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高中汉译英练习题精选

汉译英。1.昨天我们在教室里做作业。

2.前天学生们在农场里劳动了吗?。

3.我叔叔前天在公园里抓了一个小偷。

4.你奶奶在哪儿买了许多苹果?在我家附近的商店里。

5.他昨天在操场和我一起跑步了。

6昨天莉莉的猫没喝许多牛奶

7昨天他们想去看望张老师。

8.五年前王老师教他们英语了吗?。

9.刚才王海给他妈妈写了一封信。

1、你应当努力学习。

2、她昨天回家很晚。

3、那天早上我们谈了很多。

4、会议将持续两个小时。

5、在过去的十年里,我的家乡已经发生了巨大的变化。

6、这种事情全世界各地每天都在发生。

7、1919年,在北京爆发了―五.四‖运动。

8、每天八时开始上课。9、这个盒子重五公斤。10、五年前我住在北京。

11、爱丽丝很会游泳。12、约翰的父亲昨晚去世了。13、秋天有些鸟飞到南方去。

14、我的爷爷早晨起得很早。15、每天下午有许多学生到图书馆来借书。

1、我的兄弟都是大学生。

2、冬季白天短,夜晚长。

3、布朗夫人看起来很健康。

4、十五岁他就成为有名的钢琴家了。

5、孩子们,请保持安静。

6、这本书是有关美国历史的书。

7、她的工作是在幼儿园里照看儿童。

8、他失业了。9、树叶已经变黄了。10、这个报告听起来很有意思。

1、昨晚我写了一封信。

2、今天下午我想同你谈谈。

3、这本书他读过多次了。

4、他们成功地完成了计划。

5、你们必须在两周内看完这些书。

6、那位先生能流利地说三种语言。

7、我昨天收到了笔友从澳大利亚寄来的信。

8、Jim 还不会自己穿衣服。9、我们大家都相信Jack 是一个诚实男孩。

10、他不知道说什麽好。11、他每天早晨洗冷水澡。12、我开窗户你在意吗?

1、我不信任那个人。

2、他指出了我的作文中的错误。

3、圣诞节我们将去看望外籍教师。

4、你们必须在课后把练习本交上来。

5、五分钟内我们是不可能解出这道题来的。

6、他们高度赞扬了英雄的业迹。

7、这位护士会好好照顾你父亲的。8、你在工作中可依靠他。

9、沸腾的水散发水蒸汽。10、写完作文后,我们必须把它从头到尾看一遍。

11、脱掉你的外套,走前再穿。12、人们会把她找出来的。13、我们必须派人去请医生

高中英语翻译练习题库

一.翻译:

1. 正是他35年前送给我的那些书使我成了教师。

2. 黄昏时,我碰巧在回家的路上遇到她。

3. 他说他将于第二周到达。

4. 我在电话里已经和他交谈过,但实际上我从来没有见过他。

5. 整日呆在家里做作业,一点趣儿都没有。

6. 我在为这次长途旅行整理行装。

7. 她专心听着,把他说的话一字不漏的记下来。 8. 他充分利用他在那儿的时间学习英语。

9. 目前妇女在科学领域发挥着重要的作用。 10. 这个城镇变化太大了,你会认不出来它的。

11. 对于这个问题你有什么看法吗?12. 这个机构对开始经营自己生意的人提供切实可行的指导。 13. 信不信由你,尽管她满身缺点,我仍然喜欢她。

14. 这是我们第一次在中国过圣诞。 15. 结婚前他们相爱了十年。

13. Believe it or not. I’m fond of her although she has shortcomings of all kinds.

14. It is the first time we have celebrated Christmas in China.

15. They had been in love for 10 years before getting married.

二.翻译: 1. 在老师的帮助下,我被一所大学录取了。

2. 你知道宇宙是什么时候形成的吗?

3. 最重要的是,别忘了把你们的意见寄来。

4. 你能就音乐欣赏给我们提些建议吗?

5. 他喜欢表演并享受随之而来的祝贺。

6. 他看上去很面熟,但我记不起他的名字了。

7. 你准备用现金支付还是用支票支付?

8. 必须制定法律来惩罚那些危害野生生物的人。9.骑骆驼在沙漠中旅行是令人难忘的经历。

10. 如果人们在不行动起来,采取有效措施保护野生动物的话,愈来愈多的野生动物将会灭绝。

二. 1. With the help of my teacher, I was admitted to university.

2. Do you know when the universe first came into being?

3. And above all, remember to send us your comments.

4. Could you give us some advice on how to enjoy music.

5. He enjoys performance and the congratulations afterwards.

6. He looks very familiar but I can’t remember his name.

7. Do you plan to pay in cash or by cheque?

8. Laws must be passed to punish those who do harm to wildlife.

9. Traveling in the desert by camel is really an unforgettable experience.

10. If people don’t take action and adopt effective measures to protect wild animals, an increasing number of them will die out.

三.翻译:

1. 为了按时完成这项任务,他们夜以继日的工作着。

2. 过不了多久他们就会回来的。

3. 她生了一个健康漂亮的婴儿。

4. 她有学语言的天赋。

5. 捉弄残疾人是很不礼貌的。

6. 这家旅馆使我想起我们去年住过的那一家。

7. 我怎么才能重新得到他们的支持呢?

8. 那棵老树从地面到树梢至少有三十米。

三.5. It is very rude to play a trick on the disabled.

