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2019年中考英语试题分项版解析汇编第01期专题24阅读理解新闻报道或人生百味类含解析

专题24 阅读理解(新闻报道或人生百味类)

1.【2017年山东枣庄】阅读理解。阅读下列短文,从所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,选出最佳选项。The Silk Road is the name of different roads that long ago co nnected Europe, Africa and Asia. People reached these different places along these roads. Scientists believe people began to travel the Silk Road about 3000 years ago. By the time the Chinese silk trade became important in the world, the Silk Road covered almost 6500 kilometers. It spread from Rome to China, which is from the West to the Far East.

Traders travelling along the Silk Road carried silk, of course. They also carried and traded spices (香料),cloth, valuable stones and gold.

There is a famous old story along the old road. It is said that Roman soldiers(士兵)travelled through central Asia. They started to live somewhere near the ancient Chinese village of Liqian. Some of these Romans married local Chinese women and the story of blue-eyed villages of China was started.

During its busiest period, the Silk Road allowed people from many different cultures and countries to meet each other and mix. The Silk Road allowed the sharing of valuable goods and new ideas. These included people and trading goods from the Mediterranean, Persian, Magyar, Armenian, Bactrian, Indian and Chine se areas. All these peoples travelled the Silk Road, and they shared goods, stories, languages, and cultures.

In modern times, the old Silk Road routes(路线)are still used, but now they are crossed by trains instead of camels and horses. There is even a Silk Rout e Museum in Jiuquan in China. It has over 35,000 objects from all along the Silk Road. In this way, China protects the history of many countries and peoples.

31. How many kilometers did the Silk Road cover?

A. About 3000.

B. Nearly 6500.

C. Almost 2000

D. Over 35,000

32. Traders carried all kinds of goods along the Silk Road. Which of the following is not mentioned in the passage?

A. Silk

B. Cloth.

C. Gold.

D. Tea.

33. Who married ancient Chinese women in the story of blue-eyed villages of China?

A. Asian soldiers.

B. African soldiers.

C. European soldiers.

D. American soldiers.

34. What can we infer(推断)from the passage?

A. Valuable things could not be sold along the Silk Road.

B. The Silk Road allowed people from different countries to mix.

C. Ancient Chinese along the Slik Road may be able to speak different languages.

D. The objects in the museum in Jiuquan in China are from all along the Silk Road.

35. Which part of a magazine can this passage come from?

A. History and Geography.

B. Sports World.

C. Man and Animals.

D. Popular Science. 【答案】

31.B

32.D

33.C

34.C

35.A

【解析】

2019年中考英语试题分项版解析汇编第01期专题24阅读理解新闻报道或人生百味类含解析

流融合,由此可知人们使用不同的语言,可能为了贸易的需要,故选C。

35.A推理判断题。题干意为:这篇文章来自于杂志的哪一个部分?A项:历史和地理;B项:体育世界;C 项:人与动物;D项:大众科学。通读全文可知,本篇文章讲的是丝绸之路,与历史、地理有关,故选A。考点:新闻报道类短文阅读。

2.【2017年浙江金华】阅读理解

阅读下面短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出最佳选项。

World’s history in one place

Is it possible to put millions of years of t he world’s history into one building? The British Museum seems to think so. "

A history of the World in 100 Objects", an exhibition about rare and ancient objects from the world, has made it a success.

The British Museum says it owns at least 8 million historical objects. But why choose these 100 objects to tel stories of our world's history?

It all started with a challenge(挑战).

Neil MacGregor, who was once director of the British Museum, was asked by BBC to choose 100 objects from the museum's huge collection. The objects had to include things from the beginning of human history about 2 million years ago to the present day.

MacGregor accepted, and took four years to choose each object himself.

In 2010, MacGregor appeared on BBC radio, giving a detailed(详细的)explanation of each object. The show was a big hit and all these 100 objects were shown in the British Museum. A book with photos of each object soon followed.

"The objects h ad to cover the whole world, from a cooking pot to a golden galleon, from a Stone Age tool to a credit card." MacGregor wrote.

The collection includes many important objects from China. There is a banknote from the Ming Dynasty, showing China as the first country to use paper money.

But it’s not just ancient things that are shown. Among them are some modern things like a solar-powered lamp and even a throne made of weapons created by an African artist.

“Of course, the collection could only be ‘a’ history of the world. But it is still a history that people in the present world need to know.” MacGregor wrote.

34. “A history of the World in 100 Objects” is a(n) ________.

A. TV programme about Africa

B. challenge of scientific research

C. book about modern development

D. exhibition of the world’s history

35. We can learn that the BBC programme by Neil MacGregor was _______.

A. successful

B. expensive

C. regular

D. traditional

36. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?

A. The objects shown cover half of the world.

B. Neil MacGregor used to be director of BB

C.

C. China was the first country to use paper money.

D. The British Museum owns 2 million historical objects.

【答案】

34.D

35.A

36.C

【解析】

2019年中考英语试题分项版解析汇编第01期专题24阅读理解新闻报道或人生百味类含解析

paper money.可知中国是第一个使用纸币的国家,故选C。考点:新闻报道类短文阅读。