? A

6. Why did the Fed change interest rates? B

7. Who will benefit from the change of interest rates? D

Test 3

Part II Listening Comprehension

Section A

Questions 1 and 2 will be based on the following news item.

1. A) 10. B)4. C)1. D)50

2. A) Huge Storm.

B) Earthquake.

C) Snow slide.

D) Disappearance of living species.

Questions 3 and 4 will be based on the following news item.

3. A) Art.

B) Harmony.

C) Prosperity.

D) Ambition.

4. A) The bands participated in the concert for economic benefits.

B) All attendees were in red in the event.

C) The concert conducted by a fmous star would last 5 hours.

D) The concert was held just for art communication.

Questions 5 and 7 will be based on the following news item.

5. A) It drops by half.

B) It increases greatly.

C) It keeps stable.

D) It booms in global scale.

6.A) The world ecnomy is booming.

B) There was more demand than supply.

C) There was more supply than demand.

D) Oil production was reduced.

7.A) Oil has been found in more countries.

B) Car industry heavily relies on oil.

C) more alternatives to oil have emerged.

D) New technologies helped people to obtain more oil.

听力原文

Questions 1 and 2 will be based on the following news item.

A new study on climate change says [1]a disastrous 4-degree rise in global temperature is increasingly likely to occur within many people's lifetimes.The studies have been adopted by one of the world's leading research bodies monitoring climate change, the Hadley Centre in Britain.

This latest prediction from the Hadley Centre brings the prospect of destructive change much closer.He challenges the assumption that severe warming is a threat only for future generations.[1]A four degree average temperature rise by the 2050s would bring increases of 10 degrees or more in

some areas such as the Arctic and Africa. It could mean a sharp decline in rainfall in some areas, flooding in others and [2]disappearance of about half of all the world's animal and plant species.

1. How many temperatures are expected to rise globally by the 2050s? B

2. What is the result of the temperature rise by the 2050s? D

Questions 3 and 4 will be based on the following news item.

As many as a million Cubans are said to have attended the free concert in Havana's revolution square that featured some of the Latin America's most popular musicians.[3]Many in the crowd came dress in white to symbolize peace.[4]The 5-hour event included the bands from seven countries, it was organized by the Miami base Colombian rock star Wallace.

[3]"This concert is just about peace, is just about possibility to get together, you know, through music, through art. And this particular case of Cuba have isolated from the rest of community for many years, just because of political belief.So we just want to come here and saying well,we are here, we are the same.So that is the reason why we are here to promote peace."

3. What is the theme of the concert? B

4. What can we learn about the concert? C

Questions 5 to 7 will be based on the following news item.

Crude oil is measured in barrels.[5]Last summer, its global price was $100 per barrel.Yesterday, it was trading at less than half of that, at about $46.50 a barrel.

Why does that matter? Well, the price of crude affects everything from gas prices to car prices, to stock prices. And it determines the number of jobs in the large global oil industry. [6]The current surplus of oil gives us a clear lesson in the economic principle of supply and demand. When it comes to oil, it used to be all about the Middle East. Today, the Persian Gulf still has plenty of crude, but the boom is global. We produced a surplus of 2 million to 3 million barrels per day.

[7]Oil buried deep beneath the earth surface in rock can now be accessed with new technologies like fracking and horizontal drilling. Two years ago, U.S. oil production saw its biggest jump in more than 100 years, and it's not the only country to gain a large flood of crude. Production in Canada and Brazil has also

hit record levels. At the same time, there are more alternatives to oil, like natural gas and renewables. When oil supply exceeds demand, prices fall.

5. What happened to oil price? A

6. What caused the change of oil price? C

7. Why does oil production increase dramatically? D

Test 4

Part II Listening Comprehension

Section A

Questions 1 and 2 will be based on the following news item.

1.A) Close to home

B) Far away from home.

C) Good academic reputation

D) Money-back guarantee.

2.A) Nearly 12 percent.

B) More than 12 percent.

C) Less than 10 percent.

D) Nearly 10 percent.

Questions 3 and 4 will be based on the following news item.

3.A) A viloent hurricane.

B) Long-lasting hot weather.

C) A destructive earthquake.

D) Severe flooding.

4.A) Heavy rains haven’t stroke Queensland for a long time.

B) People in Queensland have done some preparation for it.

C) There was no reports about people’s missing or injury.

D) The bad weather may be tough for couples.

Questions 5 to 7 will be based on the following news item.

5.A) 27 years old.

B) 18 years old.

C) 37 years old.

D) 45 years old.

6.A) They refuse to realize their political power.