6. This hotel reminds me of the one we stayed in last year.

7. How can I win back their support?

8. The old tree must measure at least 30 metres from top to bottom.

四. Translation: 1. 我宁愿说实话而不愿撒谎。2. 他说服不了他姐姐改变主意。

3. 我们昨天是在百货大楼举行的会议。

4. 她虽然有很多缺点,但我们都很喜欢她。

5. 小华坚持自己没有撒谎,不该向我道歉。

6. 他唯一在乎的东西就是钱。

7. 一旦你明白了这条规则,你就再也没有困难了。8. 我被他说服了,所以我不得不让步。9. 在战争结束时柏林城变成了一片废墟。10. 死亡人数已上升至50人。

11. 事故发生后,伤员被立刻送往医院。12. 正当我们处境危险时他们来援救我们了。

13. 黄河在这转了个大弯。14. 我们骑骆驼旅行真是一次难忘的经历。

15. 她刚刚起床,还没有穿好衣服。16. 既然他决心已定,再与他争论已毫无用处。

17. 到时我们惊奇的发现他还活着。18. 今年夏天我们在乡下度过了一段快乐时光。

19. 2008年5月12日,人们向往常一样去上班、上学,全然不知一场灾难即将降临。

20. 我们迫不及待的等着你的加入。21. 我们误了公共汽车,看来我们只好步行了。

22. 发生在汶川的大地震使成千上万的人无家可归。

23. 人们不在意的一些事件也可能导致灾难的发生。24. 不知不觉中一年结束了。

25. 我谨向那些帮助过我的老师致谢。26. 没有任何语言足以表达我对你们的歉意。

27. 地震中幸存下来的人们向部队表示深深的谢意,感谢部队为拯救他们所做出的巨大努力。

28. 无论发生什么事情,我们都不能丧失希望与信心。

29. 到了车站,我们环顾四周,却没有发现任何人。

30. 有消息说,洪水过后,全村到处都是残垣断壁。

四.12. They came to our rescue when we were in danger. 13. The Huanghe river makes

a wide bend at this point. 14. Our journey by camel was quite an experience.

15. She had just got out of bed and wasn’t properly dressed.

16. Since he has made up his mind, it is no use arguing with him.

19. On May 12th, 2008, people went to work or school as usual, not knowing at all that

a disaster was just around the corner.

20. We can’t wait for you to join us.

21. We have missed the bus. It looks as if we will have to walk.

22. The big earthquake that shook Wenchuan left tens of thousands of people homeless.

23. The events that people think little of may lead to disasters.

24. The year is at an end\has come to an end before we know it.

25. I would like to express my thanks to the teachers who have helped me.

26. No words are strong enough to express my apology to you.

27. The people who survived the earthquake expressed their deep thanks to the army for the great efforts they had made to rescue them.

28. We can’t lose hope and confidence no matter what happens to us.

29. When we arrived at the station, we looked around but found nobody.

30. Word came that the whole village lay in ruins after the flood.

五.汉译英:1.-----尽管年轻,他已取的了很大的成就。----- 是的,你也一样。(as; so)

2.这种风俗习惯已经存在了两千多年,这令很多外国人非常吃惊。(around)

3.他整天上网,但不喜欢玩电脑游戏,我也是这样。

4.在我国,北方人以小麦为主食,而南方人以大米为主食。

5.他既能与别人一起愉快的工作,也能独自做很多事情。

6.我因粗心而考试不及格,所以这怪不得别人,只能怪我自己。(have)

7.与动物交朋友可有助于我们理解动物保护的重要性。

8.直到我失去了这位朋友,我才意识到我们之间的友谊对我意味着什么。(倒装句)

9.尽管我们从没谋面,我们却是最好的朋友。

10.当我感到沮丧的时候,他总是愿意听我倾诉并尽力帮助我。(down)

五. 1.-----Young as he is, he has made great achievements. -----So he has, and so have you.2.The custom has been around for more than two thousand years, which astonishes many foreigners.

3. He surfs the Internet all the time but does not enjoy playing computer games, so it is with me./ It is the same with me.

4. In our country, people in the north live on wheat while people in the south live on rice.

5. He can not only work with others happily but also do many things all alone.

6. I failed in the examination because of my carelessness, so I have nobody but only myself to blame.

7. Making friends with animals can help us understand the importance of protecting them.

8. Only after I lost such a friend, did I realize what the friendship between us meant to me.

9. Although/ Despite the fact that we have never met each other, we are best friends.10. When I am feeling down, he will always listen to me and try to help me.

六.汉译英:1.这种植物不是到处都有的。(find)

2.天快黑的时候,他们来到了一个偏僻的小村庄。(find)

3.他在回家的路上看到了一场交通事故。4.你还有什么地方不清楚吗?

5.由于他们理解汉语还有一定的难度,所以我不得不一遍又一遍的重复我说过的话。

6.请再说一遍,我没听清。10.他们国家盛产石油,而我们国家却一点没有。

7.在一个小孩的带领下,我们轻而易举的就找到了Mr. Smith的住处。

8.妇女要求同工同酬。 9.在国际贸易中,具有一定的英语知识是十分必要的。

10.他们国家盛产石油,而我们国家却一点没有。

六. 2. As it was getting dark, they found themselves in a lonely small village.

4. Is there anything that is not clear to you?

5. I had to repeat what I said again and again, because they still had some difficulty in understanding Chinese.

6. I beg your pardon? I didn’t catch what you said.

7. With a boy leading us, we had no difficulty in finding Mr. Smith’s house.

8. Women demand equal pay for equal work.

9. It is very necessary to have a knowledge of English in international trade.

10. Their country has plenty of oil, while ours has none.

七.汉译英: 1.下个月他们将去北戴河避暑。

2.他经常旅游的原因是想品尝不同种类的食品。3.她戴着墨镜,以免眼睛被太阳灼伤。4.祝你在香港玩的愉快,顺便说一下,代我向李华问好。

5.徒步旅行时,一定要记住这些基本的规则, 他们都与你的安全相关。(keep)

6.他受到我们大家的爱戴和敬佩。10.过去,孩子们在街上玩是很平常的事。

7.根据上周所作的调查,有百分之六十的学生反对这项决定。

8.上周该地区发生了一次地震,许多楼房和汽车受损。(which)

9.我们开个聚会庆祝你的生日吧!同时,你看我们都邀请哪些人参加。

七.1.Next month, they will go to Beidaihe to get away from hot weather.

