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牛津英语模块4课文翻译

牛津高中英语模块4课文翻译

Unit 1 ReadingAdvertisements

Nowadays, we can find advertisements almost wherever we go. We are so used to them that we often do not even realize how many we see and hear in a day. I did some research on advertisements, and have some very important information to share with you.

如今,无论我们走到哪里,几乎都可以看见广告。我们已经对广告习以为常,甚至常常都意识不到在一天中看见或听见多少广告。我对广告进行了一些研究,有一些非常重要的信息要与你分享。

What is an advertisement?

什么是广告?

An advertisement uses words and pictures to persuade people to buy a product or a service, or to believe in an idea. Newspapers, magazines, the Internet, radio and television are the most common places to find them. There are two main types of advertisements---commercial advertisements and public service advertisements (PSAs). A commercial advertisement is one which someone has paid for to advertise a product or service. PSAs are often run for free, and are meant to educate people about health, safety, or any other problem that affects public welfare.

广告使用文字、图片来说服人们购买一种产品或服务,或者接受某种观念。报纸、杂志、互联网、广播和电视是最常见到广告的地方。广告有两种主要的形式——商业广告和公益广告(简称PSAs)。商业广告是为了推销某种产品或服务而花钱做的广告。公益广告往往是免费投放的,旨在就有关健康、安全或影响到公共福利的任何其他问题教育人们。

Does an advertisement tell people the complete truth?

广告告诉人们全部实情了吗?

There are laws toprotect people from advertisements that cheat people. However, we still must be aware of the skilful methods used in ads to try and sell us things. Even if an ad does not lie, it does not mean it is altogether innocent. One toothpaste ad declares, ‘Bright-Teeth fights bad breath!’ This statement tries to fool you into assuming that the toothpaste cures bad breath, yet it does not say that! All it says is that it fights it, and that is not the same thing at all. One grocery tells customers, ‘You are proud of your cooking, so shouldn’t you buy the very freshest food?’ This ad is very clever, because it tells customers they are good cooks. However, it never says that this grocery has the freshest food! The grocery just hopes that when you read the ad, you will feel pleased with the nice comment, remember the words ‘freshest food’, and make a mental connection with the food in the grocery. We must not fall for this kind of trick!

尽管有法律保护人们免受虚假广告的侵害。但是我们仍然应该了解广告中试图向我们兜售东西的常用技巧。即使一则广告没有撒谎,也并不意味着它就是完全“清白”的。一则牙膏广告宣称“亮齿牌牙膏挑战口臭!”这一表述试图糊弄你,让你误以为这种牙膏可以治愈口臭,但事实上广告中并没有这样说!广告所说的就是牙膏“挑战”口臭,这和“治愈”根本不是一回事。一家食品杂货店告诉顾客.“您为自己的厨艺骄傲,难首您不应该购买最新鲜的食品吗?”这则广告非常聪明,聪明就聪明在它恭维顾客是好厨师。但是,它决不声称本店供应的是最新鲜的食品。这家食品杂货店只是希望当你读到这则广告时,你会很乐于

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