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2012年江苏省普通高校专转本英语试卷真题(大二大三)

2012年江苏省普通高校“专转本”统一考试试卷大学英语

(非英语类专业

Part I Reading Comprehension (共20小题,每小题2分,共40分

Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

Passage One

Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage.

Different countries and different races have different manners. Before entering a house in some Asian countries, it is good manners to take off your shoes. In European countries, even though shoes sometimes become very muddy, this is not done. A guest in a Chinese house sometimes does not finish a drink. He leaves a little, to show that he has had enough. In a Malay house, too, a guest always leaves a little food. In England, a guest always finishes a drink to show that he enjoys it.

We should like to find out the customs of other races, so that they will not think us ill-mannered. But people all over the world agree that being well-mannered really means being kind and helping others, especially those older or weaker than ourselves. If you remember this, you will not go very far wrong.

Here are some examples of the things that a well-mannered person does or does not do.

He never laughs at people when they are in trouble. He is always kind either to people or to animals. When people are waiting for a bus, or in a post office, he lines up to wait his turn. In the bus, he gives his seat to an older person or a lady who is standing. If

he accidentally bumps into (碰撞someone, or gets in their way, he says “Excuse me” or “I’m sorry”.

He says “Please” when making a request, and “Thank you” when he receives something. He stands up when speaking to a lady or an older person, and he does not sit down until the other person is seated. He does not talk too much about himself. When eating, he does not speak with his mouth full of food.

1. According to the passage, a knowledge of the customs of other races ______.

A. is very useful

B. is unnecessary

C. is unimportant

D. does not mean much

2. A person with good manners thinks of ______.

A. the older before himself

B. himself before others

C. no one but himself

D. his personal interests

3. Which of the following is NOT true? A well-mannered person usually ______.

A. says “Please” when making a request

B. makes an apology for bumping into someone accidentally

C. sits where he is when speaking to a lady

D. tries to help those who are in trouble

4. If you want to be well-mannered, ______.

A. you laugh at people when they are in trouble

B. it’s all right to speak with your mouth full of food

C. you should stop someone when he is talking

D. you should speak after someone else has finished talking

5. As different countries have different manners, ______

A. it’s unnecessary to learn their manners

B. we should try to find out the differences in the customs

C. it should be wrong to go out of one’s way to do anything

D. learning a little language would be helped

Passage Two

Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage.

I entered St. Thomas’s Hospital as a medical student at the age of 18 and spent five years there. I was an unsatisfactory student, for my heart was not in it. I had always wanted to be a writer, and in the evenings, after my tea, I wrote and read. Before long, I wrote a novel, called Liza of Lambeth, which I sent to a publisher and was accepted. It appeared during my last year at the hospital and had something of a success. I felt I could afford to give up medicine and make writing my profession; so, three days after I graduated from the school of medicine, I set out for Spain to write another book. Looking

back now, and knowing the terrible difficulties of making a living by writing, I realize I was taking a fearful risk.

The next ten years were very hard, and I earned an average of £100 a year. Then I had a bit of luck. The manager of the Court Theatre put on a play that failed. The next play he a rranged to put on was not ready, and he was at his wit’s end. He read a play of mine and, though he did not much like it, he thought it might just run for the six weeks till the play he had in mind could be produced. It ran for fifteen months. Within a short while, I had four plays running in London at the same time. Nothing of the kind had ever happened before. I was the talk of the town.

6. When the author was a medical student, he ______.

A. had some trouble with his heart

B. was a very good student

C. wanted to be a writer after graduation

D. was satisfied with what he was doing at the time

7. When the author wrote his first novel, ______.

A. he sent it to a publisher but it was not accepted

B. he was still studying at the medical school

C. he succeeded in publishing it though it was not a success.

D. he had graduated from the medical school.

8. The author gave up medicine because at that time ______.

A. he thought he could make a living by writing

B. he knew the success of the book was natural

C. he knew it was no risk to be a writer

D. he was quite rich after the success of his book

9. For the first ten years of his writing career after his graduation, the author earned an average of £100 a year, which was ______.

A. a great sum

B. a bit of luck

C. a small sum

D. a moderate success

10. The manager of the Court Theatre agreed to put on the author’s play because

______.

A. he thought the author was a good playwright

B. he liked the author’s plays very much

C. he failed to arrange a new play in time

D. he heard that the author had studied medicine before

Passage Three

Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage.

