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人教版八年级英语下册重点短语总汇

八年级英语下册重点短语总汇

Unit 1 Will people have robots?

1. fewer people 更少的人

2. less free time 更少的空闲时间

3. in ten years 10年后

4. fall in love with…爱上…

5. live alone单独居住

6. feel lonely感到孤独

7. keep/feed a pet pig

养一头宠物猪

8. fly to the moon飞上月球

9. hundreds of +复数数百/几百

(概数,类似还有thousands of; millions of)

10. the same as 和……相同

11. A be different from B A与B不同

12. wake up 醒来

13. wake sb. up表示―唤醒某人‖

14. get bored变得厌倦

15. go skating去滑冰

16. lots of/a lot of许多

(修饰可数不可数名词)

17. at the weekends=on weekends 在周末

18. study at home on computers

在家通过电脑学习

19. agree with sb.同意某人(的意见)

20. agree on sth. 同意某事

21. I don’t agree. = I disagree.

我不同意

22. on a piece of paper 在一张纸上

23. on vacation=for vacations度假

24. help sb with sth/help sb do sth 帮助某人做某事

25. many different kinds of goldfish 许多不同种金鱼

26. live in an apartment住在公寓里

27. live on the twelfth floor

住在12楼

28. live at NO.332,Shanghai Street 住在上海路332号

29. as a reporter 作为一名记者

30. look smart显得精神/看起来聪明

31. Are you kidding? 你在骗我吗

32. in the future 在将来/在未来

33. no more=not …anymore不再

(强调多次发生的动作不再发生)

34. no longer=not… any longer不再

(强调状态不再发生)

35. besides(除…之外还,包括)与except =but(除…之外,不包括)

36. be able to与can 能、会

37 be big and crowded大而且拥挤

38. be in college在上大学

39. live on a space station

住在太空站

40. dress casually 穿得很随意

41. casual clothing 休闲服饰

42. win the next World Cup

赢得世界杯

43. win award 获奖

44. come true 变成现实

45. take hundreds of years

花几百年的时间

46. be fun to watch 看起来有趣

47. over and over again 一次又一次

48. be in different shapes 形状不同

49. twenty years from now

今后20年

50.be used by sb 被某人使用

Unit 2 What should I do?

Unit 2 What should I do?

1. too loud 太大声

2. out of style过时的in style 流行的

3. call sb up=ring sb.up=call/ring/phone sb

.给…..打电话

4. enough money足够的钱

(enough修饰名词时不必后置)

5. busy enough 够忙

(enough修饰形容词或副词时必须后置)

6. a ticket to/for a ball game 一张球赛的门票

the key to the lock/

the key(answer)to the question不用of表示

7. talk about 谈论on the phone 用电话

8. pay for付款

9. spend…on sth.=spend...( in) doing sth. 在…花钱

10. It takes sb. sometime to do sth.

某人做某事花…的时间

11. borrow …from从….借( 借进来)

12. lend…to 把…借给(借出去)

13. You can keep the book for a week

你可以借这本书一周。(不用borrow或lend)

14. buy sth for sb为……买东西

15. tell sb to do /not to do sth.sth 告诉某人做某事

16. want sb. to do sth.=would like sb. to do

想某人做某事

17. find out 发现;查清楚;弄明白

18. fail the test=not pass the test 考试不及格

19. fail in (doing) sth…在...上失败,变弱

20. succeed in (doing) sth 在...方面成功

21. write sb a letter/write to sb.给某人写信

22. surprise sb.使某人吃惊

(类似有:surprise/interest/please/amaze+某人)

23. to one’s surprise 使某人吃惊的是…

24. look for a part-time job找一份兼职的工作

25. get/find a part-time job找到一份兼职的工作

26. ask sb. for…寻求/向某人要某物

27. have a bake sale 卖烧烤

28. argue with sb = have an argument with sb.