2.The reason why he often go traveling is that he wants to try new kinds of food.

3.She is wearing her sunglasses to protect her eyes from the sun./ to prevent her eyes from being burned by the sun.

4.Have a nice time in Hongkong. By the way, say “Hi” to Li Hua for me.

5.When hiking, you must keep in mind these basic rules, which have much to do with your safety.6.He was loved and admired by all of us.

7.According to the survey done last week, 60% of the students are against the decision. 8.Last week, an earthquake happened in this area, in which many buildings and cars were damaged.

9.Let`s have a party to celebrate your birthday. At the same time, who do you think we will invite. 10.In the past, it was common for children to play in the street.

八.汉译英:1.Rachel 承认她费了很大的劲儿才理解了这项任务。(time)

2.有朝一日,我实现了我的目标,我就幸福了。3.他仔细聆听,然后执行老师的指示。4.他虽没有创出新的纪录,但他做出了很大的努力。(attempt)

5.他向她求婚,但她拒绝了。6.我非常珍惜和你一起度过的那些时光。

7.马铃薯最初是由南美传入欧洲的。8.这个城镇变化太大了,你会认不出她来的。

9.人们普遍认为她是该国最优秀的作家之一。10.人们嘲笑她,因为她经常戴那么奇怪的帽子。八.1.Rachel admitted that she had a hard time understanding the assignment.

2. Some day when I achieve my goals, I will be happy.

3.He listened carefully and carried out the teacher’s in structions.

4. He failed to set a new record, but it was a good attempt.

5. He asked her to marry him but she refused.

6. I treasure the moments I spent with you.

7. Potatoes were introduced into Europe from South America.

8. The town has changed so much tha t you wouldn’t recognize it.

9. She is generally regarded as one of the best writers in the country.

10. People make fun of her because she wears such strange hats.

九.汉语译:1. ——这是一封写给Mr. Brown的信,你能教给他吗?——好的。我一见到他就给他。2. 遇到麻烦时可请他帮忙。

3.请写下你的名字和地址,以便我们必要时能与你联系。4.桌子上并排放着两个瓶子。

5.请尽快完成那份报告,越快越好。6.那天晚上我们像平常一样大约在十点半睡觉。

7.我偶尔顺路去看一看他。8.他热切希望你见见他的朋友。9. 她靠什么谋生?

10.前些天,我们就学生如何打发他们的业余时间在2000名学生之间进行了一次调查。

九. 1. -----Here is a letter addressed to Mr. Brown. Could you give it to him?

----- OK. The moment I see him, I will give it to him.

2.When in trouble, you can turn to him for help.

3. Please put down your name and address so that we can get in touch with you when necessary.

4. Two bottles stand side by side on the table.

5. Please get that report done as soon as possible----- the sooner the better.

6. We went to bed that evening at 10:30 as usual.

7. I drop in on him once in a while.

8. He is eager for you to meet his friends.9. How does she make\earn her living?

10. The other day, we did a survey among 2,000 students on how they spend their spare time.

十.汉译英:1.我从事园艺工作十余年,从中获得了很大的满足。

2.我们必须提高对顾客的服务质量。3.他因谋杀被判处死刑。

4.她喜欢弹钢琴,而她妹妹却喜欢打篮球。5.看到孩子们被照顾的很好,他感到非常满意。6.越来越多的公司在设立网站,这毫不奇怪。

7.我既没忘记告诉他这个消息也没忘记提醒他注意安全。

8.从头顶飞过的飞机的噪音可以损害人们的听觉。

9.他的助手请他尽快在这张支票上签字。10.周末,我宁愿呆在家里洗洗衣服、看看书。

十. 1. I have been working in the garden for over 10 years, from which I get a lot of satisfaction. 2. We must raise the quality of service to our customs.

3. He was sentenced to death because of murder.

4. She enjoys playing the piano while her sister likes playing basketball.

5. He feels very content to see his children taken good care of.

6. It is no surprise that an increasing number of companies are setting up web sites.

7. I neither forgot to tell him the news nor remind him about his safety.

8. People may have their hearing harmed by the noise of the planes passing overhead.

9. His assistant requested him to sign the cheque as soon as possible.

10. On weekends, I would rather stay at home and do some cleaning and reading.

十一.汉译英:1. 我五点钟开车去接你。

2. 这场事故发生在离她家仅一个街区的地方。

3. 我认为努力实现这一目标是每一个公民的责任。

4.我们应该尊重老人、尊重父母、尊重老师。

5.根据规定,每位学生每次可借五本书,借阅时间为十天。

6.如果有幸被选作志愿者,我将尽力提供最好的服务。

7.学校图书馆从周一到周五上午9点到下午7点开门,周末休息。

8.我喜欢摄影,因为它能让我记录下生活中的美丽时刻。

9.我想参加和平与友谊夏令营,因为这是和各国青年交朋友并学习他们文化的绝佳机会。

10.现在给你写信是想问一问你能否帮我个忙。

十一. 1. I will drive over to pick you up at 5.

