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计算机专业英语考试

一、判断

1.(×)A web browser is a special device that is installed in your computer that allows it to communicate with devices on a network

2.

(√)data can be a number a word a picture,or a sound

3.

(√)strictly defined,a computer is a data processing device

4.

(√)

one of the benefits of becoming computer fluent is being a savvy computer user and consumer and knowing how to avoid viruses the programs that pose treats to computer security

。 5

(√)trend-spotting programs,developed for business,have been used to predict criminal activity

1.

(√)

The cpu and memory are located on a special circuit beard in the

system unit called

the montherbocrd

2.

(√)

the main difference between a supercomputer and a mainframe is that supercomputers are designed to execute a few programs as quickly as possible,whereas mainframes are designedto handle many programs running at the same(but at a slower pace)3.

(×)Being computer fluent means that you should be able to builda computer yourself.

4.

(√)Embedded computers are selfcontained computer devices that have therv own programming and do not receive input

5.

(√)Currently,the performance of tasks by robot is based on preprinted algorithms 二.写出中文

1.virtual function虚拟函数

2.pointer 指针

3.cursor 光标

4.package 包裹

5. Boot 引导,自举 6 TCP/IP 传输攻之协议/互联网协议 7 DNS 域名服务 8.HTTP 超文本传输协议

9 URL 统一资源定位器 10.instruction 指令 11.output 输出 12.FTP文件传输协议 13 capacity 容量 14 throughput 吞吐量 15 Ethernet 以太网 16 field 域 17 item 条目

三、写出单词

1.操作系统 operating system

2.网络计算机 network computer

3.专家系统expert system

4.调制解调器 modem

5.超文本传输协议 HTTP

6.企业内部网 intranet

7.主关键字 key

8.工作站workstation

9.芯片 chip 10.人工智能 artificial intelligence 11.download 下载 12.防火墙 firewall 13.www 万维网 14.集线器hub 15.程序 program 16.协议protocol

四、以下各段叙述是对计算机专业术语的英文解释

1

(Network computer) A computer having the hardware and software necessary for it to be connected to a network

2(E-Mail) let you send messages to Russia,Japan and so on。

3(multimedia) Combination of media

4(hub) In a network,a device joining communicate lines at a central location providing a common connection to all devices on the network。

5(Window managers) It manage the devices used to exchange information between applications and users

6(DBMS) The software that allows one or many persons to use and/or modify this data 7(insert) To ass text or data to a file while editing

四:在括号填入适当的词

1. When hypertext pages are mixed with other media,the result is called(hypermedia)

2. The(processor)is "intelligence" of a computer system

3. (multimedia) means from the user's prespective that computer information can be represented through audio and/or video in addition to text,image graphics and animation

4. All Intranet related documents are written in (HTML)

5. (Interframe) compression use a system of key and delta frams to eliminate redundant information between frams

6. A computer system has input output (storage) and processing component

7. C++'s advantages include strong typing (Operator overloading) and less emphasis

on the processor

五、

选择

1、the growth of switching has created a new generation of network management tools that help { technicians } cope with the challenges , { enabling } them to correlate. device alarm in order to { better } pinpoint root causes , or to monitor service levels without depending on IP subnetting schemes these new tools nave become essential to coping withthe primary {side } effect of any treatment that significantly increases network flexibility added complexity

1.side better created enabling technicians

2. Alocal –area network (LAN) is a communications network that (interconnects)avariety of device and provides a (means) for information exchange among those devices.

The scope of the scope of building ,the LAN is usually owned log the same organization that owns the (attached)devices ,the internal data rate of LAN is at last several M bit/s the basic of LAN communication over a {medium}shared by other stations

A transmission from any one station is

broadcast

to a received by all other

stations

1 . means 2.attached 3.interconnects http://www.wendangku.net/doc/ed08c81dc5da50e2524d7f67.htmlN 5.medium

A:

4 3 1 4 2

3. Basically a firewall is a

standalone

process

or a set of integrated

pro

ce

sses that runs on a router or

server

to control the flow of networked application traffic

passing

through it

typically firewalls are placed on the entry point to a

public

},

network such as the inter

net conform to the

organization security pol

icies

1.role

2.

