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第六单元2

Unit 6 Our local area

Topic 2 What's your home like?

一、语言知识点

(1)重点词汇:

Town ()country ()month ()Mrs. ()Furniture ()Quiet ()Neighbor ()Store ()Bank ()Street ()Corner ()Museum ()Supermarket ()Station ()Mail ()Restaurant ()Hear ()Piano ()Loud ()Really ()End ()Road ()People ()Child ()Close ()Far ()Service ()Area ()

Stop ()Fan ()

Line ()Bad ()Someone ()Check ()Move ()City ()Traffic ()Cost ()

Yard ()London ()

at the end of () a lot of ()close to ()right now ()

far from ()

(2)句子

1.Do you live with your grandparents?

2.Looking for a quiet double room under ¥300 per month.

3.Would you like me to help?

4.What’s the matter?

5.I can hear you playing the piano.

6.…, but I’m afraid it’s too loud.

7.There are a lot of tall buildings and small gardens in our community.

8.There are many shops and restaurants close to my home.

9.My kitchen fan doesn’t work.

10.Sorry, I can’t hear you. The line is bad.

11.There is something wrong with my kitchen fan.

12.OK, I’ll get someone to check it right now.

13.The traffic is heavy and the cost of living is high.

14.People like living in a house with a garden.

二、课文讲解

1.Do you live with your grandparents? 你与你祖父母住在一起吗?

live with…与……住在一起

with在这儿是“和,与,跟,同”的意思。

链接:with还有“有,伴有,带有”的意思。如:

Someone wants to rent a house with furniture.

有人想租带有家具的房子。

2.Looking for a quiet double room under ¥300 per month. 找一间安静的双人间,价格在每月300元以下。(1)quiet安静的

链接:quiet的近义词:silent沉默的

quiet强调环境的安静或人为动作轻而形成的安静;silent则指没有人为的语言或声音而形成的安静,有“不说话的,安静的,静悄悄的”的意思。如:

Keep quiet, please. 请保持安静。

This is a nice and quiet place. 这是个清静宜人的地方。 He is a silent man. 他是个沉默寡言的人。

In the early morning, the village is quite silent. 清晨的村子一片寂静。

(2)per month每月,per是介词,意思是“每”。

类似的说法还有:per hour每小时,per day每天,per week每周。

如果对per加名词短语提问频率,一般用how often。如:

I go to see my parents per week.(对画线部分提问)我每周去看我的父母。

How often do you go to see your parents? 你多久去看望一次你的父母?

3.for rent和wanted的用法

rent意为:“租用,租借,租金”,for rent意为“出租,招租”,尤其用于广告;wanted意为“求租”,还可以指“被通缉的”。如: This is a room for rent. 这是一间出租房。

The man wanted is his brother. 被通缉的那个人是他的哥哥。

4.What’s the matter? 什么事啊?

matter作名词,意为“问题,要紧事,事情”。如:

They had important matters to do. 他们有重要的事情要做。

What’s the matter with sb./ sth.?

= What’s wro ng with sb. / sth.?

= What’s the trouble with sb./ sth.? 某人/某物怎么啦?链接:matter作动词,意为“要紧,有重大关系”。如:It doesn’t matter. 没关系。

It doesn’t matter to me what you do. 你做什么我都无所谓。

5.I hear you playing the piano. 我听到你在弹钢琴。(1)hear sb. doing sth. 听见某人正在做某事。hear为感官动词,后跟动词的-ing形式作宾补,表示正在进行的动作;还可以跟动词原形作宾补,表示已经发生的动作。常见的感官动词除了hear以外,还有see, watch, find, feel 等等。如:

I hear them singing songs in the next room.

我听到他们正在隔壁唱歌。(正在唱歌)

I often hear them sing songs in the next room.

我经常听到他们在隔壁唱歌。(已经发生)

(2)play the piano弹钢琴

乐器之前要加定冠词the,但乐器拼写方法为汉语拼音时,如erhu前不加定冠词;球类之前不加the或a。如: play the guitar弹吉他

play the violin拉小提琴

play the drum敲鼓

play basketball打篮球

play football踢足球

play volleyball打排球

6.…, but I’m afraid it’s too l oud. 但恐怕(音乐的)声音太大了。

(1)“I’m afraid”常用于礼貌语,委婉地说出令人不快、失望或感到遗憾的事,意为“我怕,恐怕,很遗憾”。如:I can’t help you, I’m afraid. 恐怕我帮不了你的忙。

I’m afraid we can’t come. 很遗憾,我们来不了。

(2)too副词,意为“太,过分”,在句中修饰形容词loud。如:

I got up too late this morning. 今天早上我起得太晚了。链接:too还可以用在句子的末尾,意为“也”。如:

Tom likes Chinese, and Kate likes Chinese, too.

汤姆喜欢学汉语,凯特也喜欢学汉语。

拓展:too…to…意为“太……而不能……”,too后接形容词或副词,to后接动词(短语)。如:

The girl is too young to go to school. 那个女孩年龄太小(还)不能去上学。

He got up too late to catch the early bus. 他由于起床太

晚(而)没能赶上早班车。 7.There are a lot of tall buildings and small gardens in our community. 在我们这个社区有许多高大的建筑和小花园。

(1)句中a lot of意为“许多”,后面既可跟可数名词的复数也可跟不可数名词。如:

Are there a lot of books on the desk? 书桌上有很多书吗?

