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2019年高考英语全国一卷详解及全文翻译

2019年高考英语全国一卷详解及全文翻译
2019年高考英语全国一卷详解及全文翻译

答案】21. B 22. D 23. D

【文章大意与解析】文章体裁:本文为应用文。本文叙述了省政府及其合作伙伴提供了许多项目来帮助学生暑期在找到工作。

【21 题详解】

细节理解题。根据Summer Company部分中的“Summer Company provides students with ...awards of up to $3,000 to start and run their own summer businesses可知“Su”mmer Compan为y 学生提供高达3000 美元的奖励,来开始和经营他们自己的暑期业务”。“start and run their own summer businesse即s “为开办”新的业务”,这对应 B 项中的“ runn new businesse,s 二”者是词义之间的转述关系。故选B。

【22 题详解】

细节理解题。根据Stewardship Youth Ranger Program部分中的第二段“Who is eligible: Students aged 16 or 17 at time of hire, but not turning 18 before December 31 this year.可知“符”合条件的学生:16 岁或17岁的学生,但在今年12月31日之前未满18岁”。由此得出,这个项目要求年龄在16-17岁之间。分析选项可知 D 项符合题意,故选D。

【23 题详解】

细节理解题。根据Summer Employment Opportunities部分中的最后一段最后一句“Who is

eligible: ...Some positions require students to be 15to 24 or up to 29o fr persons with a disability 可知Su”mm,er Employment Opportunities 有些职位是给残疾人的。分析选项可知, D 项符合题意,故选D。

(阅读 A 参考翻译)今年夏天需要工作吗?省政府及其合作伙伴提供了许多项目来帮助学生找到暑期工作。截止日期和您需要申请的内容取决于该项目。

不是学生?访问政府网站,了解可以帮助30 岁以下的人提高技能、找到工作或全年创业的项目和在线工具。

青年工作如果你是居住在该省某些地区的青少年,你有资格(符合条件)参加该计划。提供八周带薪工作和培训。任职资格:15-18 岁的青年在选定社区(社区)工作。

暑期公司暑期公司为学生提供实践性的商业培训和高达3000 美元的奖励,以启动和经营他们自己的暑期业务。任职资格:15-29 岁的学生,秋季返回学校。

青少年管理员项目今年夏天,你可以申请成为一名管理员,为当地的自然资源管理项目工作8 周。任职资格:入职时年满16或17岁,但在今年12月31日前未满18岁的学生。夏季就业机会通过暑期就业机会计划,学生每年都会在各省公共服务部门及其相关机构和社区团体的各种暑期职位上就业。

任职资格:15岁或以上的学生。有些职位要求年龄为15至24或最多至29岁身体有残疾的人士。

21. 暑期公司有什么特别之处?

A. 就业前不需要培训。

B. 为经营新业务提供奖励。

C. 允许在自然环境中工作。

D. 提供更多的暑期工作机会。

22. 青少年管理员年龄范围是多少?

A. 15-18岁。

B.15-24岁。

C.15-29岁。D16-17 岁。

23. 哪个项目对残疾人有利?

A. 青年就业。

B.暑期公司。

C.青少年管理员方案。

D.夏季就业机会。

(阅读 B 原题呈现)

For Canaan Elementary 's second grade in Patchogu,e, tNo.dYa.y is speech day ,and right now it Palaez ' s turn. Th-ey e8ar-old is the joker of the class. With shining dark eyes, he seems like the kind of kid who would enjoy public speaking.