P

assing 3.

S

erver 4.

P

ublic 5.

S

5 3 2 4 1

4.All of these applicat

ions will enhan

ce the (quality) of life

and

spur economic growh,Over

half of

the US work force is now in jobs that are information(based).The telecommunication and

information

sector of the US economy now(acc

ount) for 12 percent of the Gross Domestic

product,groing much faster than any other sector of

the economy last year

the(reve

nues) in this

sector exceeded 700 billion dollars.The US exported over 48 billion devoars of telecommunication

equipment(alone).

A

ll: 2 1 4 5 3

1.based

2.quality

3.alone

4.acc

ount

六.

翻译:

1. A

computer system has input,output

,storage,and processing computers. the

processor is the

intelligence

of a computer system.

A

single

computer

system may

have several processors.

E

ach processor , sometimes called the central processing

unit storage from an input device before programs can

be executed or data can be

processed .

1.

一个计算机系统的组成部件有:输入,输出,存储和处理。处理器是计算机系统的核心部

件。一个计算机也能有多个处理器。有时候被称作中央处理机。它只有两个部件程序执行之前或数据被访问之前。所有的程序和数据都必须经过输入设备传到主存储器。

2.

M

any networks exist in the world ,

often with different hardware and software ,

people connected to one network often want to communicate with people attached to a

different one . Form the user

s point of view the web consists of a vast worldwide collection

of documents , every web site ha

s

a server process listening to tc

p port 80 for incoming

connections from clients . After a connection has been established , the client sends one

request and the serve sends one reply .

2.

世界上有许多网络,

它们具有不同的软件和硬件,连在某一网络上的人们经常同连在不同

网络上的人们交流,从用户的观点来看,

Web

拥有巨大的,广

泛的文档。每个

Web

站点有

一个服务器。它通过监听

TCP

90

端口来查看来自用户的连接请求,一个连接建立之后,

用户发送一个请求,然后服务器发送回答。

3.

A

n operating system is the software which acts as an interface between a user of a computer

and the

computer

hardware . The purpose of an

operating

system is to provide an envi

ronment in

which a user may execute program.

W

e can view an operating system as a resource allocator.

A

computer system has many

resources.

T

he operating system acts as the manager of these resources.

3.

操作系统是一种软件,它是作为在计算机用户和计算机硬件之间的一个接口。操作系统的

目的是给要执行程序的用户

提供一个环境。

可以把操作系统看作是一个资源分配程序。一个计算机系统有许多资源操作系统是这些资源的管理者。

4.

Objected

-

based logical models are used for describing data at the conceptual and view levels. They are very close to human logic. Many different models are available to described object

-

based logic

models. The most important among them are semantic data model and

entity

-

relationship model. Semantic data model provides a facility for expressing meaning about

the data in the database. The Entity

-

Relationship model

E

-

R model

is based on a

perception

of

a real world which consists of a collection of objects called entities and relationships among

these objects. An entity is an object.

W

hich can be uniquely distinguished from other objects.

Record

-

based logical models define the overall logical structure

of the database as well as

higher level description of its implementation. Physical data models are used to describe data at

the lowest level.

4

基于对象的逻辑模型用于描述概念层与视图层的数据,它们非常接近于人的逻辑,很多不同的模型可用来描述,基于对象的逻辑模型。其中最重要的是语义数据模型和实体关系模型。语义数据模型提供了表达数据库中数据之意义的设施。

实体关系模型(

E

-

R

模型)是基于这

样的认识:现在世界是由一组称为实体的对象和这些对象之间的关系组成的。实体的对象。它能与其他对象唯一地区别开。

基于记录的逻辑模型定义数据库的整个逻辑结构以及实现的更高级描述。物理数据描述

型用于描述最低层的数据。