In the last 500 years, nothing about people –-- not their clothes, ideas or languages --- has changed as much as what they eat. The original chocolate drink was made from the seeds of the cocoa tree by South American Indians. The Spanish introduced it to the rest

of the world. And although it was very expensive, it quickly became fashionable. In London, shops where chocolate drinks were served became important meeting places. Some still exist today.

The potato is also from the New World. Around 1500, the Spanish brought it from Peru to Europe, where it was soon widely grown. Ireland became so dependent on it that thousa nds of Irish people starved when the crop failed durin g the “Potato Famine” of 1845-46, and thousands more were forced to emigrate to America. There are many other foods that have traveled from South America to the Old World. But some others went in the opposite direction. Brazil is now the world’s largest gr ower of coffee, and coffee is an important crop in Columbia and other South American countries. But it is native to Ethiopia. It was first made into a drink by Arabs during the 1400s.

According to an Arabic legend, coffee was discovered by a goatherd named Kaldi. He noticed that his goats were attracted to the red berries on a coffee bush. He tried one and experienced the “wide-awake” feeling that one-third of the world’s population now starts the day with.

11. According to the passage, ______ has changed the most in the last 500 years.

A. food

B. chocolate

C. potato

D. coffee

12. “Some” in “Some still exist today” (Para.1 means ______.

A. some cocoa trees

B. some chocolate drinks

C. some shops

D. some South American Indians

13. Thousands of Irish people sta rved during the “Potato Famine” because ______.

A. they were so dependent on the potato that they refused to eat anything else

B. they were forced to emigrate to America

C. the weather conditions in Ireland were not suitable for growing the potato

D. the potato harvest was bad.

14. Coffee originally came from ______.

A. Brazil

B. Columbia

C. Ethiopia

D. Arabia

15. The Arabic legend is used to prove that ______.

A. coffee was first discovered by Kaldi

B. coffee was first discovered by Kaldi’s goats

C. coffee was first discovered in South American countries

D. coffee drinks were first made by Arabs

Passage Four

Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following passage.

Around the world more and more people are taking part in dangerous sports and activities. Of course, there have always been people who have looked for adventure ---- those who have climbed the highest mountains, explored unknown parts of the world or sailed in small boats across the greatest oceans. Now, however, there are people who seek an immediate thrill from a risky activity which may only last a few minutes or even seconds.

I would consider bungee jumping to be a good example of such an activity. You jump from a high place (perhaps a bridge, or a hot-air balloon 200 metres above the ground with an elastic rope tied to your ankles. You fall at up to 150 kilometres an hour till the rope stops you from hitting the ground. It is estimated that 2 million people around the world have now tried bungee jumping. Other activities as risky as bungee jumping involve jumping from tall buildings and diving into the sea from the top of high cliffs. Why do people take part in such activities as these? Some psychologists suggest that it is because life in modern societies has become safe and boring. Not very long ago, people’s lives were constantly under threat. They had to go out and hunt for food, diseases could not easily be cured, and life was a continuous battle for survival.

Nowadays, according to many people, life offers little excitement. They live and work in a comparatively safe environment; they buy food in shops, and there are

doctors and hospitals to look after them if they become ill. The answer for some of these people is to seek danger in activities such as bungee jumping.

16. The best title for the passage would be ______.

A. Dangerous Sports: What and Why

B. The Boredom of Modern Life

C. Bungee Jumping: Is It Really Dangerous?

D. The Need for Excitement

17. More and more people today ______.

A. are trying activities such as bungee jumping

B. are climbing the highest mountains

C. are coming close to death in sports

D. are exploring unknown places

18. In bungee jumping, you ______.

A. jump as high as you can

B. slide down a rope to the ground

C. attach yourself to a rope and fall towards the ground

D. fall towards the ground without a rope

19. People probably take part in dangerous sports nowadays because ______.

A. they have a lot of free time

B. they can go to hospital if they are injured

C. their lives lack excitement

D. they no longer need to hunt for food

20. The writer of the passage has a ______ attitude towards dangerous sports.

A. positive

B. negative

C. neutral

D. nervous

Part II Vocabulary and Structure (共40小题,每小题1分,共40分

Directions: There are 40 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

21. Wounded ______ he was, he refused to come back from the front.

A. since

B. for

C. as

D. although

22. After the class meeting, she ______ us about her life in the United States.

A. went on telling

B. went to tell

C. went telling

D. went on to tell

23. The owner and editor of the newspaper ______ the conference.

A. were attending

B. was to attend to

C. is to attend

D. are to attend

24. It ______ John and Peter who helped me with my work the other day.

A. were

B. is

C. had been

D. was

25. It’s high time ______ him a severe lesson for being late.

A. you give

B. you gave

C. you’ll give

D. you should give

26. ______, we decided to leave at once, as we didn’t want to risk missing the last bus.