与某人争吵

29. have a fight with sb.=fight with与某人打架

30. prepare for…=get ready for… 为…做准备

31. after-school clubs(activities)课外俱乐部(活动)

32. be/get used to doing 习惯做某事

33. used to do过去经常/常常做某事

34. be used for doing=be used to do sth.

被用于做某事

35. fill… up填补;装满…be full of装满

36. return sth. to sb.=give sth. back to sb.

把某物归还给某人

37. get on /along well with与…相处很好

38. all kinds of 各种各样

39. as much as possible=as much as you can

尽可能多

40. take part in=join in 参加(某种活动/集会)

41. a bit =a little 一点儿

(当修饰形容词或比较级时)

42. a bit of =a little of 一点儿/一些

(修饰不可数名词)

43. be angry with… 生…的气

44. by oneself=on one’s own某人自己/独自地

45. on the one hand一方面

46. on the other hand 另一方面

47. I find/feel/think it difficult to do...

我发现/感到/认为做某事很难.

48. see/hear/watch sb. doing sth.

看到/听见/注视某人正在做…

49. not…until 直到…才(谓语动词一般是非延续动词)

50. radio advice program 电台提建议的节目

51 be original 新颖的

52. leave something somewhere把某物忘在某处

53. sports clothes运动服

54. the same age as=as old as 和--- 年龄一样

55. the tired children 疲惫不堪的孩子

56. complain about (doing sth)抱怨、、、

57.take their children from activity to activity

带着孩子参加一个接一个的活动

58.try to do sth, 尽量干某事

59..be under too much pressure 压力太大

60.a mother of three 三个孩子的妈妈

61.take part in after-school clubs 参加课后俱乐部

http://www.wendangku.net/doc/f34bd6c23b3567ec102d8a9a.htmlpetition starts from a very young age

竞争从很小年纪就开始了

http://www.wendangku.net/doc/f34bd6c23b3567ec102d8a9a.htmlpare…with和---比较

http://www.wendangku.net/doc/f34bd6c23b3567ec102d8a9a.htmlanized activities 有组织的活动

Unit 3 What were you doing when the UFO arrived?

1. in front of 在……的前面(外部)

2. in the front of

在……的前面(内部)

3. in the library 在图书馆

4. get out of/get into

出……之外/进入

5. sleep late睡懒觉

6. sleep well睡得好

go to sleep=fall asleep 睡着

7. walk down/along沿……走

8. take off (飞机)起飞;脱下(衣帽)

9. on Sunday evening

在星期日晚上

10. in the tree在树上

11. on the tree在树上

12. take photos=take pictures照相

13. at the train station在火车站

14. run away跑开,逃跑

15. as+adj原形as 和…一样…

16. buy/draw/make sth. for sb.

为某人买/画/制作

17. walk home走回家

18. in history在历史上

19. for example=such as 例如

20. in the city of 在……市

21. on the playground在操场上

22. ten minutes ago 十分钟前

23. take place发生(强调必然性)

24. happen to sth./sb.

发生(强调偶然性)

What has happened to you?

What’s the matter with you?

What’s wrong with you?

25. of course=sure=certainly当然

26. all over the world=around the world 遍及全世界

27. outside/inside the station

在车站外/内

28. next to 相邻,紧贴

29. close to 接近于;在附近

30. be ill in hospital/bed

生病住院/在床

31. hear about/of 听说(间接听到)