2. The accident took place only a block from his home.

3. I think it is every citizen’s duty to work hard to achieve this goal.

4. We should show our respect for old people, our parents and our teachers.

5. According to the rule, every student can borrow up to 5 books each time and keep them for 10 days.

6. If I have the honour of being chosen as a volunteer, I will try my best to offer the best service.

7. The school library is open from 9 am to 7 pm from Monday to Friday (on weekdays) and closed on weekends.

8. I am interested in photography because it allows me to record the beautiful moments in my life.

9. I would like to join the Peace & Friendship Camp since it would be a great opportunity to make friends with young people from different countries and learn about their cultures.

10. Now I am writing to ask whether you are able to do me a favour.

十二.英译汉:1.多年来他们一直在讨论迁居乡间的事。

2. 我和那家公司六年没有来往了(have)。3.我们偶尔到公园野餐。

4.我希望你已充分利用了你的时间。5.顺便说一下,你不能总是靠你父母生活。

6.你这次考试成绩不好,换句话说,你没及格。7.我的眼睛一定有毛病,我下周到医院去检查一下。8.谁也不能阻止这项计划的实施。

9.随着现代工农业的发展,废物也愈来愈多了。10.当母亲接受治疗时,孩子可能要与她隔离开。十二.1.For years they have talked about moving to the country.

2. I have had nothing to do with that company.

3. We go for a picnic in the park once in a while.

4. I hope you have made good use of your time.

5. By the way, you can’t depend on your parents for a living all the time.

6. Your performance in the exam is bad; in other words, you failed.

7. Something must be wrong with my eyes. I will have them examined in hospital next week.8. No one can stop\prevent\keep the plan from being carried out.

9. With the development of modern agriculture and industry, more and more waste is produced.10. The child may be separated from his mother while she receives treatment.

十三英译汉:1.令我感到很惊讶的是,这家餐馆实际上是非常不错的。

2.这个系为学生开设了各种各样的课程。3.努力工作,你的梦想迟早会实现的。

4.前些天,我们就学生对校服的意见与看法在我校500名学生之间进行了一次调查。

5.你老是打断我是不太礼貌的。6.经过漫长的航行,回到家时他们又渴又饿。

7.政府应该制定出团结而不是分裂人民的法律。8.他抬起头来惊讶的望着我,不知该说什么。9.不论将来你遇到什么事,我都会支持你。10.出与安全考虑,那个站台被拆除了。

十三. 1. Much to my surprise, the restaurant was actually very nice.

2. Students are offered a wide variety of courses in this department.

3. Work hard and your dreams will come true sooner or later. (in time)

4. The other day, we did a survey on our school uniform among 500 students in our school.

5. It wasn’t very polite of you to keep interrupting me.

6. After the long voyage, they arrived home, hungry and thirsty.

7. The government should make laws aiming to unite, not divide, people.

8. He looked up at me in surprise, not knowing what to say.

9. I will support you no matter what happens to you.

10. The platform was taken down for safety reasons.

十四.汉译英:1.如果当时你动动脑子,你现在就不至于陷入困境。

2.努力提高人民的生活水平是每一个政府官员的职责。

3.我们一个劲地往上爬,一直爬到山顶。

4.我经常想起我的一位朋友,过去我常常和他一起在这家公园散步。

5.我一收到他的来信就立刻拆开读了起来。 6.现在电话几乎取代了电报。

7.这种疾病蔓延全国。 8.我不知道我能否说服他,但至少我会试一试。

9.经常进行体育运动对我们的健康有好处。10.老师要求我们尽量多背些美妙的诗歌。

十四. 1. If you had used your head, you wouldn’t be in trouble now.

2. It is the duty of every government official to try his best to raise\improve people’s standards.

3. On and on we climbed, until we got to the top of the mountain.

4. I often think of a friend of mine , with whom I used to take a walk in the park.

5. As soon as I received his letter, I tore it open and began to read it.

6. Nowadays, telephones have almost taken the place of telegrams.

7. The disease spread throughout the country.

8. I don’t know if I can persuade him, but a t least I can have a try.

9. Often having sports can do some good to our health.

10. The teacher asked us to learn by heart as many excellent poems as possible.

2011年高考英语动词时态考点及精品练习题(七)

◆典型陷阱题分析◆

1. ―I _____ his telephone number.‖ ―I have his number, but I ____ to bring my phone book.‖

A. forget, forget

B. forgot, forgot

C. forget, forgot

D. forgot, forget

【陷阱】容易误选A,认为―忘记‖是现在的事。

【分析】仔细体会一下对话的语境:第一个人说―我忘记他的电话号码了‖,这个―忘记‖应该是现在的情况,即现在忘记了,要不然就没有必要同对方说此话了,故第一空应填forget;第二个人说―我有他的号码,但我忘记带电话本了‖,这个―忘记‖应该是过去的情况,即过去忘记带电话本,所以现在电话本不在身上(注意句中的转折连词but),故第二空应填forgot,即答案选应C。请再看一例:

— Oh, I ______ where he lives.

—Don‘t you carry your address book?No, I ______ to bring it.

A. forget, forget

B. forgot, forgot

C. forget, forgot

D. forgot, forget 答案选C,理由同上。

2. I had hoped to see her off at the station, but I _____ too busy.

A. was

B. had been

C. would be

D. would have been

【陷阱】容易误选B或D,认为前句用了had hoped,所以此句谓语要用B或D与之呼应。

【分析】但正确答案为A,前一句谓语用had hoped,表示的是过去未曾实现的想法或打算,可以译为―本想‖,而后一句说―我太忙‖,这是陈述过去的一个事实,所以要用一般过去时。请做以下类似试题(答案均为A):

(1) We had hoped to catch the 10:20 train, but _____ it was gone.

A. found

B. had found

C. would find

D. would have found

(2) We had hoped that you would be able to visit us, but you _____.