But he 'nse,rvous. “ Ih'er m e to tell you today why you should ?should ?”Chornis t htreip-s“ld, ”a.

pronunciation difficulty for many non-native English speakers. His teacher ,Thomas Whaley ,is next to him, whispering support. “?Vo?te mfoer?”Except for osme stumbles, Chris is doing amazingly well. When he

brings his speech to a nice conclusion ,Whaley invites the rest of the class to praise him. A son of immigrants, Chris stared learning English a little over three years ago. Whaley reca(lls回想起)how at the beginning of the year,when called upon to read,Chris would excuse himself to go to the bathroom. Learning English as a second language can be a painful experience. What you need is a great teacher who lets you make mistakes. “It takes a lot for any st,tu”de nWhaley explain,s

“ especially for a student who is learning English as their new language,to feel confident enough to say,‘ I don 't k,nobwut I want to know. '”Whaley got the idea of this second-grade presidential campaign project when he asked the children one day to raise their hands if they thought they could never be a president. The answer broke his heart. Whaley says the project is about more than just learning to read and speak in public. He wants these kids to learn to b(oa夸st耀)about themselves.

“ Baosting about yourself,and your best qualities, ” Wh,a“leyis s vaeyrsy difficult for a child who came into the

classroom not feeling confident. ”

24. What made Chris nervous?

A. Telling a story.

B. Making a speech.

C. Taking a test.

D. Answering a question.

25. What does the underlined word “ stumbles ” in paragraph 2 refer to?

A. Improper pauses.

B. Bad manners.

C. Spelling mistakes.

D.Silly jokes.

26. We can infer that the purpose of Whaley ' s project is to ______ .

A. help students see their own strengths

B. assess students ' public speaking skills

C. prepare students for their future jobs

D. inspire students ' love for politics

27. Which of the following best describes Whaley as a teacher? A. Humorous.B. Ambitious.C. Caring.D. Demanding.

答案】24. B 25. A 26. A 27. C

【文章大意与解析】

本文属于记叙文,讲述托马斯·威利为了帮助学生学英语以及树立信心专门开展了一个演讲课程。

【24 题详解】

细节理解题。根据第一段today is speech day和本段最后一句with shining dark eyes, he seems like the kind of kids who would enjoy public speaking. 以及第二段第一句But he ' s nervo可us知. ,克里斯眼睛黑亮,似乎是那种喜欢公共演讲的孩子,但是他却很紧张,故可知克里斯是因为做演讲紧张,故选B。

【25 题详解】词义猜测题。根据第二段“I ' m here to tell you today why you should ?Cs h roisu ltdrip?s” on the -ld ”“, a

pronunciation difficulty for many non-native English speakers. 以及后文except for some stumbles, Chris is doing amazingly well 可知, 克里斯发ld 比较困难,这对于英语不是母语的学习者来说都是一个困难,总体来说克里斯做得出奇的好。根据前文可知,ld 发音不准,因此有些结巴,停顿得不准,故选

A 。

【26 题详解】

推理判断题。根据倒数第二段Whaley says the project is about more than just learning to read and speak in public. He wants these kids to learn to boast about themselve以s.及最后一段“ boatisng about yourself, and your best qualities, Whale”y says, “ is very difficult for a child who came into the classroom not feeling confident. 可”知,这个课程不仅仅教孩子阅读以及公共演讲,还要让孩子学会夸耀自己,而夸耀自己对于那些进入教室没有信心的学生来说很困难,故可知,威利老师这么做是为了帮助学生认识自己的优势增加信心,故选A。

【27 题详解】

推理判断题。根据倒数第二段Whaley got the idea of this second-grade presidential campaign project when he asked the children one day to raise their hands if they thought they could never be a preside 和nt最. 后一段He wants these kids to learn to boast about themselve可s 知,当他有一天问学生认为自己当不了总统请举手的时候,想到了一个想法,这个课程就是帮助学生树立自己的信心,故可以看出这位老师很关心学生的成长。humorous 幽默的,ambitious 有雄心壮志的;caring 关心的;demanding要求高的。故选C。

(阅读 B 参考翻译)对于纽约州帕奇格的卡纳小学二年级来说,今天是演讲日,现在轮到克里斯·帕莱兹了。这个8 岁的孩子是班上的开心果。他有着闪亮的黑眼睛,看起来像那种喜欢在公众场合讲话的孩子。