A. Being pretty late

B. As it being pretty late

C. It being pretty late

D. It was being pretty late

27. No announcement has been made concerning _____ on the next flight.

A. who go

B. who is going

C. is who going

D. who went

28. The electric furnace _____ before it can be used.

A. needs repairing

B. should be in repair

C. must repair

D. has to be repairable

29. We can’t enter the room be cause its door ______.

A. locked

B. locks

C. is locked

D. is locking

30. ______ Charles starts a job, he will do it ______ it is finished.

A. Since, where

B. Each time, once

C. Once, till

D. The moment, as

31. Seldom ______ any mistakes during my past 10 years of working here.

A. I did make

B. did I make

C. I would make

D. I made

32. ______ in the park, I came across my former English teacher.

A. If wandered

B. If wandering

C. While wandered

D. While wandering

33. I’m sorry ______ so long. I forgot to tell you in advance that I would have

a meeting this afternoon.

A. to keep you waited

B. to keep you waiting

C. to have kept you waiting

D. to have kept you waited

34. I bitterly regret ______ him the sad story.

A. having told

B. to have told

C. to tell

D. told

35. The house that ______ in the floods must be rebuilt before winter comes.

A. has been washed away

B. has to wash away

C. has them washed away

D. has washed them away

36. “Do you think he will make a good president?” “He is just ______ Bill.”

A. as qualified as

B. more qualified like

C. the same qualified as

D. much qualified than

37. Although ______ alone at home, he didn’t feel lonely.

A. leaving

B. leave

C. leaves

D. left

38. The crime was not discovered till 48 hours later, ______ gave the criminals plenty

of time to get away.

A. which

B. that

C. as

D. what

39. After 15 years abroad, his brother came back only ______ his hometown severely

damaged in an earthquake.

A. to be finding

B. finding

C. found

D. to find

40. ______ the final exam, I would go shopping this afternoon.

A. As for

B. Because of

C. But for

D. Due to

41. By the time you get home, we ______ in Qingdao for one week.

A. will be staying

B. will have stayed

C. would have stayed

D. have stayed

42. If we ______ this speed, we will arrive there in about two days.

A. keep up

B. keep from

C. keep out

D. keep away

43. They are shocked to find ______ water has been polluted.

A. large quantities of

B. a great number of

C. a good deal of

D. a plenty of

44. This university is outstanding ______ its faculty and reference resources.

A. in place of

B. in terms of

C. by means of

D. by way of

45. Liquids are like solids ______ they have a definite volume.

A. on that

B. for that

C. with that

D. in that

46. Her sense of inferiority ______ her unfortunate family background.

A. results from

B. brings about

C. results in

D. stands for

47. With more members signing up, our recreation club needs more ______.

A. sporting equipment

B. sports equipment

C. sports equipments

D. sport equipments

48. He is such a strong-willed person that there is nothing in the world that can ______ him.

A. win

B. defeat

C. rescue

D. attach

49. She liked shopping but she was not in the ______ for it because she was a little exhausted.

A. mood

B. mind

C. state

D. spirit

50. Go back to the factory on time, or you will be ______.

A. hired

B. rented

C. employed

D. fired

51. I would much ______ it if you could help me carry the luggage.

A. appreciate

B. apply

C. admit

D. achieve

52. It has been two years since her brother was ______ with her parents.

A. on contract

B. in contact

C. keep contact

D. come into contact

53. One must obtain ______ from the landowner to hunt in this forest.

A. admiration

B. requirement

C. permission

D. association

54. The pill my mother gave me ______ my toothache.

A. regained

B. restricted

C. relieved

D. released

55. He is in ______ about the job he is going to lose.

A. despair

B. regret

C. defeat

D. risk