A. didn‘t

B. hadn‘t

C. needn‘t

D. would not have

(3) We had wanted to come to see him, but we ____ no time.

A. had

B. had had

C. would have

D. would have had

(4) I had expected to come over to see you last night, but someone ______ and I couldn‘t get away.

A. called

B. had called

C. would call

D. would have called

(5) The traffic accident wouldn‘t have happened yesterday, but the driver _______ really careless.

A. was

B. is

C. were

D. had been

3. Dear me! Just _____ at the time! I _____ no idea it was so late.

A. look, have

B. looking, had

C. look, had

D. looking, have

【陷阱】此题容易误选D,认为第一空用现在分词表伴随,第二空填have 的一般现在时,以保持与前面时态的一致性。

【分析】其实,此题应选C,第一空应填look, 因为这是祈使句的谓语;第二空应填had,因为前一句说―看看时间吧‖,这一看当然知道了现在很迟的情形,―不知道这么迟了‖显然应是―过去‖的事,故应用一般过去时态,许多同学由于忽略这一隐含的语境而误选。

4. ―Your phone number again? I _____ quite catch it.‖ ―It‘s 4331577‖

A. d idn‘t

B. couldn‘t

C. don‘t

D. can‘t

【陷阱】此题容易误选C,认为此处要用一般现在时态,表示现在―没听清对方的话‖。

【分析】其实,此题答案应选A,根据上文的语境―请把你的电话号码再说一遍好吗?‖可知―没听清对方的电话号码‖应是在说此话以前,故应用一般过去时态。请看以下类似试题:

(1) ―Mr Smith isn‘t coming tonight.‖ ― But he _____.‖

A. promises

B. promised

C. will promise

D. had promised 答案选B,―他答应(要来)‖应发生在过去。

(2) ―Hey, look where you are going!‖ ―Oh, I‘m terribly sorry. _____.‖

A. I‘m not noticing

B. I wasn‘t noticing

C. I haven‘t noticed

D. I don‘t notice

答案选B,―我没注意‖是对方提醒之前的事,现经对方一提醒,当然注意到了。

(3) ―Oh it‘s you ! I ________ you.‖ ―I‘ve had my hair cut.‖

A. didn‘t realize

B. haven‘t realized

C. didn‘t recognize

D. don‘t recognized

答案选C。―没认出是你‖是说此话之前的事,说此话时显然已经认出了对方。

(4) ―What‘s her new telephone number?‖ ―Oh, I _____.‖ A. forget B. forgot C. had forgotten D. am forgetting 此题应选A,从语境上看,―忘记‖的时间应是现在,即指现在不记得了。

(5) ―Since you‘ve agreed to go, why aren‘t you getting ready?‖ ―But I ______ that you would have me start at once.‖

A. don‘t realize

B. didn‘t realize

C. hadn‘t realized

D. haven‘t realized答案选B。―没意识到‖是对方提醒之前的事。

(6) ―It‘s twelve o‘clock, I think I must be off now.‖ ―Oh, really? I ______ it at all.‖

A. don‘t realize

B. haven‘t realized

C. didn‘t realize

D. hadn‘t realized答案选C。

5. Mr Smith ______ a book about China last year but I don‘t know whether he has finished it.

A. has written

B. wrote

C. had written

D. was writing

【陷阱】容易误选B或C。【分析】此题应选D,这是由but I don‘t know whether he has finished it 这一句话的语境决定的,全句意为―史密斯先生去年在写一本书,但我不知道他现在是否写完了‖。有的同学可能由于受last year的影响而误选B。但若选B,则句子前半部分的意思则变为―史密斯先生去年写了一本书‖,既然是―写了‖,那么这与下文的―但我不知道他现在是否写完了‖相矛盾。

6. He has changed a lot. He _______ not what he _______.

A. is, is

B. was, was

C. is, was

D. was, is

【陷阱】几个干扰项均有可能误选。【分析】最佳答案选C,上文说―他‖变化很大,即―他‖现在不是过去的那个样子了,故第一空填is,第二空填was(其实第二空也可用used to be)。请看类例:

―What place is it?‖ ―Haven‘t you found out we _____ back where we ______?‖

A. were, had been

B. have been, are

C. are, were

D. are, had been 答案选C

7. He is very busy. I don‘t know if he _____ or not tomorrow.

A. come

B. comes

C. will come

D. is coming

【陷阱】此题容易误选B。认为if 引导的是条件状语从句,从句谓语要用一般现在时表示将来意义。

【分析】其实,此题答案应选C,句中if引导的不是条件状语从句(即if≠如果),而是宾语从句(即if=是否),句意为―他很忙,我不知道明天他是否会来。‖请看以下类似试题:

(1) I don‘t know if she _____, but if she ____ I will let you know.

A. comes, comes

B. will come, will come

C. comes, will come

D. will come, comes 答案选D

(2) ―When _____ he come?‖ ―I don‘t know, but when he _____, I‘ll tell you.‖

A. does, comes

B. will, will come

C. does, will come

D. will, comes 答案选D

(3) ―When he _____ is not known yet.‖ ―But when he ____, he will be warmly welcomed.‖

A. comes, comes

B. will come, will come

C. comes, will come

D. will come, comes答案选D

8. The bridge, which ___1688, needs repairing. A. is dated from B. was dated from C. dates from D. dated from 【陷阱】此题容易误选B或D,认为句中用了1688 这个过去时间,所以应选过去时态,又因为date from 不用于被动语态,所以只能选D。

【分析】其实此题的最佳答案应是C,因为date from 的意思是―自某时起存在至今‖(=have existed since),它通常用于一般现在时,而不用过去时态(尽管其后接的总是表示过去的时间)。如:

