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托福听力词汇

TO托福班同学,

送给你们,部分中文翻译欠奉,各位辛苦,祝大家取得好成绩.

Rose

tuition 学费credit system 学分制semester/term 学期course guideline 课程纲要required course 必修课elective

course 选修课seminar 高级研讨性课mid-term exam 期中考final exams = finals 期末考subjective test 主观性测试objective test

客观性测试pop quiz 抽查式测验major 主修minor 副修exemption 免修

syllabus 教学大纲diploma, degree, certificate 文凭,学位

,证书course, coursework 课程

Theory, meteorologist,

centripetal force, gravitation, form

counter clockwise,

storm, inward, rotate, direction

Hail, frost, blizzard, drizzle, flake, breeze

sandstorm, tornado, typhoon, flood,

hurricane, earthquake, earth crust, tsunami, global warming

Astronomer

AstronautAstrology

ObservatoryCelestial body

Planetarium

Light yearPlanetSatellite

AsteroidStar

Meteorite

CometConstellation

Galaxy

Mercury

MarsEarth

Venus

JupiterSaturn

Uranus

Neptune

Pluto

RotationRevolution

Leap yearCommon year

Milky Way

Solar systemtelescope

Interstellar matter

Star systems

Clusters of galaxies

Positions and motions of the bodies

Mathematical study of

Theory of gravitation

Chemical composition

Spectrum analysis

Laws of physics

cosmology

automobile(auto; car)

taxicab(cab; taxi)

trolley bus (trolley coach)

shuttle bus 区间性公共汽车motorcycle 摩托车pedal 脚蹬;踏板,鳍

vehicle

transport

transportationpublic transportationpavement,

sidewalk车道,人行道

road maintenance

gear

engine

tank

brake

exhaust

garage

license parking

作业类

thesis/essay/dissertation 论文

assignment 作业homework = coursework = schoolwork = studies 作业lab report 实验报告

book report 读书报告

presentation 发言

term paper 学期论文

project 作业

broad (论文等)内容宽泛的

narrow down (论文等)缩小范围

1)分数类

grade (mark 、score)分数

perfect grade 优异成绩

low grade 低分

high mark 高分

passing grade 及格分

failing grade 不及格分

full marks 满分

straight A’s 全A

be all A’s and B’s 全是A和B

B plus B加

A minus A减

pass the exam with flying colors 以优异成绩通过考试

graduate with honors 以荣誉毕业

professor 教授lecturer = instructor 讲师teaching assistant = TA 助教research assistant = RA 助研

counselor, adviser 咨询者,顾问B.A. (Bachelor of Arts) 文学士M.A (degree of Master of Arts) 文学硕士M.S. (Master of Science) 理硕士M.D. (Doctor of Medicine) 医学博士Ph.D. (Doctor of Philosophy) (哲学)博士president 大学校长

teacher/faculty 教师 student’s advisor 学生顾问physicist 物理学家mathematician 数学家chemist 化学家historian 历史学家statistician 统计学家Aluminum

Silica

Fluorine

Nickel

Titanium

Sodium

Zink

Brass

Crystal

sulfur

Tidal force( tide force)

Episodes of seismic activity (earthquake area)

Possibility of being caused by external forces

Volcanic ash

Eruption, caused a lot of damage,

Beneficial effect,

Crop losses,

Mass destruction,

Ware away,

Body moisture

Active volcanoes

Antarctica ice sheet

underwater volcanic action

lava, sleeping volcano

1.部门,设施:

librarian,

circulation desk

Reference room,

periodical room,

call number,

magnetically coded, paperback section,

hardback section

2.制度

Late returns

Over due,

Fine

Put on reserve

Reserve books

stacks

Check out

moratorium

back number,

reference books,

Periodical

Bibliographies

Literature guides

Academic journals

Current issues

Fill out a slip

Card catalogs

Listed by title

By author and by topic

Open only to graduate students Over a million volume

The inscription (wording)