B) They hope to go abroad for further study.

C) They have power to decide the new government.

D) They favor the current Congress party.

7. A) The unemployment rate is high.

B) The house market breaks down.

C) The frustrated political situation.

D) Prices of goods rise sharply.

听力原文

Questions 1 and 2 will be based on the following news item.

How do you choose a college? Some of you might choose a school based on the courses that it offers.Some might choose one that's close to home, or really far away.[1]But how about for a money-back guarantee? Lansing Community College in Michigan is offering that deal to some students.If you take certain classes,and if you don't get a job within one year after you finish,you can get your money back!There is some fine print to this.You can't miss any classes,you have to do all your assignments,and you have to prove that you've been looking for a job.It's an interesting idea,[2]especially in a state whose unemployment rate is nearly 12 percent.

1. What may be the advantage for Lansing Community College? D

2. What is the unemployment rate in Michigan? A

Questions 3 and 4 will be based on the following news item.

Well, we're taking you to Australia next today,where [3]the state of Queensland in northeast Australia is struggling through the effects of a powerful hurricane. If Queensland sounds familiar,this same region was hit with severe flooding recently.This time, the disaster is Cyclone Yasi.Yasi could be one of the worst hurricanes Australia has ever seen.We want you to look at this video.You can see what looks like a sign that got blown down,flying through the street, being ripped apart.[4]People in Queensland were warned about Yasi a few days ago,so they had some time to get ready. But one official said it could be a tough couple days.

3. What are the Australians suffering from? A

4. What can we learn about Yasi from the news? B

Questions 5 to 7 will be based on the following news item.

India is home to more than 1.2 billion people and second only to China's population. Because of that huge population and the fact that it's a federal republic like the U.S. India is often called the world's largest democracy.India's population is also young. [5]Its median age is 27 years old. In the U.S. that age is closer to 37.

It's no wonder why so many Indians who are close to the voting age of 18 are realizing they have political power. This is something that country's politicians are noticing,too. Many young people are first time voters. [6]Given that India's youth makes up half of its billion plus population,how India's young vote will determine the country's future.

They are obviously really frustrated with current political situation in their country.The only government these youngsters have really known is the current Congress party Led One, which is in power for the last ten years. [7]During that time, prices have risen sharply. The price of petrol is doubled.Some young people are going to vote for a different party, one that will fight inflation and will take firm action to control inflation in the difficult global economy.

5. What is the median age in India? A

6. What can we learn about the young people in India? C

7. What is the current largest economic problem in India? D

Test 5

Part II Listening Comprehension

Section A

Questions 1 and 2 will be based on the following news item.

1. A) Suggestions for the global village.

B) The increased melting of icecap in North Pole.

C) The explorer’s exploring into the Arctic.

D) The scientific research in Cambridge University.

2. A) People maintain the harmony between the human and the earth.

B) People in the global village do something to stop ice from melting.

C) The researchers in Cambridge University do more researches.

D) There is more and more concern and attention on global community. Questions 3 and 4 will be based on the following news item.

3. A) 57

B) 54.

C) 3.

D) 1.

4. A) Died.

B) Being captured.

C) Being imprisoned.

D) Survived.

Questions 5 to 7 will be based on the following news item.

5. A) The Paris of the West.

B) The heroism of the survivors.

C) 100th anniversary of the Great Earthquake.

D) The immense destruction.

6. A) The earthquake began at 5:00 am.

B) The first small shock lasted fro one minute.

C) Historian Eileen Keremitsis survived the earthquake.

D) The earthquake center was in the ocean.

7.A) The massive shaking degree

B) The uncontrolled three-day fires.

C) The panic of men, women and children.

D) The flood caused by the quake.

听力原文

Questions 1 and 2 will be based on the following news item.

[1]Research into the icecap of North Pole has found that it is melting so quickly that the Arctic Ocean could lose most of its ice during summer time in as little as ten years. Scientists of Cambridge University say recent exploration to the Arctic led by explorer Pen Hadow found ice was much thinner than expected and less dense, subject to rapid melting. Mr. Hadow said the finding should act as a wake-up call.

The long-term view for the global community, this is definitely not good news. [2]But if we can see this for what it is which is the biggest visual cue that we are going to get to manage our relationship with the planet better, then that is a good thing.

1. What is this news item mainly about? B

2. How can the bad news become a good one? A

Questions 3 and 4 will be based on the following news item.

Fifty-seven "militiamen",including several high-ranking officers loyal to militia leader Gabriel Tang, were killed when Tang's forces attacked the Sudan People's Liberation Army in Southern Sudan, officials said Sunday.

