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航海英语货运绝招

绝招货运

1.We prepare to work D. with two gangs at Hatch No.2 and No.3. (0094)

2.Would you please figure A. out the quantity of the cargo? (0519)

3.Which is wrong? A. Dunnage is used to reduce broken space (0527)

4.What does the abbreviation SWL stand for? D. Safe working load ____. (0533)

5.Timber can be stowed D. both on deck and in holds. (0545)

6.The term “loading and unloading cargo” means C. cargo handling. (0566)

7.The abbreviation COW in tanker operations stands for A. crude oil washing. (0611)

8.Please choke up the drums to prevent B. movement.(0641) chock

9.Our jumbo boom D. has been out of use for a long time. (0648)

10.“In ballast” means the vessel is C. not carrying cargo. (0679)

11.I f weights are moved away from midship section, A. hogging will happen on board. (0681)

12.I f weights are concentrated in middle part, C. sagging will happen on board the ship. (0682)

13.d ischarging, at A. B. C and D consecutively, cargo for D. part D must be loaded first. (0684)

先进后出,先大后小,

14.C. A deck crane is used for lifting cargo. (0751)

15.T he good preparation of stowage plan will D. raise the working efficiency. (0790)

16.B roken stowage includes the space B. between irregular containers (0913)

17.T he transportation of dangerous cargo in package is governed by C. IMDG code. (0794)

18.T he shippers hope each mate’s receipt is to be signed right after C. cargo is on board. (0800) 19.T he necessity of segregation of cargoes is determined by B. various types of cargoes. (0816)

20.T he most important principle in cargo stowage is B. to ensure safety of ship and cargo (0817) 21.d eck loads are stowed in such a manner as D. not to affect the vessel’s stability ____. (0833)

22.c heck made at loading port is to avoid accepting cargo B. in weak condition upon receipt. (0834) 23.S pecial stowage in deep tanks is required for C. common liquid commodities in bulk. (0844) 24.F reight rates are mostly charged A. by the weight (tons) of cargo. (0900)

25.D ry cargoes are those commodities that A. never leak but may be spoiled by leakage. (0904) 26.B ottom stowage on board a ship is usually given to B. heavy cargoes (0914)

27.B ecause of A. their different packing, no separation is needed for the cargoes. (0916)

28.A s a matter of fact, the damage to the winches was due to D. rough handling. (0918)

29.h olds are so cleaned that they meet the requirements of the B. cargo surveyor. (0920)

30.C. Fish meal is the most liable to spontaneous combustion. (0938) oil rags

31.B. Deadweight tonnage of cargo best indicates how many tons of cargo vessel can carry. (1937) 32.T o ensure the ship’s general stability, D. cargo is properly distr ibuted throughout the ship. (1967) 33.c aptain ordered dangerous cargo on deck A. be jettisoned to lighten ship. (2005)

34.P lacing lashing across hook to prevent fitting from slipping out of hook is called C. mousing. (2014) 35.O n cargo booms, preventers are A. auxiliary guys (2022) cf standing guy

36.m ultiplying load’s weight by distance of the load’s center of gravity B. vertical moment. (2023)

37.b oom indicator tells operator the boom angle is compared to the B. horizontal position. (2025)

38.M etacentric height is a measure of A. initial stability only. (2039)

39.K eeping draft at or below load line mark will insure vessel has adequate B. reserve buoyancy (2050) 40.J ettisoning weight from topside C. lowers the center of gravity. C(2052)

41.I nitial stability is indicated by A. GM. (2055)

42.I ncreasing number of slack liquid tanks =raising C. virtual height of center of gravity. (2057)

43.I ncreasing free surfaces =raising the B. virtual height of the center of gravity. (2059)

44.t he center of buoyancy of an inclined vessel is vertically aligned with the B. metacenter. (2062) 45.C. Gate valve gives the least resistance to fluid flow when fully open. (2063)

46.t he buoyant force is assumed to act vertically upwards through the C. metacenter ____. (2065)

47.t he metacentric height D. is calculated by subtracting KG from KM ____. (2066)

48.I n handling break-bulk hazardous materials, it is forbidden to use B. metal bale hooks. (2080)

49.S tresses on outboard guy will be least if the guy is made fast B. at right angles to the boom. (2084) 50.t he righting arm (GZ) for the various angles of inclination will A. decrease. (2092)

51.t here will always be an increase in the D. vertical moments. (2095)

52.I f the metacentric height is small, a floating vessel will A. be tender. (2097)

53.I f the metacentric height is large, a floating vessel will C. be stiff. (2098)

54.I f a vessel lists to port, the center of buoyancy will A. move to port. (2103)

55.l oad will stay suspended because A. check valve will close, which prevents reverse circulation. (2106) 56.G M cannot be used as indicator of stability because A. M is not fixed at large angles. (2134)

57.F reeboard is measured from the upper edge of the B. deck line. (2146)

58.i f the KG were equal to the KM, then the vessel would have C. neutral stability. (2151) initial stability 59.F or any given pedestal crane, when boom is lengthened, the lifting capacity is D. decreased. (2154) 60.F or a vessel with transverse inclination, an increase in GMT causes B. list to decrease ____. (2156) 61.F or a vessel with longitudinal inclination, an increase in GMT causes D. trim to decrease. (2157) 62.F or a vessel with list, an increase in GMT will cause the inclination to B. decrease. B(2158)

63.N YPE Charter party is a B. time charter. B(1365)

64.M anifest and cargo plan are most important shipping papers required for A. discharging plan. (1392) 65.A shipper of cargo offers a letter of indemnity for the cargo. to obtain a. A. clean bill of lading (1654) 66.p ay dispatch money when vessel D. loads and discharges its cargo in less time than specified (1689) 67.d own flooding will cause the KB to C. Rise. (1917)

68.D angerous goods required to be carried “C. on deck only”, may be carried on open vehicle decks (2348) 69.B. Marine surveyor is to examine and verify the vessel’s classification. (1741)

70.C. Cargo surveyor is to examine condition of the cargo carried on board. (1742)

71.w inter load waterline D. The line between the summer and winter north Atlantic load waterline (1744) 72.W hen D. case is related to dispute about cargo, provisions will be used as basis for settlement. (1747) 73.t oo much listing to portside. C. Put light cargo on port side and heavy cargo on starboard side (1780)

74.T he premium is usually included in C. the freight rate. C(1785)

75.I reserve the right to extend same at time and place convenient. B. sea protest (1846) 76.I n telex abbreviations, CFM and INFM A. confirm, inform (1847)