但是他很紧张。“我今天来告诉你为什么你应该??应该??”克里斯发ld比较困难许多非英语母语人士发这个音都感到困难。他的老师托马斯·威利(Thomas Whaley)就站在他旁边,低声表示支持。“??投票给??我??”除了一些失误,克里斯做得出奇的好。当他的演讲圆满结束时,威利邀请全班同学称赞他。

作为一个移民的儿子,克里斯三年前开始学习英语。威利回忆(回想起)在今年年初,当要求阅读时,克里斯会借口去洗手间。

把英语作为第二语言学习是一段痛苦的经历。你需要的是一个让你犯错的好老师。“这对任何学生来说都需要付出很多,”威利解释说,“尤其是对于一个学习英语作为新语言的学生来说,要有足够的信心说‘我不知道,但我想知道 '。”

一天,当威利问孩子们,如果他们认为自己永远都不可能成为总统的话,请举手示意,于是他萌生了这个二年级的总统竞选项目。答案伤透了他的心。威利说这个项目不仅仅是在公共场合学习阅读和演讲。他希望这些孩子学会自吹自擂。

“吹嘘自己和你最好的品质,”威利说,“对于一个来到教室里没有自信的孩子来说是很困难的。”

24. 是什么让克里斯紧张呢?

A. 讲故事。

B.演讲。

C.考试。

D.回答问题

25. 第2 段中带下划线的“ stumbles指”的是什么? A.不恰当的停顿; B.不礼貌;C.拼写错误;D.愚蠢

的笑话。

26。我们可以推断威利项目的目的是

A.帮助学生了解自己的优势

B.评估学生的公共演讲技能

C.为学生将来的工作做准备

D.激发学生对政治的热爱

27。以下哪一项最能说明威利是一名教师? A.幽默。 B.雄心勃勃。 C.关心。 D.要求。

(阅读 C 原题呈现)

As data and identity theft becomes more and more common, the market is growing for biomet(ric

生物测量)technologies—like fingerprint scans—to keep others out of private e-spaces. At present, these technologies are still expensive, though.

Researchers from Georgia Tech say that they have come up with a low-cost dev(ice装置)that gets around this problem: a smart keyboard. This smart keyboard precisely measures the caden(c节e 奏)with which one types and the pressure fingers apply to each key. The keyboard could offer a strong layer of security by analyzing things like the force of a user's typing and the time between key presses. These patterns are unique to each person. Thus, the keyboard can determine people's identities, and by extension, whether they should be given access to the computer it's connected —to regardless of whether someone gets the password right. It also doesn't require a new type of technology that people aren't already familiar with. Everybody uses a keyboard and everybody types differently.

In a study describing the technology, the researchers had 100 volunteers type twheo rd

“ touch ” four times using the smart keyboard. Data collected from the device could be used to recognize different participants based on how they typed, with very low error rates. The researchers say that the keyboard should be pretty straightforward to commercialize and is mostly made of inexpensive, plastic-like parts. The team hopes to make it to market in the near future.

28. Why do the researchers develop the smart keyboard?

A. To reduce pressure on keys.

B. To improve accuracy in typing

C. To replace the password system.

D. To cut the cost of e-space protection.

29. What makes the invention of the smart keyboard possib?le

A. Computers are much easier to operate.

B. Fingerprint scanning techniques develop fast.

C. Typing patterns vary from person to person.

D. Data security measures are guaranteed.

30. What do the researchers expect of the smart keyboa?rd

A. It'll be environment-friendly.

B. It'll reach consumers soon.

C. It'll be made of plastics.

D. It'll help speed up typing.

31. Where is this text most likely from?

A. A diary.

B.A guidebook

C. A novel.

D. A magazine.

【答案】28. D 29. C 30. B 31. D

【文章大意解析】这是一篇说明文。数据和身份盗窃变得越来越普遍,目前,向指纹扫描等这些技术仍然是昂贵的。

本文介绍了一种新的科技——智能键盘,它能给电子空间用户带来安全,而且这项技术也不贵。【28题详解】

细节理解题。根据第一段的At present, these technologies are still expensive, thoug和h.第二段的Researchers from Georgia Tech say that they have come up with a low-cost device that gets around this problem: a smart key board.可知,研究者们开发智能键盘是为了降低e-space保护的成本。故选D。