Tang's forces launched the attack at Kaldak on Saturday,the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) said in a statement issued on behalf of General Malaak Ayuen of the South Sudan Army.The SPLA is the military wing of the movement that governs Southern Sudan.

[3]The SPLA killed 57 of Tang's forces,including three major generals, according to the statement. In addition, one major general was captured, the statement said.

Tang himself "narrowly escaped" the fighting, according to the statement. Officials said it was unclear why Tang's forces attacked the troops,but the SPLA said it believes he has been in contact with other rebel groups in the region.

3. How many major generals were killed in the attack? C

4. How was Gabriel Tang after the attack? D

Questions 5 to 7 will be based on the following news item.

Thousands will gather in the city center just after 5:00 am on Tuesday, April 18,[5]to remember victims of the Great Earthquake. Organizers say they will also celebrate the heroism of the survivors. One hundred years ago, the first small shock struck at 5:12 in the morning, and the region shook violently for one minute.A center of culture and commerce, San Francisco was then known as the Paris of the West. Just hours earlier, Italian tenor Enrico Caruso had appeared in the opera Carmen at the city's opera house.The singer later recalled trembling with fear as he looked out of the window of his room at the Palace Hotel. He saw buildings collapse, and heard the screams of men, women and children. Historian Eileen Keremitsis is a volunteer guide who describes the tragic story for visitors.

[6]The quake was massive and it was centered just off the coast close to the city. The shaking damaged or destroyed thousands of buildings over a wide area, [7]but Keremitsis says most of the severe destruction was caused by fires that burned uncontrolled for three days.

5. What does the news item mainly report? C

6. What can we learn about the Great Earthquake? D

7. According to Keremitsis, what caused the most of the destruction? B Test 6

Part II Listening Comprehension

Section A

Questions 1 and 2 will be based on the following news item.

1. A) They are lining up for trucks to take them to safety.

B) They want to watch the unusual volcano blowout.

C) They hope the government can provide some money.

D) They think volcanic ash is good to their crops.

2. A) Many people want to take crops and animals with them.

B) Government will offer financial help to the villagers.

C) Merapi will reach its peak very soon.

D) There has been one village being buried by ash.

Questions 3 and 4 will be based on the following news item.

3. A) In Palestine.

B) In Gaza

C) In Israel.

D) In Europe.

4. A) They occupied them by force.

B) Jewish left them to Palestinians as gifts.

C) Private, foreign donors give them these greenhouses.

D) The Palestinian government distributed them to citizens. Questions 5 to 7 will be based on the following news item.

5. A) 10 years old.

B) 13 years old.

C) 16 years old.

D) 17 years old.

6. A) Because she had a Mexican son.

B) Because she has involved in a drunk-driving crash.

C) Because she went to U.S. illegally.

D) because she helped her son flee to Mexico.

7. A) On the east coast of the U.S.

B) On the west coast of the U.S.

C) On the west coast of Mexico.

D) On the east coast of Mexic.

听力原文

Questions 1 and 2 will be based on the following news item.

Thousands of people living in villages closest to the volcano have already been moved to emergency shelters. Many more are lining up by the side of the road waiting for trucks to take them to safety. But still there are a few farmers refusing to move. [1]Without their crops and animals they have no income and cannot support their families so they're waiting until the government offers financial help. Meanwhile, the mountain above them is becoming more active by the day. [2]At least one village about three kilometers from the volcano has been covered in a dusting of volcanic ash. One scientist told the BBC he now believed Merapi was in what he called the early stages of a blowout but he added "we cannot predict when it will reach its peak".

1. Why do some farmers refuse to move to emergency shelters? C

2. What do we learn from the news report? D

Questions 3 and 4 will be based on the following news item.

Palestinians have exported the first shipment of crops grown in Gaza greenhouses left behind by Jewish settlers. [3]Palestinian officials said two and a half tons of peppers left Gaza through the Karni Crossing, and will be sold in Israel. The Director of the Palestinian Economic Development Company said he was very pleased. He said the shipment moved without problems and he hopes this will be a good start. Palestinian officials hope to export a further shipment of produce to Europe, via Israel, next week. Until this summer, the greenhouses belonged to Jewish settlers in Gaza. When Israel withdrew from Gaza, and destroyed the settlements, [4]private, foreign donors bought the greenhouses for $13 million and gave them to the Palestinians. Palestinian officials say access to the outside world is crucial for strengthening Gaza's troubled economy.