An index

In stock

1.Schools:

public university,

private university, community college,

good reputation,

long history

2.tuitions:

Expenses,

Costs

Board and lodging

Afford

Affordable

Class size:

Personal attention

Individual attention

Interact

Group discussion

Faculty:

Graduates

Undergraduates

Professor

Associated professor

lecturer

Setting( environment)

Large city

Small town

College town

Formalities:

Go through the formalities

Letters of recommendation

Dated

Credit

Transfer the credit

waive

Zoology class

Animal adaptation

Wildlife research center

Endangered species

Migratory route

Migratory bird

Chance for survival

Night-flying months

Pollinate (pollen/flower dust)

Entomology昆虫学 Paleontology古生物学 Genetic engineering Amphibian两栖动物Rodent啮齿动物。 Invertebrate无脊椎的。 Reptile爬虫类 Herbivore食草动物Carnivore

Parasitic animal寄生动物Hibernation冬眠

Evolution Adaptation Mammal Vertebrate脊椎动物 Carnivore

Warm-blooded animal Rare animal Darwinism Metamorphosis变态 Mutation变种Chinese checkers

I-go

Chess

Tournament

Championship

League match

Table-tennis

billiards

Sportsmanship( manner)

Fair play

Teamwork

Coordination

Athletic( vigorous, muscular)

Alert

Agility

Stamina( endurance)

Strategy

tactics

William Shakespeare George Washington Thomas

Jefferson Theodore Roosevelt Abraham Lincoln

Martin Luther King Bill Gates Thomas Edison Christopher Columbus Mark Twain

Baroque

Victoria

Gothic

Dome

Pillar

Cubical

Barrier

stockade

Construct,

Architects

Craftsman

Hand chiseled

(knocking with a hammer)

Primary material

Cement

Limestone( powder)

Clay

Bricklayer (worker)

Stone-like chunk

boulder

Office building

The steel skeleton

Withstand high winds

Skyscrapers

Technological innovation

唯物主义materialism

唯心主义idealism

意识consciousness

mentality

感性和理性 the perceptual and the rational 反省;反思 reflection 本性 original nature

社会化 socialization 社会主义 Socialism

自由意志 free will

Founder of behaviorism

Psychologist

Observe

Measure

Mental process

Muscular habits

Manifestation of thinking

Laryngeal habit

Larynx

Overt

Covert

Muscular activity

Region

Electrode

Diligently

Motor theory

Sign language

Identical with

Ideomotor

Eye movement

Notion

Motor action

Equivalent to thinking

Assumption

Alternative

Account for

律师 attorney

审判trial

案件law case

仲裁人arbiter

陪审团jury

指控accusation

法官judge

检查官 prosecutor 商讨:deliberation

Pine

Cone

Bristlecone

Redwood

Evergreen

Surface

Shed leaves

Deciduous trees

Cypress

Cactus

Willow

birch

Annual report 常年报告书 monopoly垄断

Patent专利

stock exchange股票交易所

NASDAQ<美>全国证券交易商自动报价系统协会

Ask price卖价 Bid price买价 Asset taxes资产税 Bear market熊市 Bull market牛市Budget Act预算法案 Acquisition收购 Added value增值 Addition tax附加税 Affiliate 附属公司 Capital deficit资本赤字 Exchanged tax外汇税 Exempt from tax免税notation 记谱法

staff 乐谱

variation 变奏

movement 乐章

prelude 前奏(曲)

interlude 间奏(曲)

coda 尾声

trio 三声中部

cadanza 华彩乐段 musical form 体裁

soprano 女高音

tenor 男高音

reduction 改编(缩编)

trio 三重奏

quartet 四重奏

quintet 五重奏

opera 歌剧

ballet 芭蕾

chorus 合唱

choir 合唱团

choral music 合唱音乐

sonata 奏鸣曲

Classicism 古典主义

Romanticism 浪漫主义

Impressionism 印象主义