We have a lot of work to do today. 今天我们有许多工作要做。

(2)tall意为“高的”,常用来指人、树、烟囱及动物的高度,如:a tall boy/ horse/tree一个高个的男孩/一匹高大的马/一棵大树;指建筑物的高可用tall也可用high,如:a tall/high building一个高大的建筑物

拓展:high意为“高大的”,常用来修饰山岳以及不与地面接触的人或物。如:

He is high up in the tree. 他高高地待在树上。

This is a high mountain. 这是一座高山。

8.There are many shops and restaurants close to my home. 靠近我家有许多商店和饭馆。

close to介词短语离……近,靠近。如:

My home is close to the school. 我家离学校很近。

拓展:close作动词,意为“关,关闭,闭上”。如:

She closed the gate behind her. 她随手关上了身后的大门。

close作形容词,意为“亲密的,近的”。如:

He is my close friend. 他是我亲密的朋友。

9.My kitchen fan doesn’t work. 我厨房的排气扇坏了。句中work为动词,意为“工作,运转”。如:

I work in a middle school. 我在一所中学工作。

They work very hard here. 他们在这儿工作很努力。

拓展:work亦可用作不可数名词,意为“工作”。如: Han Mei doesn’t like her work at all. 韩梅一点儿也不喜欢她的工作。

10.Sorry, I can’t hear you. The line is bad. 对不起,我听不见,线路坏了。

(1)hear意为“听见,听到”,是及物动词。如:

I can hear the dog barking. 我能听到狗叫。

I hear what you are saying. 我听到你说的话了。

(2)bad形容词,意为“坏的,不好的”。如:

I’m havi ng a really bad day. 我今天倒霉透了。

Smoking is bad for your health. 吸烟有害健康。

11.There is something wrong with my kitchen fan. 我家厨房的排气扇出毛病了。

There is something wrong with…意为“……出毛病了”。亦可简化为Something is wrong with…

如:

Something is wrong with my bike, so I have to go to work on foot today.

我的自行车出毛病了,所以今天我不得不步行去上班了。

12.OK, I'll get someone to check it right now. 好的,

我会马上找人去检查一下(厨房排气扇)。

(1)get sb. to do sth. 派某人去做某事。其中,某人(sb.)是动词不定式“to do sth.”的逻辑主语。如:

He always gets me to help his friend. 他总让我帮他的朋友。

(2)someone某人,是不定代词,与somebody意思相同。相类似的结构有:

anyone/anybody任何人,

everyone/everybody每个人,

something/anything某物,

everything每样东西,

nothing没东西。

(3)right now立即,马上,相当于at once。如:

We must finish our work right now/ at once. 我们必须马上完成我们的工作。

I should book a ticket right now/ at once. 我应当马上订张票。

13.The traffic is heavy and the cost of living is high. (在城市里)交通拥挤,生活消费高。

(1)the cost of living生活开销,其中cost是名词,意为“花费,费用”。如:

the high/low cost of housing高昂/低廉的住房费用

拓展:cost亦可用作动词,其主语通常是“物”。如:

I didn’t buy the book because it cost too much. 我没买那本书是因为它太贵了。

It cost me 500 yuan to buy the bike. 买那辆自行车花了

我500元钱。

A rose costs 10 yuan. 一枝玫瑰10元钱。

(2)high形容词,意为“价格高,消费高,温度高等”。如:

The price of the computers is high these days. 近日电脑

的价格很高。

a high temperature/speed/price高温/速/价

high还指离开地面的高度和距离。如:

The shelf is too high for me to reach. 架子太高了,我够不着。

Qomolangma is the world’s highest. 珠穆朗玛峰是世界最高峰。

(3)heavy形容词,意为“多的,繁忙的,紧张的”。如:

She had a heavy day yesterday. 昨天她忙了一天。

链接:heavy形容词,还有“重的、大的”。如:

The bag is too heavy for her to carry. 这包太重了,她拿不动。

The rain is heavy. 雨很大。

14.People like living in a house with a garden. 人们喜欢住在带有花园的房子里。

(1)people集合名词,单复数同形,意为“人们”。如: People should obey the public rules. 人们应当遵守公共规章制度。

(2)like doing sth.“喜欢做某事”,意为“有某种爱好或习惯”。如: The old man likes fishing very much. 那位老人非常喜欢钓鱼。

Linda likes speaking English. 琳达喜欢说英语。

(3)a house with a garden一座带有花园的房子。其中with a garden为介词短语作后置定语,修饰house。如: a girl with golden hair and blue eyes一位金发碧眼的女孩子

15.What do you think of your neighbors? 你觉得你的邻居怎么样?

What do you think of…意为“你觉得……怎样”,相当于How do you like…?

What do you think of your English teacher? 你觉得你的英语老师怎么样?

亦可以说成:How do you like your English teacher? 三、练习

Ⅰ、单项选择

l. We____ help others in trouble.