3. Where would these two and a half tons of peppers be sold? C

4. How could Palestinians get these greenhouses? C

Questions 5 to 7 will be based on the following news item.

U.S. officials have charged the mother of a young man. It is said that Tonya Couch and her son, Ethan fled to Mexico in November. Ethan Couch was wanted by U.S. officials for violating his punishment, in connection with a drunk-driving crash that killed four people two years ago.

[5]That crash happened when Couch was 16 years old and drunk. He crashed into a car that was on the side of the road. He was found guilty and sentenced to 10 years under observation.

Mexico drove out the mother of the young man on Wednesday. [6]She is charged with violating the punishment of her son. In other words, she is charged with helping her son flee to Mexico. If convicted, she could face between two and 10 years in jail.

[7]The mother and son were arrested on Monday in Puerto Vallarta on Mexico's west coast. U.S. officials located the two when Ethan Couch used one of their phones to order pizza. It could be weeks before Ethan Couch is sent back to the United States.

5. How old was Ethan Couch when the drunk-driving accident happened? C

6. Why was Tonya Couch charged by the U.S. officials? D

7. Where were Tonya and Ethan arrested by the U.S. officials? C

Test 7

Part II Listening Comprehension

Section A

Questions 1 and 2 will be based on the following news item.

1. A) Robbery and kidnapping.

B) Murdering and bank robbery.

C) Kidnapping and murdering.

D) Stealing and kidnapping.

2. A) Prison breakouts often happen here.

B) It is near the port of Piraes.

C) It holds some most infamouse criminals.

D) It is the oldest prison in Athens.

Questions 3 and 4 will be based on the following news item.

3. A) In Germany.

B) In Ukraine.

C) In Russia.

D) In England.

4. A) Indifferent.

B) Happy.

C) Sad.

D) Sympathetic.

Questions 5 to 7 will be based on the following news item.

5. A) In the Java Sea.

B) On the Borneo Island.

C) Near the Indonesian city of Surabaya.

D) In Singapore.

6. A) The bodies were wearing orange clothes.

B) The bodies were about one fourth of the crew.

C) The bodies were not wearing life jackets.

D) The bodies were all naked.

7. A) Tuesday night

B) Sunday night

C) Last Tuesday.

D) Last Sunday.

听力原文

Questions 1 and 2 will be based on the following news item.

This was one of the most daring prison breakouts to take place in Greece. The helicopter landed in a courtyard of Korydallos prison in Athens as those on board threw flash bombs into the area. Amid the confusion, two prisoners managed to climb into the helicopter which took off again, flying to a nearby village. The escaped prisoners then fled with their partners on motorbikes which have since been found near the port of Piraes. [1]One of the men, Vassilis Paleokostas, was serving a twenty-five-year sentence for kidnapping and bank robbery. It's thought his brother, who's been on the run since 1990, was behind the breakout. The

police have arrested the helicopter pilot, who says he was forced to fly to the prison at gunpoint. [2]Korydallos holds some of the country's most infamous criminals.

1. What crime did Vassilis Paleokostas commit before breaking out of prison? A

2. What is the prison Korydallos famous for? C

Questions 3 and 4 will be based on the following news item.

[3]There's great excitement that Ukraine is about to play in its first ever World Cup finals. This country has never qualified for a major football competition before. It was only in the last few years that Ukraine burst onto the world stage. After the Soviet Union collapsed, some of its best players left for Russia. The two nations are footballing rivals, [3]/[4]so many people here are taking great delight that Russia has failed to qualify for the World Cup. Ukraine's opening game kicks off at 4:00 pm local time. Many people will be leaving work early with the government's approval. The Prime Minister, Yuri Yekhanurov, has said that employers should ensure that everyone is able to see the game. Thousands of people are expected to gather in the capital's main square to watch the event live on a giant screen.

3. Where is the news most likely to be reported? B

4. What is the Ukrainians' attitude to Russia's failure to qualify for the World Cup? B

Questions 5 to 7 will be based on the following news item.

Indonesian officials have recovered bodies from the sea near the wreck of an AirAsia passenger jet. The airplane crashed during a storm on Sunday.

[5]Indonesian television showed rescue helicopters pulling bodies from the Java Sea, in waters about 160 kilometers from Borneo Island. [6]The first images of the bodies showed they were not wearing protective life jackets.

Rescue workers had recovered about one fourth of the passengers and crew at nightfall. They found the bodies soon after discovering the wreck. It included what appeared to be an orange life jacket, a red and white emergency door, etc.

Searches from the air also showed what appeared to be a very large object under the surface of the water. It is believed to be the main body of the airplane.