32. in silence沉默不语

33. keep silent 保持沉默

34. an unusual experience

一次不寻常的经历

35. have fun doing sth 干某事有乐趣

36. have difficult time doing sth

干某事有困难

37. have meaning to 对... 有意义

38. become the first Chinese astronaut in space

成为中国第一个太空宇航员

39. a national hero 一个民族英雄

40. be famous all over the world

全世界出名

41. for the first time 第一次

42. at the doctor’s在诊所

43. cut hair 理发

44. take turn 依次轮流

45. in the barber’s chair

坐在理发店的椅子上

46. be scared of sth\sb

害怕某事、某人

be scared to do sth 害怕做某事47. begin a sentence with

以一个句子开头

48. run with…跟着。。。跑

49. say(said) to sb 对某人说

50. be helpful for sb 对某人事有益的Unit4 He said I was hard-working

1. watch soap opera 观看连续剧

2. have a surprise party for sb

为某人举办一个惊喜的聚会

3. go to swh to do sth 去某地做某事

4. drinks and snacks饮料和零食

5. speak three languages说三种语言

6. a hard-working student

一个勤奋学习的学生

7. work on sth 从事某事

8.every Saturday 每周六

9.first of all首先

10.both……and……两者都

11.neither….nor 两者都不

(谓语动词要注意就近和对称原则)

12.most of…绝大多数

13.an exciting week令人兴奋的一周

14.agree on something

同意某人的计划

15.agree to do sth.答应/同意做…

16.pass on (to)传递

17.be supposed to do sth

被期望或被要求做... ...

18.be mad at ……对……疯狂/生气

19.do better in=be better at 在......方面做得更好

20.be in good health 身体健康

21.report card 成绩单

22.sound /feel /smell /taste /look

系动词,一般只能跟adj.做表语

23.sound like听起来像…

feel like 感觉像

smell like 闻起来像

taste like 尝起来像

look like 看起来像…

24.get… over克服;恢复;原谅

25.open up打开/展开/开发/揭露

26.care for照料;照顾;意愿;计较

27.end-of-yearexam=final exam 期末考试

28.not----anymore不再

29.do a home project 做作业

30.be surprised\happy\excited to do sth

做某事感到惊讶、高兴、激动

31.be \get nervous 感到紧张

32.have a very hard time with..

在---日子不好过

33.an disappointing result

令人失望的结果

34.take\ leave a message

捎(留)个口信

35.have a big fight with sb

与。。。大打一架

36.It is a good idea for sb. to do sth对某人来说做...是个好主意

37.to teach in China’s rural area

在中国的贫困山区教书

38.feel lucky 感到幸运

39.people who need help

需要帮助的人

40.something we can do for them 我们能为他们做的事

41.There is no difference between… and …

在....和...之间没有区别

42. the Hope Project 希望工程

Unit 5 If you go to the party,you’ll have a great time!

1. at the party 在晚会上

2. ask sb. to do sth. 请某人做某事

3. stay at home 呆在家

4. half the class/students 一半学生

5. get injured受伤

6. have a great time =have a wonderful\good time玩得高兴

7. take …away运走取走put away 收起来放好

8. all the time=always一直,始终

9. make a living (by doing sth)谋生

10. in order to do sth…为了做某事

11. have a party 举行聚会

12. go to college上大学

13. be famous for… 因……而著称

14. be famous as… 作为…而出名

15. make money =earn money挣钱

16. in fact事实上

17. lau gh at… 嘲笑

18. too much太多(修饰不可数名词)

too many太多(修饰可数名词复数)

much too+形容词/副词太…

19. get exercise 锻炼注意(exercise当―锻炼‖是不可数名词;而当―操‖―练习‖是可数名词)

20. travel around the world周游世界

21. work hard 努力工作

22. wear jeans穿牛仔裤

23. let ... in允许……进入,嵌入

24. keep…out不允许。。进入

25. get an education获得教育

26. take… away拿开,拿走

27. study for the test准备考试

28. make some food 准备食物

make dumplings 做水饺

make the bed 整理床铺

29. half the class 一半的学生

30. the rules for school parties 学校派对的规则

31. children’s hospital儿童医院

32. join the Lions 加入狮队

33. give money to schools and charities

给学校和慈善组织捐钱

34. become a professional soccer player

成为一个职业的足球运动员

35. organize the games for the class party

为班级派对准备游戏

36. play sports for a living 靠体育运动为生

Unit 6 How long have you been collecting shells?