A. should

B. can't

C. shouldn't

D. mustn't

2. You look_____ What's wrong, Keny?

A. sad

B. sadly

C. happy

D. happily

3. This is my __________ pencil-box.

A. friends

B. friend of

C. friend's

D. friend

4. —_______is Shenzhen?

—It's_______ Hong kong.

A. What, in

B. How, behind

C. Who, on

D. Where, near

5. Your mother isn't at home. You must ___ your sister.

A. look

B. look at

C. look like

D. look after

6. —_____ can you see on the wall?

—A map.

A. Where

B. What

C. How

D. Who

7. Shenyang is about 2 kilometers ____ Beijing.

A. for

B. far away

C. away from

D. far from

8. We are going to Japan _____ ship.

A. at

B. by

C. in

D. for

9. He gets up at six__ every day.

A. /

B. at

C. in

D. next

10. He likes rice______ lunch.

A. in

B. at

C. for

D. on

11.—_____. Is there a post office near here? —Yes, _____ over there.

A. Sorry; it’s

B. Sorry; it

C. Excuse me; it’s

D. Excuse me; it 12.Are you living ____ the supermarket?

A. close

B. close to

C. in

D. near to

13.Many families with young children are my neighbors but they are _____.

A. friendly

B. kind

C. quiet

D. not quiet

14.—I’m hungry. Let’s go to the _____.

—Me too. OK, let’s _____.

A. restaurant; go

B. restaurant; /

C. movies; go

D. movies; /

15.Mr. Blake is keeping his money in the _____.

A. shop

B. supermarket

C. bank

D. bookstore

16.—Can I park the car here?

—Sorry, the _____ is full.

A. park

B. parking lot

C. house

D. park lot

17.His grandfather lives in a farm house. It’s _____ the city.

A. far from

B. next to

C. in front of

D. near

18.There are many good restaurants _____ the area.

A. near

B. on

C. to

D. in

19.—How much is the _____?

—______ $ 300 a month.

A. rent; There’re

B. rent; It’s

C. rents; There’re

D. rents; It’s

20.This program _____ a lot ____ the history.

A. sees; about

B. shows; about

C. see; of

D. show; about

21.I want _____ a small apartment.

A. rent

B. to rent

C. renting

D. rents

22.Please call me _____ 6768772.

A. at

B. to

C. for

D. with

23.—What’s your home _____? —My home is _____ apartment.

A. look; a

B. like; a

C. look; an

D. like; an

24.He ____ looking _____ a single room.

A. is; at

B. is; for

C. /; for

D. /; at

25.Lee comes from a family _____ three.

A. to

B. of

C. in

D. with

Ⅱ、从B栏中找出与A栏相搭配的答语

A

( ) l. Who's that tall girl with long black hair?

( ) 2. What does Mike look like?

( ) 3. Does your father like basketball or football?

( ) 4. What does Tom’s friend do?

( ) 5. Does your friend like English?

B

A. He likes football.

B. Yes, he does.

C. That's John' s sister.

D. He is a student.

E. He is tall.

Ⅲ、完型填空 It's a fine day today. The children are helping the farmers with 1 work on the farm. They are 2 hard. Look! They are picking apples. Han Meimei is lifting 3 ladder. Now she is holding it 4 Jim. Jim 5 climbing up the ladder. He is picking apples ____6____that tree. Some of the apples ____7____ high. It's hard ____8____ them. “Don't worry____9____ me. I' m coming down the ladder.” says Jim.

They are picking a lot of ____10____ . Li Lei has more apples than Jim.

l. A. them B. their C. they D. me

2. A. work B. picking C. working D. pick

3. A. the B. an C. / D. a

4. A. for B. to C. of D. with

5. A. be B. is C. by D. are

6. A. by B. for C. on D. in

7. A. is B. are C. was D. being

8. A. to reach B. reaching C. to reach to D. being

9. A. about B. with C. for D. of

10. A. apple B. ladder C. apples D. ladders

Ⅳ、判断正(T)误(F)

Dear Mike

How are you? I'm very excited because the Dragon Boat Festival is coming. People usually eat ice dumplings and have Dragon Boat Races to celebrate it.

There are sweet rice dumplings and salty rice dumplings. I don't like rice dumplings very much. I hate the sweet ones with beans. I would rather have salty ones.

I love taking photographs. I am going to take some photographs of the Dragon Boat Races on the fifth day of the fifth lunar month. I’ll send you some photographs.

Yours

Li Hong ( ) l.Li Hong is very excited because the Spring Festival is coming.

( ) 2.There are two kinds of rice dumplings, one is sweet ones, the other is salty ones.

( ) 3. People usually eat mooncakes in the Dragon Boat Festival.

( ) 4. Li Hong loves taking photographs.

( ) 5. Li Hong and Mike are pen-friends. 参考答案:

Ⅰ、

1—5 AACDD 6—10 BCBAC 11—15 CBCAC 16—20 BADBB 21—25 BADBB Ⅱ、

1—5 CEADB Ⅲ、

1—5 BCDAB 6—10 CBAAC Ⅳ、

1—5 FTFTT