【29 题详解】细节理解题。根据第二段的The key board could offer a strong layer of security by analyzing things like the force of a user ' s typing and the time between key presses. These patterns are unique to each pe,rstohne. Thus keyboard can determine people ' s id可en知ti,tie因s 为每个人的打字方式不同,使智能键盘能够识别人的

身份。故选C。

【30 题详解】

细节理解题。根据最后一段的The team hopes to make it to market in the near futur可e. 知,研究者们希望智能键盘能早日面世。故选B。

【31 题详解】推理判断题。本文介绍了一种新的科技——智能键盘,它能给电子空间用户带来安全,由此可知,本文是关于科技,结合所给选项可知,本文可能来自于一本杂志。故选D。

(阅读 C 参考翻译)随着数据和身份盗窃越来越普遍,生物测量技术(如指纹扫描)的市场正在增长,以防止其他人进入私人电子空间。但目前,这些技术仍然很昂贵。

佐治亚理工学院的研究人员表示,他们已经提出了一种可以解决这个问题的低成本设备:智能键盘。这款智能键盘可精确测量一种类型和压力指应用于每个键的节奏(节奏)。通过分析用户键入的力度和按键之间的间隔时间等因素,键盘可以提供强大的安全性。这些模式对每个人都是独一无二的。因此,键盘可以确定人们的身份,进而,他们是否应该被允许访问它所连接的计算机--无论是否有

人获得正确的密码。

它也不需要人们不熟悉的新型技术。每个人都使用键盘,每个人都有不同的类型。在一项描述该技术的研究中,研究人员让100名志愿者使用智能键盘输入“触摸”一词四次。从设备收集的数据可用于根据输入的方式识别不同的参与者,错误率非常低。研究人员表示,键盘的商业化应该非常简单,并且主要由廉价的塑料类零件制成。该团队希望在不久的将来将其推向市场。

28. 为什么研究人员开发智能键盘?

A. 减轻按键压力。

B.提高打字准确度

C.更换密码系统。

D.削减电子空间保护的成本。

29. 什么使智能键盘的发明成为可能?

A. 计算机更容易操作。

B.指纹扫描技术发展迅速。

C.打字模式因人而异。

D. 保证数据安全措施。

30. 研究人员对智能键盘的期望是什么?

A. 它将是环保的。

B.很快就会到达消费者手中。

C.它将由塑料制成。

D.它有助于加快打字速度。

31. 此文本最有可能来自何处?

A.日记。

B.指南

C.小说。

D. 杂志。

(阅读 D 原题呈现)

During the rosy years of elementary schoo(l 小学), I enjoyed sharing my dolls and jokes, which allowed me to keep my high social status. I was the queen of the playground. Then came my tweens and teens, and mean girls and cool kids. They rose in the ranks not by being friendly but by smoking cigarettes, breaking rules and playing jokes on others, among whom I soon found myself. Popularity is a well-explored subject in social psychology. Mitch Prinstein, a professor of clinical psychology sorts the popular into two categories: the likable and the status ske e rs. The likables

'-w ep l la-ywsith-others qualities strengthen schoolyard friendships, jump-start interpersonal skills and, when tapped early, are employed ever after in life and work. Then there ' s the kind of popularity that appears in asd olescence

born of power and even dishonorable behavior.