1. raise money for筹钱

2. collect stamps集邮

3. run out of…用尽

4. by the way顺便说一下

5. on the way to..在…的路上

6. be interested in 对…感兴趣

7. more than=over 超过

8. fly kites放风筝

9. start class 开始上课

10. starta snow globe collector’s club

开办雪球仪收集者俱乐部

11. The most common(unusual,interesting)hobby 最普通的爱好

12. listen to music videos 听音乐碟片

13. organize a talent show to raise money for charity 为慈善机构捐钱而举办的才艺展示

14. extraEnglishlessons 额外的英语课

15. haveproblemswiththe language语言方面有问题

16. thecapitalofHeilongjiang Province 黑龙江的省会

17. an interesting city with a colorful history 一个有着丰富多彩历史文化的有趣的城市

18. three and a half years =three years and a half 三年半

19. a pair of skates/shoes/glasses/trousers/jeans 一双滑冰鞋/一双鞋/一副眼镜/一条裤子/牛仔裤

How much is a pair of skates/ shoes/glasses?

How much does pair of skates/jeans cost?

How much are shoes/trousers/socks?

How much do jeans/socks/pants cost?

Unit 7 Would you mind turning down the music?

1. turn… down/turn… up小声/调大声音(电器)

2. turn… on/ turn …off 打开/关闭(电器)

3. move the bike移动自行车

4. in a minute/right away/in no time 立刻,马上

5. be late for school/class=arrive late for school 上学/上课迟到

6. wait in line=stand in line 排队等候

7. cut in line=jump a queue 插队

8. get mad/annoyed 变得生气

9. happen to sb 发生在…身上

10. half an hour半小时

11. at first首先

12. at last=in the end=finally 最后

13. allow sb. to do /not to do sth. 允许某人做/不做某事

14. be allowed to do /not to do sth. 某人不被允许某人做/不做某事

15. in public 当众地;公开地;公然地

16. in public places在公共场所

17. break the rule 不遵守规则

18. pick… up捡起

19. put …out熄灭

20. drop litter扔垃圾

21. keep the voice down控制声音

22. do the dishes洗碗碟

23. put on another pair of jeans穿上另一条牛仔服

24. be at a meeting在开会

25. help me in the kitchen在厨房帮我忙

26. make some posters设计了一些海报

27. clothing store服装店

28. follow…around跟着...转

29. want to be polite想要有礼貌

30. stand in the subway door站在地铁门口

31. cut in line插队

32. stand close to ..靠近..站着

33. have different ideas about对于..有不同的想法

34. feel uncomfortable感到不舒服

35. in all situations在各种情况下

36. in public places在公众场合

Unit8 Why don’t you get her a scarf?

1. fall asleep 入睡

2. give… away 赠送;分发

3. rather than 宁愿…而不是,胜于

4. would do…rather than do宁愿…不愿做

5. hea r of…听说

6. make friends with 和……交友

7. photo album 像册

8. too personal 太私人化

9. not interesting\special \creative enough

不够有趣

10. make a special meal 做一顿特别的饭

11. an 8-year-old child 一个六岁的孩子

12. these days=recently 最近

13. not…at all 根本不

14. different kinds of 不同种类

15. make her happy 使她高兴

16. someone else 别人(else总是后置)

17. improve English 提高英语

18. in different ways 以不同的方式

19. encourage sb to do鼓励某人做

20. make(great) progress 取得进步

21. take an interest in/be interested in 对……感兴趣

22. on my twelfth\twentieth birthday

在我12/20 岁的生日

23. a goldfish—two goldfish一/两条金鱼

24. a pig named\called Connie一个叫Connie的猪

25. from across China

26. enter a test by singing popular English songs

27. come from all age groups

28. the winner of the women’s co mpetition

29. win the prize

30. try to speak English more

31. a spokesperson from the Olympic Committee

32. hear of