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人教版英语必修1 Unit 2 Section Ⅱ练习题及答案解析

Unit 2 Section Ⅱ Warming Up & Reading-Language

Points

Ⅰ.词汇知识

1.____________ (adj.)官方的,正式的,公务的

2.____________ (adj.)本国的,本地的→(n.)本地人

3.____________ (v t.)以……为根据→(n.)基地,基础

4.____________ (n.)词汇,词汇量

5.____________ (adj.)逐渐的;逐步的→____________ (ad v.)

6.____________ (n.)拼写,拼法→____________ (v.)

7.____________ (ad v.)实际上;事实上→____________ (adj.)实际的

8.____________ (adj.)较后的;后半的→____________ (反义词)以前的

9.____________ (adj.)流利的;流畅的→____________ (ad v.)流利地;流畅地

10.____________ (adj.)频繁的;常见的→____________ (ad v.)常常;频繁地

答案:1.official 2.native 3.base 4.vocabulary 5.gradual;gradually 6.spelling;spell7.actually;http://www.wendangku.net/doc/fe14ca9adc36a32d7375a417866fb84ae55cc337.htmltter;former9.flue nt;fluently10.frequent;frequently Ⅱ.重点短语

1.________ the world全世界

2.________ the end of the 16th century

在十六世纪末

3.because ________ 因为,由于

4.come ________ 走近;上来;提出

5.even ________ 即使;尽管

6.be based ________ 建立在……之上;以……为基础

7.________ present 现在,目前

8.make use ________ 利用;使用

9.a large number ________ 大量的;许多的

10.such ________ 例如……;像这种的

答案:1.around 2.at 3.of 4.up 5.if/though 6.on

7.at8.of9.of10.as

Ⅲ.必背句型

1.Do you know that there is ________________ kind of English?你知道世界上有不止一种英语吗?

答案:more than one

2.Native English speakers can understand each other ________________ they don’t speak the same kin d of English.以英语作为母语的人,即使他们所讲的语言不尽相同,也可以相互理解。

答案:even if

3.So why has English changed ________________?

那么为什么英语随着时间的推移发生变化了呢?

答案:over time

4.It was based ________ on German ________ the English we speak ________________.当时的英语更多的是以德语为基础,而我们今天所说的英语不是。

答案:more;than;at present

5.So by the 1600’s Shakespeare was able to vocabulary than ever before.所以到17世纪,莎士比亚所用的词汇量比以前任何时期都大。

答案:make use of a wider

人教版英语必修1 Unit 2 Section Ⅱ练习题及答案解析

Ⅰ.品句填词

1.Growing vegetables looks easy,but__________(事实上)there is a lot to learn.

答案:actually

2.Without building up a large__________(词汇量)first,students cannot read easily.

答案:vocabulary

3.A good decision is__________(以……为基础) on one’s knowledge and experience.

答案:based

4.I think that the ship is not good enough to make a long v__________.

答案:voyage

5.We know that English is not the young man’s n__________ language.

答案:native

6.When I must choose between coffee and tea,I prefer the l__________. That is to say,I like tea better than coffee.

答案:latter

Ⅱ.完成句子

1.不止一个学生意识到了学习英语的重要性。

________ ________ ________ student has realized the importance of learning English.

答案:More than one

2.我的儿子比以往任何时候都起得早。

My son got up earlier ________ ________ ________.

答案:than ever before

3.即使你不成功,我们也会支持你的。

We will stand by you________ ________ you don’t succeed.

答案:even if/though

4.我们的英语老师经常利用英文歌曲教我们英语。

Our English teacher often________ ________ ________ English songs________ ________ us English.

答案:makes use of;to teach

5.当我在教室外面站着的时候,我们的老师向我走来。

When I was standing outside the classroom,our teacher________ ________ ________ ________.

答案:came up to me

6.现在,世界上有越来越多的人在学汉语。

________ ________,more and more people in the world are studying Chinese.

答案:At present

Ⅲ.单项填空

1.(2011年荆州高一检测)Ellen is________ n both English and French,which gives her an advantage over others.

A.practical B.grateful

C.exact D.fluent

解析:选D。句意为:埃伦说英语和法语都很流利,这使她比其他人更有优势。practical实际的,实用的;grateful感激的;exact精确的,准确的;fluent流利的。

2.(2011年聊城高一检测)Mr.Green ________ goes to the park for a walk with some friends after supper.

A.frequently B.immediately

C.completely D.finally

解析:选A。句意:格林先生常常晚饭后和几个朋友到公园散步。frequently常常,

频繁地;immediately立即,立刻;completely完全地;finally最终,最后。

3.—Do you think him naughty enough?

—I’m afraid he’s________ than naughty.

A.more clever B.clever

C.much clever D.much more clever

解析:选A。more...than与其说……倒不如说……。

4.Of these two basketball teams,the former comes from the US;the________ comes from England.

A.late B.later

C.latter D.lately

解析:选C。the former...,the latter...“前者……,后者……”,为固定搭配。late“迟到的,晚的”;later“稍后”;lately“最近,近来”。

5.(2011年长春高一检测)Only time will________ whether I have made the right choice or not.

