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大学英语综合教程1 Unit 5课后习题答案

Text Comprehension

I. B

II.T T F T T

III.

1.Refer to Paragraphs 4,9,1

2. They are, first, to stand firmly for your convictions in the

face of personal pressure; second, always to give others credit that is rightfully theirs;

and third, to be honest and open about what you really are

2.Refer to Paragraph 8. the author concludes that you can’t give in when you know you are

right.

3.Refer to Paragraph 9. This example shows that you should appreciate and accept those

who are smarter and brighter than you are.

4.Refer to Paragraph 12. They usually rely on external factors. They do so because,

neglecting the development of their inner value and personal growth, only their looks or status can make them feel good.

5.Refer to Paragraph 14 They are self-respect and a clear conscience.

6.Refer to the last paragraph. A life of principle will always win the day without

succumbing to the seductive sirens of an easy morality, and will take you forward into the 21st century without having to check your tracks in a rearview mirror.

IV. 1. Integrity means having one’s own norms and rules of judging what is right, what is wrong, which one should not give up for immediate personal advantages. o

2. Integrity is rare at present.

3. An explanation was given for how all instruments and material were used and located

during an operation.

4. When you are right, you should insist.

5. Unavoidably they will do everything possible to keep their looks and status. Vocabulary exercises

I. 1. that is current

2. difficult to find or obtain

3. make an effort to attain

4. Insist on/ Stick to; despite/when faced with

5. Always recognize and praise rightly other s’ achievement

6. behave in a way that is natural, or normal

II. 1. appointed 2. politically 3. account for 4. succumbed to

5. ensured

6. instinctively

7. tough

8. object

9. challenge 10. seductive

III. D A B C B A C A

IV. 1. Morality; morality; ethics; ethics

2. demands; asked; asking; demanded

3. real; genuine; real; genuine

4. preserve; preserve; save; save

V.

1. truthful, upright, frank

2. outer, external, exterior

3. rare, uncommon, scant

4. fire, sack, dismiss

5. resolutely, determinedly, unyieldingly

6. fearless, dauntless, brave, bold

7. unpleasant, disagreeable

8. unfashionable, old-fashioned, outdated

VI.

1. inexperienced

2. rightful

3. impoliteness

4. handful

5. heady

6. straightening

7. sleepy

8. beggar

Grammar exercises

I.

1. Giving instruction.

2. Expressing a wish.

3. Making a suggestion.

4. Giving an order.

5. Giving an order and expressing anger.

6. Inviting.

7. Warning.

8. Forbidding.

II.

1.Take a break.

2.Let’s not stay here any longer.

3.Stop criticizing others.

4.Have another biscuit, please.

5.In this play you be the princess and I be the witch.

6.Go and buy yourself a new pair of shoes.

7.Don’t you ever be late again!/Never be late again.

8.Let us never forget the brave men and women who made the ultimate sacrifice.

III.

1. will/ can/ can’t you

2. will/won’t you

3. will you

4. shall we

5. will/could/can you

6. will/won’t/can’t you

7. will you

8. shall we

IV. 3 5 4 8 7 2 1 6

V.

1. another

2. another

3. others

4. other

5. another

6. the other

7. the others 8. another, others

VI.

And that is exactly what her parents expected her to be--- a world-famous ballerina. Translation exercises

I.

1. 人的一生就像被刚降下的雪覆盖的田野,无论在哪儿走过都会留下自己的足迹。

2. 他们本能地明白:为人正直意味着具有个人道德和伦理的标准,那就是决不迁就权宜之计,也不为眼前的形势所左右。

3. 那些缺乏真正的根本价值观的人依赖于外因---自己的长相或地位---以获得良好的自我感觉。

4. 为人正直就意味着凡事都因其正确而为之,并非仅仅是为了赶时髦或趋炎附势。

II.

1) That psychiatrist, who had talked about his patients, was charged with violating professional ethics.

2) Hanging on the walls of the classroom are some famous sayings, which inspire and urge people to exert themselves.

3) All kinds of commodities are available (to you). Nothing is in short supply.

4) We all trust the president of the board of directors, who is a man of absolute integrity.

5) Before we vote for him, we want to know what he stands for.

6) The defendant couldn’t account for the fact that the money was found in his house.

7) When I saw that he was right, I had to back down.

8) She has been appointed sales manager, for she is both clever and diligent.

9) One of the biggest challenges faced by the present government is that of creating more jobs.

10) The enemy succumbed soon after our soldiers stormed its stronghold.

Exercises for integrated skills

I.In order to learn to be one’s true self, it is necessary to obtain a wide and extensive

knowledge of what has been said and done in the world; critically to inquire into it;

carefully to consider it; clearly to analyze it; and earnestly to carry it out.

It matters not what you learn, but when you once learn a thing, you must never give it up until you have thoroughly understand it. It matters not what you try to think of, but when you once try to think of a thing, you must never give it up until you have done it thoroughly and well.

If another man succeeds by one effort, you will use a hundred efforts. If another man succeeds by ten efforts, you will use a thousand.

II. how, based, leads, chose, discoveries, responses, what(ever), state, direct, Because

Writing

1.Although commercials are necessary for business, they can be annoying to the public.

2.Health is above wealth because the latter cannot give so much happiness as the former.

3.The manager wrote down the name of the new software for fear that he should/would forget it.

4.He still won the game even though he had broken his wrist.

5.My teacher seems to have a ready-made answer, no matter when/whenever/every time I ask

him.

6.No matter how/however much money you are making, you will never be able to buy your

time back.

7.One can not learn a foreign language well unless he studies hard.

8.The lecturer raised his voice so that/in order that we could hear him clearly.

9.People do not know the value of health until they lose it.

10.Just as one cannot judge a person by his appearance, so one cannot judge a book by its cover.