Enviable as the cool kids may have seemed, Dr. Prinstein ' s studies show unpleasant consequence

were highest in status in high school, as well as those least liked in elementary school, are ikely to

engage(从事)in dangerous and risky behavior. ”

In one study, Dr. Prinstein examined the two types of popularity in 235 adolescents, scoring the least liked, the most liked and the highest in status based on student surve(ys调查研究). “ We found that theea lst well-liked teens had become more aggressive over time toward their classmates. But so had those who were high in status. It clearly showed that while likability can lead to healthy adjustment, high status has just the opposite effect on us."

Dr. Prinstein has also found that the qualities that made the neighbors want you on a play date-sharing, kindness, openness—carry over to later years and make you better able to relate and connect with others.

In analyzing his and other researc,h Dr. Prinstein came to another conclusion: Not only is

likability related to positive life outcomes, but it is also responsible for those outcomes, too. "Being liked creates opportunities for learning and for new kinds of life experiences that help somebody gain an advantea,g ” he said.

32. What sort of girl was the author in her early years of elementary school?

A. Unkind.

B. Lonely.

C. Generous.

D. Cool.

33. What is the second paragraph mainly abou?t

A. The classification of the popular.

B. The characteristics of adolescents.

C. The importance of interpersonal skills.

D. The causes of dishonorable behavior.

34. What did Dr. Prinstein ' s study find about the most liked kids?

A. They appeared to be aggressive.

B. They tended to be more adaptable.

上海高考英语翻译题与答案(最新整理)

Part 1 Translation Directions: Translate the following sentences into English, using the words given in the brackets. 1、格林先生本周日要去拜访一位朋友,此人精通理财之道。(who) 2、人们是否会推迟退休还有待于讨论(remain)。 3、无论任务多么艰巨,我们都要不遗余力地完成。(However) 4、许多公司在雇佣员工时,相对于能力而言,更看重个性。(emphasis) 5、如果双方在这些事务上能达成共识,就有可能在新的领域进一步合作。(If...) 1、Mr. Green is going to visit\see a friend this Sunday, who knows a lot about money matters. 2 、It remains to be discussed whether people will delay retiring. /Whether people will delay retiring remains to be discussed. 3、However hard the task is, we should spare no efforts to accomplish it. 4 、Many companies put more emphasis on personality than on capability when they employ staff members. 5 、If both the parties can agree on these issues, they are likely to further cooperate(have further cooperation)in the new field. Part 2 Translation Directions: Translate the following sentences into English, using the words given in the brackets. 1.每年圣诞期间百货店里的商品都减价出售。(sale) 2.如今人们非常关注的是食品安全和空气质量。(concern) 3.无论多么艰难,交给咱们的任务都必须按时完成。(however) 4.专家们一入座外语节的演讲比赛就在王校长的主持下开始了。(Hardly) 5.遍布城市每个角落的星巴克(Starbucks) 满足了人们适应快节奏生活的需要。(adapt) 1.The goods in the department stores are all on sale at Christmas every year. 2.Nowadays what people are (very) much concerned about is food safety and air quality. Food safety and air quality are people’s major concerns nowadays. 3.However hard/ difficult it is, the task given to us must/ should be completed/ fulfilled on time. 4.Hardly had the experts sat down/ got seated/ seated themselves/ taken (their) seats when the speech contest of the Foreign Language Festival (that was) hosted by Principal Wang s tarted. 5.The Starbucks in every corner of the city have met/ satisfied/ meet/ satisfy people’s needs/ demands to adapt to a/ the fast-paced life. Part 3 Translation Directions: Translate the following sentences into English, using the words given in the brackets. 1、孩子们总是对周边的一切都非常好奇。(curious) 2、她在比赛中表现出色,给评委留下了深刻的印象。(which) 3、一进学校,她就意外得知有一所名校录取她了。(No sooner…) 4、奇怪的是,这些年轻人对这些我们都耳熟能详的歌曲却一无所知。(know)

文言文综合翻译(2019届用)

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