[7]Last Tuesday, AirAsia confirmed the wreck was its lost plane. The passenger jet disappeared on Sunday halfway through what was supposed to be a

two-hour flight from the Indonesian city of Surabaya to Singapore. The head of AirAsia, Tony Fernandes, said he is, "absolutely upset" at the news. Earlier he said his heart “is filled with sadness for all the families involved."

5. Where was the wreck found? A

6. What did the images of the bodies show? C

7. When did AirAsia confirm that the wreck was its lost plane? C

Test 8

Part II Listening Comprehension

Section A

Questions 1 and 2 will be based on the following news item.

1. A) Christmans-time attacks made by Somali rebels.

B) An explosion at a bus station in central Nairobi.

C) The killing of more than 70 Ugandans in Kampala.

D) Blasts set off by a Somali group in Uganda’s capital.

2. A) On Christmas Eve.

B) Just before midnight.

C) During a security check.

D) In the small hours of the morning.

Questions 3 and 4 will be based on the following news item.

3. A) It is likely to close many of its stores.

B) It is known for the quality of its goods.

C) It remains competitive in the recession.

D) It will expand its online retail business.

4. A) Expand its business beyond groceries.

B) Fire 25,000 of its current employees.

C) Cut its DVD publishing business.

D) Sell the business for one pound.

Questions 5 to 7 will be based on the following news item.

5. A) All taxis began to use meters.

B) All taxis got air conditioning.

C) Advertisements were allowed on taxis.

D) Old taxis were replaced with new cabs.

6. A) A low interest loan scheme.

B) Environmentalists’ protests.

C) Taxi passengers’ complaints.

D) Permission for car advertising.

7. A) There are no more irregular practices.

B) All new cabs provide air-conditioning.

C) New cabs are all equipped with meters.

D) New legislation protects consumer rights.

听力原文

Questions 1 and 2 will be based on the following news item.

Kenyan police say one person was killed and 26 injuredin [1]an explosion at a bus station in central Nairobi.The blast hit a busabout to set off for the Ugandan capital http://www.wendangku.net/doc/eb3e6d2d770bf78a652954f5.htmlst July, the Somali group al-Shababsaid it was behind the blasts in the Ugandan capitalwhich killed more than 70 people.Will Ross reports from the Kenyan capital.

The explosion happened beside a buswhich was about to set off for an overnight journeyfrom Nairobi to the Ugandan capital Kampala.Some eyewitnesses reportthat a bag was about to be loaded on board,but [2]it exploded during a security check.Windows of the red bus were left smashed,and blood could be seen on the ground beside the vehicle.Just hours earlier,Uganda's police chief had warned ofpossible Christmas-time attacks by Somali rebels.

1. What is the news report mainly about? B

2. When did the incident occur? C

Questions 3 and 4 will be based on the following news item.

Woolworths is one of the best known nameson the British High Street.It's been in business nearly a century.[3]Many of its 800 stores are likely to closefollowing the company's decision to call in administrators[4]after an attempt to sell the business for a token 1 pound failed.

The company has huge debts.The immediate cause for the collapsehas been Britain's slide toward recession,which has cut into consumer spending. However, the business had been in trouble for years.

Known for low-priced general goods, Woolworths has struggled in the face of competition from supermarkets expanding beyond groceries and a new generation of internet retailers.

Many of the store group's 25,000 employees are likely to lose their jobs. Some profitable areas such as the DVD publishing business will survive.

3. What do we learn about Woolworths from the news report? A

4. What did Woolworths attempt to do recently? D

Questions 5 to 7 will be based on the following news item.

Cairo is known for its overcrowded roads, irregular driving practices and shaky old vehicles, but also for its air pollution. [5]In recent months, though, environmental studies indicate there have been signs of improvement. That's due in part to the removal of many of the capital's old-fashioned black and white taxis. Most of these dated back to the 1960s and 70s and were in a poor state of repair.

After new legislation demanded their removal from the roads, [6]a low interest loan scheme was set up with three Egyptian banks so drivers could buy new cars. The government pays about 900 dollars for old ones to be discarded and advertising on the new vehicles helps cover repayments.

The idea has proved popular with customers—they can now travel in air-conditioned comfort and[7] because the new cabs are metered, they don't have to argue over fares. Banks and car manufacturers are glad for the extra business in tough economic times. As for the taxi drivers, most are delighted to be behind the wheel of new cars, although there have been a few complaints about switching from black and white to a plain white colour.

5. What change took place in Cairo recently? D

6. What helped bring about the change? A

7. Why do customers no longer argue with new cab drivers? C