The church dates from 1176. 这座教堂是六世纪建的。The castle dates from the 14th century. 这座城堡是14世纪建的。但若所谈论的东西现在已不复存在,则可用一般过去时。如:

The church, which dated from the 13th century, was destroyed in an earthquake two years ago. 那座教堂是13世纪建成的,两年前在一次地震中被毁了。注:与date from 同义的date back to 也有类似用法。

9. ―You‘ve left the light on.‖ ―Oh, so I have. _____ and turn it off.‖A. I‘ll go B. I‘ve gone C. I go D. I‘m going 【陷阱】容易误选D。【分析】A和D两者均可表示将来,填入空格处似乎都可以。但实际上只有A是最佳的,因为根据上下文的语境来看,―我去把灯关掉‖这一行为是说话人听了对方的话后临时想到的,而不是事先准备的。而按英语习惯:will 和be going to后接动词原形均可表示意图,但意图有强弱之分,如果是事先考虑过的意图,要用be going to;如果不是事先考虑过的,而是说话时刻才临时想到的意图,则用will。比较:

―I‘ve come out without any money.‖ ―Never mind, I will lend you some.‖ ―我出来没带钱。‖―没关系,我借给你。‖(句中用will lend,表示―借‖钱给对方是临时想到的,即听了对方的话后临时作出的反应)

I‘ve bought a typewriter and I‘m going to learn to type. 我买了台打字机,我想学打字。(句中用be going to learn to type,表示说话人要学打字是事先准备的,并为此买了台打字机)

◆精编陷阱题训练◆

1. Look at that little boy wandering about — perhaps he _____ his mother.

A. will lose

B. is losing

C. had lost

D. has lost

2. It‘s good that we _____ to the park because it‘s started to rain.

A. don‘t go

B. hadn‘t gone

C. didn‘t go

D. wasn‘t going

3. I _____ for fiv e minutes; why don‘t they come?

A. am calling

B. called

C. was calling

D. have been calling

4. You _____ your turn so you‘ll have to wait.

A. will miss

B. have missed

C. are missing

D. had missed

5. We _____ to move but are still considering where to go.

A. are deciding

B. decided

C. have decided

D. had decided

6. I left my pen on the desk and now it‘s gone; who _____ it?

A. took

B. has taken

C. will take

D. had taken

7. They won‘t buy any new clothes because they _____ money to buy a new car.

A. save

B. were saving

C. have saved

D. are saving

8. I _____ your last point — could you say it again?

A. didn‘t quite catch

B. don‘t quite catch

C. hadn‘t quite catch

D. can‘t quite catch

9. You‘ll never guess who I met today — my old teacher! We _____ for 20 years.

A. don‘t meet

B. haven‘t met

C. hadn‘t met

D. couldn‘t meet

10. I feel sure I _____ her before somewhere. A. was to meet B. have met C. had met D. would meet

11. They haven‘t arrived yet but we _____ them at any moment.

A. are expected

B. have expected

C. are expecting

D. will expect

12. I think you must be mistaken about seeing him at the theatre; I‘m sure he _____ abroad all week.

A. is

B. was

C. has been

D. had been

13. The students _______ busily when Miss Brown went to get a book she _______ in the office.

A. had written, left

B. were writing, has left

C. had written, had left

D. were writing, had left

14. I tried to phone her, but even as I _____ she was leaving the building.

A. phoned

B. would phone

C. had phoned

D. was phoning

15. ―I suppose you _____ that report yet?‖ ―I finished it yesterday, as a matter of fact.‖

A. didn‘t finish

B. haven‘t finished

C. hadn‘t finished

D. wasn‘t finishing

16. —Didn‘t the guard see him breaking into the bank?—No, he _______ in the other direction.

A. was looking

B. had looked

C. looked

D. is looking

17. How can you possibly miss the news? It _______ on TV all day long.

A. has been

B. had been

C. was

D. will be

18. ―I thought you might have got drunk.‖ ―Yes, I ______.‖

A. almost have

B. almost had

C. almost did

D. might have

19. You ______ television. Why not do something more active?

A. always watch

B. are always watching

C. have always watched

D. have always been watching

20. ―I took part in the TOEFL. It was really hard.‖ ―Did you ______ a lot?‖

A. Have you studied

B. Did you study

C. Had you studied

D. Do you study

21. ―What‘s your opinion on the matter, please?‖ ―Oh, sorry, I _______.‖

A. wasn‘t to listen

B. haven‘t listened

C. wasn‘t listening

D. hadn‘t listened

22. ―Aha, you‘re a chain smoker!‖ ―Only at home. Nobody _______ that but you.‖

A. discovered

B. had discovered

C. discovers

D. is discovering

23. The telephone _______ three times in the last hour, and each time it ________ for my father.

A. had rang; was

B. has rung; was

C. rang; has been

D. has been ringing; is

24. The thief tried to break away from the policeman who ______ him, but failed.

A. has held

B. had held

C. was holding

D. would hold

25. When I arrived at the company, the manager ______, so we had only time for a few words.

A. just went away

B. had gone away

C. was just going away

D. has just gone away

26. ―John took a photograph of you just now.‖ ―Oh, really? I ______.‖

A. didn‘t know

B. wasn‘t knowing

C. don‘t know

D. haven‘t known

27. ―Mike is not coming to the football game this afternoon.‖ ―It‘s a shame! He _______!‖

A. promises

B. promised

C. will promise

D. had promised

28. Please call again. Jim _______ a bath just now.

A. has had

B. was having

C. is having

D. has

29. ―Was Andrew there when you arrived?‖ ―Yes, but he ______ home soon afterw ards.