A.see B.know

C.say D.tell

解析:选D。句意:只有时间会判断我是否作出正确的选择。tell“知道,辨别”,符合句意,故D项正确。

6.—What is the________ language of India?

—English.

A.entire B.native

C.official D.normal

解析:选C。根据对话的语境,应该是问印度的官方语言是什么,故正确答案为C。entire“全部的”;native“本地的,本族的”;normal“正常的”。

7.The number of people invited________ fifty,but a number of them________ absent for different reasons.

A.were;was B.was;was

C.was;were D.were;were

解析:选C。the number of...指“……的数目”,此结构作主语时,谓语用单数;a number of...指“大量,若干”,此结构作主语时,谓语用复数。

8.Many students believe that the choice of their courses and universities should ________their own interest.

A.be based on B.base on

C.be basing on D.base at

解析:选A。be based on...“以……为基础”,为固定搭配。

9.________the warm and sunny weather,bananas grow very well in Hainan.

A.Next to B.Such as

C.Instead of D.Because of

解析:选D。海南的香蕉长得好与温暖、晴朗的天气之间是因果关系,故选Because of。

10.My parents and I are flying to London for a holiday and I’ll ________the chance to practice my spoken English.

A.come up with B.make use of

C.get along with D.get tired of

解析:选B。句意为:我会“利用(make use of)”和爸妈一起到伦敦度假的机会练

习英语口语。come up with提出建议;get along with与……相处;get tired of对……厌倦。

Ⅳ.阅读理解

If you want to become a fluent English speaker you should take some advice:There are four skills in learning English. They are reading,listening,speaking,and writing. The most important thing you must remember is that if you want to improve your speaking and writing skills you should first master the skills of reading and listening.

Read as much as you can. But your reading must be active. It means that you must think about the meaning of the sentence,the meaning of the unfamiliar words,etc. There is no need for you to pay much attention to grammars or try to understand all the unfamiliar words you_come_across,but the fact t hat you see them for the first time and recognize them whenever you see them,for example in other passages or books,is enough. It would be better to prepare yourself a notebook so you can write down the important words or sentences in it.

As for listening,there are two choices:besides reading,you can listen every day for about 30 minutes. You can only pay attention to your reading and become skillful at your reading,then you can catch up on your listening. Si nce you have lots of inputs in your mind,you can easily guess what the speaker is going to say. This never means that you should not practice listening.

For listening you can listen to cartoons or some movies that are specially made for children. Their languages are easy .Or if you are good at listening you can listen to VOA or BBC programs every day. Again the thing to remember is being active in listening and preferably taking some notes.

If you follow these pieces of advice,your speaking and writing will improve automatically,and you can be sure that with a little effort they will become perfect.

1.According to the author,which should you improve first among the four skills?

A.Reading and listening.

B.Readin g and writ ing.[来源:http://www.wendangku.net/doc/fe14ca9adc36a32d7375a417866fb84ae55cc337.html]

C.Writing and speaking.

D.Speaking and listening.

解析:选A。细节理解题。由第一段最后一句可知,作者认为要想提高说和写的能力,首先要掌握读和听。

2.To improve your reading,when you read you should________.

A.look up all the new words in the dictionary

B.think about what you are reading actively

C.spend more time studying grammars

D.copy as many words and sentences as possible

解析:选B。细节理解题。由第二段第二、三句可知,在阅读的过程中要积极思考。

3.The underlined phrase“com e across” in Paragraph 2 can probably be replaced be “________”.

A.meet by accident B.discover

C.find on purpose D.look for

解析:选A。词义理解题。此处是告诉读者没有必要去理解遇到的所有的不熟悉的单词,由此推知come across指“偶然遇到”。

4.The passage is mainly about how to________.

A.choose suitable listening materials

B.deal with new words in r eading

C.improve your English as quickly as possible

D.become fluent in speaking and writing English

解析:选D。主旨大意题。文章第一句话便点明主题,接着用大量篇幅阐述了如何通过提高阅读和听力技能,从而带动说和写的技能,成为a fluent English speaker。

Ⅴ.短文填词

Western people say “Excuse me ” more often than we Chinese.

In China, “Excuse me” is only to________(道歉) when a1.____________

person has done something________ or has hurt someone else.2.____________

In the West, people say it when they just want to pass in f________of3.____________ someone, or when they find themselves late for a________(宗教的)4.____________ celebration. They also say “Thank U” more readily. Even at home the

husband will thank his wife when she gives him a g________ of water5.____________ “Thank U”means you are________(感激的) to people for what they6.____________

have done for you, no________ how small it is. If you say “Excuse me”7. ____________

and “Thank U”in a friendly manner, you will have________ with and8.____________

get a________ well with each other and add to some warm feelings9.____________

between people. So just be polite and make it your________(强项).10.____________ m 答案:1.apologize 2.wrong 3.front 4.religious 5.glass

6.grateful/thankful7.matter8.fun9.along10.strength