文档库

最新最全的文档下载
当前位置:文档库 > 英国文学名词解释

英国文学名词解释

1.Alliteration: in alliteration verse, certain accented words in a line began with the same consonant sound. There are generally four accents in a line, three of which show alliteration.

2.Spenserian Stanza:1.is invented by Edmund Spenser for his poem The Faerie Queene,.2. is a Verse form that consists of eight iambic pentameter lines followed by a ninth line of six iambic feet (an alexandrine); the rhyme scheme is ababbcbcc. The first eight lines produce an effect of formal unity, while the hexameter completes the thought of the stanza.3 has origins in the Old French ballade, the Italian ottava rima 4.the stanza form used by Chaucer in his “Monk's Tale” A revolutionary innovation in its day, the Spenserian stanza fell into general disuse during the 17th and 18th centuries. It was revived in the 19th century by the Romantic poets

3.Blank Verse: 1. unrhymed iambic pentameter, 2. the dominant verse form of English dramatic and narrative poetry since the mid-16th century, 3. one of the most common metrical patterns in English poetry.

4. used in Shakespeare's dramas and Milton's Paradise Lost.

5.Source:Blank verse was adapted by Italian Renaissance writers from classical sources; it became the standard form of dramatists.

6.develop:Christopher Marlowe used blank verse for dramatic verse

4.The Metaphysical Poets:1.About the beginning of the 17th century, there appeared in England a school of poets called "Metaphysicals" by Samuel Johnson. With a rebellious spirit, the metaphysical poets tried to break away from the conventional fashion of the Elizabethan love poetry. 2.The diction is simple as compared with that of the Elizabethan or the Neoclassic periods and echoes the words and cadences of common speech. The imagery is drawn from the actual life. The form is frequently that of an argument with the poet's beloved, with God, or with himself. The representatives are John Donne

5.The Sonnet: A lyric poem of fourteen lines whose ryhme scheme is fixed. usually written in rhymed iambic pentameter ,with a rhymed pattern: abab cdcd efef gg .Two kinds of sonnets have been most common in English poetry, and they take their names from the greatest poets to utilize them: the Petrarchan sonnet and the Shakespearean sonnet .

6. Sentimentalism: is a literal movement in the middle of the 18th century in England which concentrates on the distressed of the poor unfortunate and virtuous people and demonstrates that effusive emotion was evidence of kindness and goodness. It reveals grief, pains and tears.

7.Pre-romanticism: a literal trend in the English literature of the latter half of the 18th century which composes the romance devoted to the medieval times. William Blake and Robert Burns are two representatives of pre-romanticists.

8.Neoclassicism: a revival in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries of classical standards of order, balance, and harmony in literature. Alexander Pope, John Dryden and Samuel Johnson were major exponents of the neoclassical school.

9.Heroic Couplet: is an iambic pentameter heaving the lines rhyming in pairs. Heroic couplet is two lines of rhyming iambic pentameters.

英国文学名词解释

(共1页)