A. had gone

B. has gone

C. is going

D. went

30. ―Where is Mother.‖ ―She is in the kitchen. She _______ the housework all morning.‖

A. is doing

B. was doing

C. has done

D. has been doing

31. The books, ________ the dictionaries, must be put back where they ________.

A. included; were

B. to include; are

C. including; were

D. including; are

31. 选C。第一空including不填included,因为其后带有宾语;第二填were,是因为它是指―原来放的地方‖。

【答案】1----10 DCDBCBDABB11-20CCDDBAACBC21-30CCBCCABCDD

19. 选B。always 与进行时态连用,可以表示高兴、满意、抱怨、厌恶等感情色彩。

23. 选B。按英语语法,―in the last [past]+一段时间‖通常与现在完成时连用。

28. 选C。just now 有两个意思:一是表示―刚才‖,此时just now 为习语;二是表示―现在‖、―眼前‖、―就在此时‖,此时just 意为―正好‖、―恰好‖,用以修饰副词now。根据句子语境,句中的just now 应取上面的第二个意思。

2011年高考英语比较结构考点及精品练习题(六)

◆典型陷阱题分析◆

1. How beautifully she sings! I have never heard _____ voice. A. a better B. a best C. the better D. the best 【陷阱】容易误选D,认为最高级前要用定冠词。

【分析】其实此题最佳答案为A,该句可视为…I have never heard a better voice than her voice 之省略,全句为―她唱得多好啊!我从未听过她这么好的声音‖。请再看以下类似的实例:He is fine, never better. 他很好,比以往任何时候都好。

This bird is really lovely. I‘ve never seen a finer one. 这只鸟真可爱,我从未见过这样好看的鸟。比较以下试题,情形也大致相同:(1) ―I‘ve never found a better job.‖ ―_______.‖

A. I don‘t think so

B. Too bad

C. Congratulations

D. Don‘t worry

答案选C,I‘ve never found a better job可视为I‘ve never found a better job than this job 之省略,句意为:我从来没有找到比这份工作更好的工作,即这是我所找到的最好的工作。

(2) ―What do you think of the service here?‖ ―Oh, ______. We couldn‘t have found a better place.‖

A. too bad

B. sorry

C. wonderful

D. impossible

答案选C。We couldn‘t have found a better place 可视为We couldn‘t have found a better place than this place,其意为―我们不可能找到一个比这个地方更好的地方‖,即―这是我们所能找到的最好的地方‖。

(3) Boris has brains. In fact, I doubt whether anyone in the class has _____IQ.

A. a high

B. a higher

C. the higher

D. the highest

答案选B,句意为―……我怀疑班上有没有哪个人比他智商更高‖,即―我认为他可能是班上智商最高的‖。

(4) . How cold it is! We‘ve never had ______ this winter.

A. the colder day

B. a cold day

C. the coldest day

D. a colder day答案选D。

2. Professor White has written some short stories, but he is _____ known for his plays.

A. the best

B. more

C. better

D. the most答案c

3. You are _____ careful than your brother. You two can‘t do the work that needs care and skill.

A. not more

B. no more

C. not less

D. no less

【陷阱】容易误选A。

【分析】要做对此题,首先要正确理解以下结构的含义:

not more … than = 不如……no more … than = 和……一样不(否定两者)

not less … than = 不如……不(即指不如less 后形容词的反面)no less … than = 和……一样(肯定两者)

比较以下各句的意思:

You are more careful than he is. 你比他仔细。You are not more careful than he is. 你不如他仔细。

You are no more careful than he is. 你和他一样不仔细。You are less careful than he is. 你不如他仔细(你比他粗心)。

You are not less careful than he is. 你比他仔细(你不如他粗心)。You are no less careful than he is. 你和他一样仔细。

通过以上分析,再结合句子语境,可知此题最佳答案为B。

4. ―Oh, how fat he is!‖ ―But I think he is ____ than fat.‖ A. short B. shorter C. more short D. shortest 【陷阱】容易误选B。认为short为单音节形容词,故用-er构成比较级。

【分析】其实正确答案应是C。要弄清此问题,得先从比较句型的两种不同类型说起:

(1) 异类同质比较:即指两个不同的人或事物(异类)在同一方面(同质)进行比较。如:

My room is smaller than yours.Our country is more powerful than theirs. 我们的国家比他们的国家更强大。

(2) 同类异质比较:即指同一个人或事物(同类)在两个不同的方面(异质)进行比较,这类句子常译为―(更多的)是……,而不是‖、―与其……不如……‖等。如:He was more lucky than clever.他是靠运气而不是靠聪明。

She was mare surprised than angry. 她感到更多的是惊讶而不是生气。

This is more a war movie than a western. 这更应当说是一部战争片,而不是西部片。

按英语习惯,在进行同类异质比较时,只能用more构成比较级,不能用-er形式,即使是单音节词也是如此。

◆精编陷阱题训练◆

1. In my apartment there are two rooms, _____ is used as a living room.

A. larger one

B. the larger of which

C. the largest one

D. the largest of which

2. ―Are you satisfied with his answer?‖ ―Not at all. It couldn‘t have been ____.‖A. better B. worse C. more D. less

3. I‘m _____ at sums than Jean, but better at history. A. more B. less C. worse D. cleverer

4. We couldn‘t have picked ______day for the picnic — it rained nonstop.

A. a worse

B. a worst

C. the worse

D. the worst

5. I know this is not quit e the right word, but I can‘t be bothered to think of _____.

A. a better

B. a best

C. the better

D. the good

6. — Did you enjoy yourself at the party?—Sorry to say I didn‘t. It was ______ a meeting than a party.

A. more like

B. quite like

C. less like

D. more or less

7. When they arrived at the school,it was raining _______ harder.

A. more

B. quite

C. very D even

8. With the development of the Internet, _______ communication is done by regular mail.

A. less

B. more

C. little

D. few

9. —If you don‘t like the red coat, take the blue one.

—OK, but do you have ______ size in blue? This one‘s a bit tight for me.

A. a big

B. a bigger

C. the big

D. the bigger

10. If there were no examinations, we should have ______ at school.

A. the happiest time

B. a more happier time

C. much happiest time

D. a much happier time

11. This dress is prettier, but it costs ______ that one.

A. twice more than

B. twice as much as

C. as much twice as

D. twice so much as

【答案】1――11BBCAAADABDB

连词考点◆典型陷阱题分析◆

1. I‘m sorry, _____ I won‘t be able to come tonight. A. for B. and C. but D. then

【陷阱】容易误选A,因为空格后的句子是用以说明I‘m sorry 的原因的,所以便想当然地认为要选for来表示原因。

【分析】事实上,I‘m sorry 后习惯上不接表示原因的连词for,而接表示转折的连词but(也可省略but),用以委婉地提出一个使对方不快的事实。又如:Oh, sorry, but she‘s out. 哦,不好意思,她出去了。

I‘m sorry, but I have to disagree. 对不起,我不敢苟同。

I‘m sorry, but I have already had anoth er appointment. 对不起,我已经有约会了。

注:I‘m sorry 后虽然不能接表原因的连词for,但却可接介词for。如:I‘m sorry for shouting at you. 对不起冲你嚷嚷了。

I am sorry for what I said to you. 我后悔不该对你讲那些话。

2. The point is not who said the words, _____ they are true or not.

A. but whether

B. and whether

C. but how

D. and how

【陷阱】几个干扰项均有可能误选。

【分析】最佳答案为A。此题涉及两个搭配:一是not … but …(不是……而是……),二是whether … or not (是否)。请看类例:He was not an actor, who often appeared on stage, _____ a writer, writing stories.

A. but

B. and

C. then

D. so答案选A,主要考查not … but … 结构。

3. Just because they make more money than I do, _____ they seem to look down on me.

A. so

B. and

C. but

D. 不填

【陷阱】但容易误选A,将汉语的―因为……所以……‖直译为because … so …。【分析】正确答案为D,

4. Although he had only entered the contest for fun, _____ he won first prize. A. but B. and C. even D. 不填

【陷阱】容易误选A,将汉语的―虽然……但是……‖直译为although … but …。

【分析】正确答案选D。按英语语法,although 为从属连词,用以引导让步状语从句,它表明整个句子为复合句;而but 在表示―但是‖时,它是并列连词,用以连接两个简单句使之成为并列句。由于在同一句中既用了从属连词although,又用了并列连词but ,使得该句一半像复合句,一半像并列句,从而导致错误。正确的做法是,任意去掉although 和but 中的一个,使之要么成为复合句,要么成为并列句。其实,此题与上面一题的分析思路是一样的。这里顺便说一句,许多同学(包括许多老师和教学参考书)为了便于记忆,将此题与上面一题的知识点简单地归纳为―按英语习惯,because和so不可连用,although 与but 不可连用‖。这种说法在通常情况下无疑是对的,也是有效的,但同学们一定要在明白以上道理的情况下来使用此规则,如果只是死记该规则,有时遇到一些语言特例仍然会出错。如:

But I didn‘t know that then, although I learned it later. 但我当时的确不知道此事,尽管后来我还是知道了。

此句既用了并列连词but,又用了从属连词although,但它并未造成错误,原因是此句与上面所讨论的情形有所不同,即此句but 用于although 之前,but 在此仅起到与上文转折的作用,but 后的I didn‘t know that then, although I learned it later.仍为一个复合句。

I tried doing the accounts, but although I knew some maths I found it very difficult. 我试着算这些账,但尽管我懂点数学,仍感到很困难。

此句将but 与although 用在一起,但此句也没有错误。该句从总体来看,它是一个以并列连词but 连接的并列句,而在该并列句的后面一句又是一个包含让步状语从句although I knew some maths 的复合句——这种句型就是所谓的并列复合句。此句也可改写为I tried doing the accounts, but I found it very difficult although I knew some maths.

5. When the last prize had been awarded _____ everybody cleared off. A. and B. so C. or D. 不填

【陷阱】容易想当然地误选A。

分析】句首when 引导的是一个时间状语从句,它暗示整个句子为复合句;而so, and, or 为并列连词,无论选哪一个,都表明整个句子为并列句,从而导致前后矛盾,所以A、B、C均不能选择。此题正确答案选D,everybody cleared off 为整个复合句的主句。请看类似例子:

(1) If wishes were horses, _____ beggars would ride. A. and B. so C. or D. 不填

(2) If I‘m mistaken, _____ you are mistaken too. A. so B. and C. or D. 不填

(3) Just before I left London, _____ I sent him a telegram.

A. and

B. so

C. or

D. 不填

(4) After they had each said a few words, _____ Lloyd George took the floor. A. and B. so C. or D. 不填

答案均选D,空格前分别为if, when, before, after 引导的状语从句,空格后为整个复合句的主句。

◆精编陷阱题训练◆

1. ―Shall we stop for lunch _____ shall we drive on?‖ ―Let‘s stop for lunch, but the driver can‘t drink _____ drive.‖

A. and, and

B. or, or

C. and, or

D. or, and

2. ―_____ when does the pub stay open?‖―About midnight.‖ A. Since B. Before C. Until D. After

3. ―Would you like tea _____ coffee?‖ ―_____, thanks.‖ A. or, No B. and, Either C. or, Neither D. and, Each